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Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015" : 8 Documents clear
Simple Mechanical Beneficiation Method of Coarse Fly Ash with High LOI for Making HVFA Mortar Antoni ,; Vindy Satrya; Djwantoro Hardjito
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.726 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.38-43

Abstract

This study focusses on the effect of milling of fly ash obtained from four different sources on the properties of high volume fly ash (HVFA) mortar. Two fly ash samples with low loss-on-ignition (LOI) were taken from a coal-fired power plant, while the other two with high LOIs were obtained from a textile factory and from a paper mill, respectively. Milling was performed using a rod mill at a certain period of time. The workability of HVFA mortar with constant water to cementitious ratio was controlled by adjusting the superplasticizer content. The results show that the specific gravity of fly ash increases after milling. Utilizing milled fly ash ends up with significant strength increase of HVFA mortar, especially those utilizing high LOI fly ash. This shows that milling is an excellent fly ash beneficiation technique, especially on the one with high LOI value.
Analytical Approach to Predict Pre–Camber Deflection of the Pre-stressed Glulam Beams Buan Anshari
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (514.901 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.44-49

Abstract

A new approach to reinforce glulam timber beams using compressed wood (CW) has been developed by the Author. The compressed wood blocks are inserted into pre-cut holes on the top of glulam beams to produce pre-camber and to generate initial tensile and compressive stresses on the top and on the bottom extreme fiber of the glulam beam, respectively. A simple analytical approach has been developed to predict pre-camber deflections of the beams reinforced with three CW blocks. Assuming that moisture-dependent expansion of the CW block creates an interactive linear pressure between the glulam beam and the CW block, this would generate a pair of eccentric force away from the neutral axis of the beam. It is shown that the pre-camber deflection predicted at midspan of the short beams with various reinforcing arrangements give good agreement with the measured pre-camber from previous experimental results.
Construction Labour Productivity as a Correlate of Project Performance: An Empirical Evidence for Wall Plastering Activity Isaac Abiodun Odesola
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.028 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.1-10

Abstract

Construction labour productivity has always been believed to be associated with project performance but empirical evidence for this assertion is scarce in literature. This study aims at determining the relationship between construction labour productivity and project performance. Hence, the study evaluates: construction labour productivity, time and cost overruns in wall plastering activity of selected completed public building projects. A survey of 180 purposively sampled public building projects was conducted. Data were collected through project inventory sheet and analysed using ANOVA and Pearson Product Moment Correlation. The results indicate that there is a strong negative correlation between construction labour productivity and cost and time overruns. It also shows that there is no variation in cost and time overruns among the states in the study area. The study therefore, recommends that stakeholders in the construction industry should emphasis the use of productivity improvement strategies on building sites to enhance project performance.
Preliminary Report on the Effect of Pre-Boring on the Mobilized Friction Capacity of Pile Foundation Hydraulically Jacked into Expansive Soil Gogot Setyo Budi
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (549.024 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.50-53

Abstract

Pre-drilling was performed to reduce lateral earth pressure generated by pile foundation hydraulically jacked into expansive soil. Nineteen prestressed-precast spun concrete pile with diameter of 800 mm were penetrated into expansive soil up the depth of 40 m. Pre-drilling with diameter of 700 mm was carried out up to the depth of 12.5 m. Penetration loads required to install the piles, which was displayed on the built-in pressure panel, were recorded every 1 m interval. The load that was consisted of merely shaft friction was then used to find out the mobilized skin friction between pile shaft and its surrounding soils. The calculated mobilized skin friction was correlated to the value of Standard Penetration Test (NSPT) and compared to Decourt formula. The result shows that skin friction calculated using Decourt formula relatively conservative compared to those determined from the records of field penetration. The upper bound of mobilized skin friction can be defined by modifying Decourt formula.
A Discussion of Obser-View as a Method of Generating Data in the Construction Industry Nnedinma I. Umeokafor
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.991 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.54-58

Abstract

This study demonstrates the paradigmatic position of obser-view and argues for the incorporation of reflectivity in obser-view to foster rigorous data generation. Aimed at introducing obser-view to the construction industry as a method of generating data, this study critically examines obser-view, exploring its application to construction research. Obser-view is an emerging data collection technique developed by Kragelund in 2006, where a non-scripted interview immediately post-observation is conducted. This helps to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. Although researchers adopt various strategies to ensure rigor in qualitative research, there are still concerns in relation to validity, reliability, bias and objectivity in qualitative research. However, developing strategies that will help in gaining a deeper understanding of the phenomenon in study and tackling the aforementioned challenges will help in ensuring transparency in qualitative research. A review of literature is presented, the limitations and benefits of obser-view are also presented.
Characteristics of Bamboo Leaf Ash Blended Cement Paste and Mortar Akaninyene A Umoh; Isaac Abiodun Odesola
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (522.127 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.22-28

Abstract

The use of bamboo leaf ash as cement supplement can contribute to reduction in cost and environmental hazard associated with cement production as well as waste pollution caused by the littered bamboo leaves. Therefore, the characteristics of cement paste and mortar incorporating bamboo leaf ash were investigated. The results of the physical properties of the pastes were within the requirements stipulated by relevant standards while that of the mortar cubes indicated that the compressive strength generally increased with curing age, and that the mix containing 15% Bamboo Leaf Ash (BLA) by mass competes favorably with that of the reference mix at 28days and above. The water absorption and apparent porosity were observed to increase with increase in BLA content, while the bulk density decreases as the percentage of BLA increases from 5% to 25% by mass. The study concluded that 15% BLA replacing cement is adequate for the production of masonry mortar.
The Characteristics of Asphalt Concrete Binder Course (AC-BC) Mixture with Bottom Ash as Aggregate Substitute Gito Sugiyanto; A. Harmawan; B. Mulyono
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (544.571 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.29-37

Abstract

Highways serve nearly 80-90% of the population mobility and flow of goods. Utilization of bottom ash, a waste from coal combustion, in highway construction is one of the alternatives to reduce environmental pollution and support Clean Development Mechanism Program of Kyoto Protocol. The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of AC-BC mixture that uses bottom ash as partial substitute of fine aggregate and comparing with a standard mixture. Laboratory tests are performed on two different types of mixtures. The tests show that optimum asphalt content for AC-BCStandard mixture is 5.20% while AC-BCBottom Ash mixture is 5.25%. Bottom ash has higher porosity along with a little break field and has round shape so that the asphalt absorption is bigger than the crushed stone. Bottom ash can be used as an alternative aggregate to increase the value of flow of the AC-BC mixture, thus converting waste to valuable material.
Characteristics of Motorcycle Ownership and Use of University Students in Malaysian and Indonesian Cities Leksmono Suryo Putranto; Joewono Prasetijo; N.P.S.E. Setyarini
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 17 No. 1 (2015): MARCH 2015
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2909.64 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.17.1.11-21

Abstract

Motorcycle ownership and use increased rapidly in Indonesian cities in recent years. People could not cope with severe congestion due to unsatisfactory public transport and uncontrolled land use delopment. This led to motorcycle use for almost any trip. However, in Malaysia motorcycles were mainly used for local short distance travel. In this paper the characteristics of motorcycle ownership and use of university students in Malaysian and Indonesian cities were discussed. A total of 398 university students in eight cities were asked to fill the questionnaires. They consist of general questions regarding their socio-economic back-ground and travel habit along with 25 perceptional questions regarding affordability/ attractiveness of owning motorcycle and practicability/safety of motorcycle use. A variance based structural equation modelling called partial least square-path modelling (PLS-PM) was used for analysis. The results show that indicators explaining affordability and acceptability were exactly the same in Penang and combination of seven cities in Indonesia.

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