Jurnal Desain Komunikasi Visual Nirmana is published biannually, in January and July, by Petra Christian University. Jurnal Desain Komunikasi Visual Nirmana aims to promote a comprehensive approach to visual communication design incorporating viewpoints of different disciplines, strengthen academic exchange with other institutions, encourage scientist, practicing engineers, and others to conduct research and other similar activities. Jurnal Desain Komunikasi Visual Nirmana welcomes papers with the above aims and scopes. The editorial board decides papers to be published in Nirmana after review by reviewers appointed by the board. Authors will be advised of comments from reviewers and suggestions.