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English and Literature Journal
ISSN : 23550821     EISSN : 25805215     DOI : -
ELITE: English and Literature Journal (Print ISSN: 2355-0821, Online ISSN: 2580-5215) is a peer-reviewed journal devoted specifically to the studies of English linguistics and literature and other literatures with a special emphasis on local culture, wisdom, philosophy and identity. Published twice a year in June and December, the first edition of ELITE was published in 2013. The journal contents are managed by the English and Literature Department, Faculty of Adab and Humanities, Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia. The primary objective of the journal is to provide a productive forum for lecturers, researchers, authors, graduate students, and practitioners to present results of their recent studies in the areas of English linguistics and literature and other literary traditions. The journal is also intended to help disseminate recent developments in theories, concepts, and ideas in the areas concerned to the academic community of language and literature studies in Indonesia in particular and worldwide in general.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature" : 10 Documents clear
TRACING THE HISTORY OF ALADDIN LIVE-ACTION MOVIE (2019): A NEW HISTORICISM STUDY Asmaa Hanifah; Ririn Kurnia Trisnawati; Mia Fitria Agustina
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.26366

Abstract

The objectives of this research are to find the differences and the causes of the changed character and setting of places in Aladdin live-action movie and The Story of Ala-ed-Din and the Wonderful Lamp (TSAWL) short story by Antonie Galland. Also, it aims at analyzing the purposes of such changes. The study is qualitative-based research, and the analysis was done by examining the intrinsic parts of the works, such us characters and the setting of places. The extrinsic approaches were employed where New Historicism was needed as a theoretical framework. The results show that the reconstruction of the character Aladdin and changing the setting of place from China to a fictional place, a city of Agrabah obviously occurs. It can be concluded that the changed has been caused by the time the story is made and the author to make the movie live in the year of its creation.
ANTAGONISTIC KINDNESS IN CHARLOTTE PERKINS GILMAN’S “THE YELLOW WALLPAPER” Sufi Ikrima Saadah; Mochamad Andry Setyawan; Alvandi Rizki Prabowo; Galih Ismahendra
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.28681

Abstract

This article depicts John’s attitude in treating his wife’s nervous depression in Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper.” The treatment is supposed to help the wife get better. Yet, she ends up with a severe mental breakdown. The researchers argue that John’s attitude towards his sickly wife is what is called antagonistic kindness. This study employed the qualitative descriptive method through the perspective of feminist literary criticism. Since the narrator is the wife, the data were taken from the wife’s accounts of John’s acts and speeches towards her during the special treatment in the rented mansion. The wife’s thoughts on John also serve as the essential data to show how manipulative and dictating John is. The research indicates that John’s attitude embodies antagonistic kindness manifested in two major cruel-kindness actions or decisions, including psychological manipulation and dictation towards his wife. John keeps saying that all the treatment is for the wife’s sake, yet, he says such a thing to make the wife feel guilty for being a burden. Moreover, John has his wife’s daily activities scheduled, preventing her from doing anything out of his control. He never listens to what his wife wants or feels, thus worsening the wife’s psychological condition. The researchers further argue that John exhibits the so-called antagonistic kindness to maintain his reputation as a physician of high standing and keep dominating his wife as his property. The findings thus might help the readers be aware of any forms of kindness that antagonize and manipulate them psychologically.
THE HEROES’ JOURNEY: AN ARCHETYPAL ANALYSIS OF HANSEL AND GRETEL Homam altabaa; Nor Ainun Barieah Binti Zahari
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.31463

Abstract

There are numerous fairy tales in the European tradition, and especially in the Grimms’ collection, that employ numerous archetypal themes, characters and motifs. This is true of the popular story, Hansel and Gretel. The examination of archetypes can be a laborious task given their rich psychological and cultural significance and their widespread use among seemingly distinct civilizations and genres. Accordingly, this study analyses the use of archetypes in the Grimms’ collection - through the example of Hansel and Gretel - to explore their full significance as these archetypes could potentially be a reason behind the enduring popularity of this story and the collection in general. The methodology of this study is based on the archetypal stages of the hero’s journey or quest as elaborated by Joseph Campbell in his seminal work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces. This study has concluded that Hansel and Gretel skilfully employ numerous archetypal elements such as the evil women, order versus chaos, thresholds and helpers, and the trickster and the witch within the archetypal framework of a hero's journey to allow its protagonists to achieve psychological and moral maturity and material rewards. Through its few pages, Hansel and Gretel offers readers rich moral lessons about courage, regression, shrewdness, loyalty, evil, compassion and destiny through the use of the archetypal journey and its various elements. Keywords: Archetypes, fairytales, Hansel and Gretel, hero’s journey
Praktik Rasial di Amerika Serikat Bagian Selatan pada Tahun 1960 an di Film Mississippi Burning : Sebuah Analisis Wacana Kritis M. Fauzi Arrasyid; Essy Syam; Mohd. Fauzi
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.32228

Abstract

This study analyzes racial practices in the movie Mississippi Burning, which portrays racism in the Deep South of America in the 1960s. This study used Jäger and Meier's Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and a descriptive qualitative method, which explains and reveals racial practices in the Deep South through Jim Crow Law and the Ku Klux Klan in the 1960s. This study's analysis data are the scenes depicting racism in the Deep South collected from the Mississippi Burning movie and the explanation of these pictures based on Jäger and Meier's CDA. After that, these data were analyzed by selecting and reducing it in finding racial practices in the Deep South, categorizing the data based on non-discursive practices with a table, and drawing a conclusion from the analysis. This study shows that Whites engaged in racial practices such as segregation, violence, lynching, intimidation, and burning Black churches. The Whites used these racial practices in this movie had the purpose of upholding Jim Crow Law, White supremacy, and preventing blacks from the vote and their advancement in larger communities.
FEMINISM IN ENOLA HOLMES FILM: A SEMIOTIC LENS Alfi Syahriyani; Maidhotul Kaifa Novikasandra
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.32298

Abstract

Film is not merely a medium to entertain but also a reflection of society's values and conditions. This research deals with the portrayal of feminism in the film of Enola Holmes in the era of 19th century through its main character of the film ‘Enola’. It uses the qualitative method by employing the theory of semiotics of Charles Sanders Peirce, which categorizes signs into three related parts, namely representamen, object, and interpretant. The data was taken by identifying and interpreting the signs through the scenes of the films, including icon, index, and symbol. The findings show that the film represents the feminist values through the character of Enola, such as independent, intellectual, showing freedom of choice, gender equality, and right to privacy. The character challenged the social norms in the 19th century, which still positioned women as inferior social beings and were oppressed by the patriarchal system. The film also brings relevant messages as it also indirectly criticizes the present women issues through the historical lens.
KEHIDUPAN PEREMPUAN YANG DIGAMBARKAN DALAM KARYA WALKER DAN TOHARI: STUDI PERBANDINGAN Olga A. Rorintulus; Ceisy N. Wuntu; Devilito Prasetyo Tatipang; Imelda Lolowang; Merlin M. Maukar
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.32488

Abstract

This research raises the deconstruction of patriarchal power over women, social, race and education in the novels. The researcher examines this matter with the aims of uncovering and describing gender issues in this study based on the existence of women who feel oppressed trying to fight for their rights. In this study, the researcher compares the same situation between the two main characters in these two novels which is described using a qualitative descriptive method. The data sources in this research are the novels Bekisar Merah and The Color Purple. The data were obtained by reading, taking notes, and coded each sentence related to the research data. In analyzing the data, the researcher uses the Feminist Intersectional theory to examine in depth the oppression of women from all aspects. The results of this study indicate that there is discrimination experienced by the two main characters in the novel, discrimination in terms of gender, family, society, race and education. Marginalization is also felt by these two characters due to differences in Gender, Race, and Family backgrounds that give rise to marginalization, the existence of dominance from the other party towards one of the sexes can be marginalized, in addition, the injustice has to do with the subordination, stereotypes, and violence experienced by the female characters in the novel. However, the form of gender equality in this case is the need for mutual respect between men and women, women as equal partners of men are more precisely as mentors and equal partners.
STUDENT'S RECEPTION TOWARD SHAKESPEARE’S SELECTED CONTEMPORARY PLAYS Dahlan; Syahruni Junaid; Ahmad Muzammil; Masykur Rauf
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.32913

Abstract

Literary reception is a literary genre that examines literary texts by considering the reader as the giver of the welcome or response. Researchers choose to analyze literary receptions in Shakespeare's plays, namely "Romeo and Juliet" and "Macbeth" as an interesting source of data to be studied and analyzed more deeply because of the difficulty of readers in responding to a literary work. This study aims to determine the reader's response to the two plays by Shakespeare. The data source of this research is the play script of "Romeo and Juliet" and "Macbeth" by William Shakespeare. The method used in this study is a qualitative descriptive method. This study uses Iser’s Reception theory with instruments in the form of documentation and observation studies because this research is reviewed by noting and marking the parts that are considered important and useful for the reader. Based on the results of this study, it is clear that there are reader responses in Shakespeare's plays. Then the results of the research are in the form of a questionnaire containing nine questions with excellent answers or responses from readers in engaging the two plays by Shakespeare.
ANALYSIS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION ASPECTS BASED ON GORDON ALLPORT’S THEORY DEPICTED IN FRUITVALE STATION MOVIE (2013) Zanuwar atmantika; Nizam Ahsani; Ulaya Ahdiani; Kasiyarno; Latifah Ananda
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.33157

Abstract

Fruitvale Station is a movie based on the true story of a shooting at a Fruitvale Station in Oakland, California, by a white police officer named Johannes Mehserle against a black man named Oscar Grant III. Oscar Grant, who was the victim of a conflict on a train that stopped at Fruitvale Station, was instead made a suspect in the incident by police officers who wanted to secure the train and was shot dead without any evidence of guilt or legal proceedings first. Thus, using Gordon Allport's Intentional, Explicit Discrimination theory, the authors analyzed the types of racial discrimination in the movie Fruitvale Station. Racial discrimination includes verbal antagonism, avoidance, segregation, physical attacks, and extermination. The author’s method to collect data is qualitative descriptive by examining the Fruitvale Station movie to understand the movie as the primary data. The authors will also include the dialogue from the script as secondary data. The findings of this study reveal five discriminatory behaviors (particularly discrimination based on race) committed by white characters against African-American characters in this movie.
THE MEMORY OF MOTHER IN DISNEY’S FAIRY TALE MOVIES Pindy Indayanti; Rosma Tami; Ahmad
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.33746

Abstract

This study discusses the memory to the mothers in Disney’s fairy tale movies. This study aimed to analyze the princesses’ remembrances to their mothers and the effects of those remembrances by using the nostalgia theory by Linda Hutcheon. Three Disney movies, Cinderella, Beauty and The Beast, and Frozen II were studied using descriptive qualitative methods. The result of this study shows that the princesses remember their mothers due to adversities faced in their lives, and this memory is accessed through several media such as mother’s words, the mother’s old dress, the Lullaby, and places. It is also found that those remembrances empower the princesses and have many positive and significant effects on the princesses’ life, such as drawing strength and motivation, knowing the truth, reconstructing their identity, and maintaining self-identity. This positive effect occurs when the princesses have positive perspectives on the memory to past events. It means that it may have a negative effect if the past was taken as trauma or negative events. Furthermore, even though the late mothers can no longer have an influence on their children, their influence remains in the memory of the princesses. Keywords:
HIDDEN ADULT IN OKKY MADASARI’S CHILDREN’S BOOK, MATA DI TANAH MELUS Ahmad Ahmad; Ashabul Kahfi Susanto; Farooq Shah
Elite : English and Literature Journal Vol 9 No 2 (2022): (December) Literature
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/elite.v9i2.33988

Abstract

Okky Madasari is an Indonesian novelist who is popularly known as a critic who used to voice social criticism through her writings. However, such social criticism appears not only in her adult novels but also in her children’s novels. In 2018, she first published a children’s book entitled Mata di Tanah Melus, a novel that talks about the adventures of Matara, a 12-year-old girl in the land of Melus, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. This novel receives appreciation both from readers and scholars, and some scholars have examined how social criticism is reflected in the novel. However, none have analysed the reason why Madasari urges social criticism in this children’s book. Therefore, this research aims to discuss the complexity of this children’s book and to uncover why social criticism is insisted in Mata di Tanah Melus. This is descriptive analysis research in which the researchers’ attention focuses on the structure of the novel through close reading. Close reading here means the researchers read the novel several times in the way which Perry Nodelman has suggested: “reading as an adult versus reading as a child” in reading children’s fiction. The result shows that Mata di Tanah Melus is too complex for children’s readers. The complexity can be seen from the high-level language as well as the complicated idea of the story. The complicated issues are clearly seen from the way in which the author insists on social criticism as her ideology, as she has always done in her adult novels. Thus, this research is in line with Nodelman’s theory that there is always a hidden adult in children’s novels.

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