Nowadays, many algorithms are introduced, and some researchers focused their research on the utilization of convolutional neural network (CNN). CNN algorithm is equipped with various learning architectures, enabling researchers to choose the most effective architecture for classification. However, this research suggested that to increase the accuracy of the classification, preprocessing mechanism is another significant factor to be considered too. This study utilized Gaussian filter for preprocessing mechanism and VGG16 for learning architecture. The Gaussian filter was combined with different preprocessing mechanism applied on the selected dataset, and the measurement of the accuracy as the result of the utilization of the VGG16 learning architecture was acquired. The study found that the utilization of using contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE) + red green blue (RGB) + Gaussian filter and thresholding images showed the highest accuracy, 98.75%. Furthermore, another significant finding is that the Gaussian filter was able to increase the accuracy on RGB images, however the accuracy decreased for green channel images. Finally, the use of CLAHE for dataset preprocessing increased the accuracy dealing with the green channel images.
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