Makara Journal of Technology
Vol. 13, No. 1

Thermal Stability of Clay's Galleries in Polypropylene - Clay (montmorillonite) Nanocomposites using Polypropylene-gMaleic Anhydride as Compatibilizer

Astutiningsih, Sotya (Unknown)
Kinasih, Pandu Lanang (Unknown)
Wibowo, Arief Cahyo (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Apr 2009


Thermal Stability of Clay's Galleries in Polypropylene - Clay (montmorillonite) Nanocomposites using Polypropylene-g- Maleic Anhydride as Compatibilizer. Superior properties of food packaging can be achieved using nanocomposite technology. However, fabrication of this materials are complex and expensive. Long term objectives of this research is the synthesis of low cost polypropylene clay nanocomposites (PPCN) via a short-cut method known as ‘cascade engineering’. Cascade engineering principle in PPCN fabrication is performed by using compatibilizer (to enable the mixing of PP and clay) masterbatch, and PPCN in one pot process using melt mixer. This paper present the experimental results using small-angle x-ray diffraction (XRD) on the thermal stability of the PPCN. Results from the XRD analysis showed that the clay was intercalated, however no significant changes were observed as a result of variation in mixing time. XRD patterns of the annealed PPCN showed reduction of MMT’s gallery (deintercalation) These phenomenon was probably caused by insufficient bonding and lack of compatibility between PP-g-MA and MMT.

Copyrights © 2009

Journal Info





Chemical Engineering, Chemistry & Bioengineering Civil Engineering, Building, Construction & Architecture Electrical & Electronics Engineering Engineering Materials Science & Nanotechnology Mechanical Engineering


MAKARA Journal of Technology is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal committed to the advancement of scholarly knowledge and research findings of the several branches of Engineering and Technology. The Journal publishes new results, original articles, reviews, and research notes whose content ...