Journal of Vocational Studies on Applied Research
Volume 4, Issue 2, Year 2022 (October 2022)

Optimization of Liquid Soap Preparation Formula with the Addition of Black Rice (Oryza Sativa L. Indica) Extract as Anti-Radical Free based Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO)

Ragil Agnes Safira Imamsyah (Industrial Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Vocational School, Diponegoro University Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang)
Vita Paramita (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
22 Dec 2022


An imbalance in the body's number of antioxidants and free radicals can cause oxidative stress and trigger various degenerative diseases (WHO, 2016). One way to prevent free radicals from entering the body is to bathe with soap. Black rice extract can be an antioxidant in soap because it contains anthocyanin pigments and has high bioactive compounds (Chakuton et al., 2012). Selection of Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) as a raw material for soap because it has a high lauric acid content and is helpful for moisturizing and smoothing the skin (Afrozi et al., 2021). This study aimed to analyze the quality of liquid soap from the hydrolyzed Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) and the effect of using bases KOH, NH4OH, and black rice extract accompanied by varying base concentrations, time, and temperature treatments. The independent variables for process optimization were the concentration of KOH: NH4OH (30:70, 50:50, 70:30)%, stirring time (65, 85, 105) minutes, and operating temperature (60, 75, 90) °C. Based on the results obtained, the optimum level of FFA (resulting in a small FFA%) was obtained with the minimized variable conditions, namely using a concentration of 16,4% KOH, and an operating temperature of 49,7 °C, a stirring time of 51.4 minutes, and composite desirability of 0,895897.

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Journal Info







Journal of Vocational Studies on Applied Research [e-ISSN 2684-8090] is an open access peer reviewed journal published by Vocational School Diponegoro University Semarang Central Java Indonesia. Journal of Vocational Studies on Applied Research is an Journal publishing academic and industrial topics ...