Jurnal Keperawatan
Vol. 11 No. 1 (2020): Januari

Self-Care Behaviour Practices and Associated Factors Among Adult Hypertensive Patient in Padang

Reni Prima Gusty (Universitas Andalas)
Leni Merdawati (Universitas Andalas)

Article Info

Publish Date
15 Feb 2020


Introduction: Hypertension self-care practice is essential for blood pressure control and reduction of hypertension complications. An Assessment of an individual hypertension self-care behavior may provide clinicians and practitioners with important information regarding how to control hypertension. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess Hypertension self-care practice and associated factors among patients in public health facilities in Padang. Method: In this cross-sectional study design with proportional random sampling. 260 hypertensive patients. Self-care activities were measured using hypertension self-care activity level effects (H-Scale). Results: The mean age was 60 years old, women (65.8%), unemployed (88.1%), senior high school (47.7%), duration had hypertension for 5-10 years (49.6%). 67.3% normal body mass index, 83.5% nonsmoking, 72.3% had’ not central obesity. There were four components of self-care that had a low level. They were physical activity adherence, using a low salt diet, weight management, and medication adherence. 100% abstinence from alcohol, 73.8% nonsmoking. The results of Chi-square indicated that BMI (p=0.002), central obesity (p = 0,000) were  significantly associated with treatment adherence; there were also a significant association between education (p=0.005), BMI (p=0.002) and central obesity (p=0,000) with diet adherence; the age (p = 0.008), education (p = 0.014) and central obesity (p = 0,000) with adherence to physical activity; sex (p = 0,000), work (p=0,000) and education (p=0.025) with nonsmoking. Discussion: It is crucial to implement a well- designed program to improve hypertension self-care behaviors.

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Journal Info







Jurnal Keperawatan is a peer-reviewed journal published by School of Nursing at the Faculty of Health Science, University of Muhammadiyah Malang (UMM), which is focusing on several issues in nursing field. The first volume was published on 2010, and it is published twice a year, issued on January ...