Journal of Science and Education (JSE)
Vol. 3 No. 2 (2022): Special issue dedicated to International Conference on Sports Science and Healt

Development of imagery exercises to increase confidence in penalty stroke for EHC (Eleven Hockey Club) male hockey athletes

Meywah Khofifah (Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia)
Kurniati Rahayuni (Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia)
Yulingga Nanda Hanief (Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia)
Supriatna Supriatna (Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia)

Article Info

Publish Date
19 Dec 2022


Imagery training is needed by EHC (Eleven Hockey Club) hockey athletes in order to increase self-confidence, especially during penalty strokes. The purpose of this study was to develop imagery exercises to increase confidence in video-based format. The method used in this research is the Research and Development (R&D) method with the following steps: needs analysis, product design, expert validation, product revision, small group trial, large group trial and final product. The subjects used in this study were athletes, coaches and expert validators. Development analysis using interview instruments. The product is validated by 3 expert validators: 1 (one) Psychology Expert, 1 (one) Hockey Coaching Expert, 1 (one) Hockey Expert and the results of the validator's assessment showed 89.28% to 100% rate which assign the product are very valid. The video product then tested by a small group of 5 (five) hockey athletes and a large group of 10 (ten) hockey athletes. From the results obtained from the small group trial, namely 80.83% (very valid) and the results from the large group 98.75% (very valid). So it can be concluded that the development of imagery exercises to increase confidence in doing penalty strokes for video-based Hockey athletes is feasible to use.

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Journal of Science and Education (JSE) aims to facilitate and promote the inquiry into and dissemination of research results on primary education, secondary education, higher education, teacher education, special education, adult education, non-formal education, and any new development and ...