International Journal of Advanced Health Science and Technology (IJAHST) publishes peer-reviewed, original research and review articles in an open-access format. Accepted articles span the full extent of the Public Health, Environmental Health, Nursing, Oral and Dental Health, Midwifery, Nutrition, Medical Laboratory Technology, and Biomedical Engineering IJAHST seeks to be the world’s premier open-access outlet for academic research. As such, unlike traditional journals, IJAHST does not limit content due to page budgets or thematic significance. Rather, IJAHST evaluates the scientific and research methods of each article for validity and accepts articles solely on the basis of the research. Likewise, by not restricting papers to a narrow discipline, IJAHST facilitates the discovery of the connections between papers, whether within or between disciplines.