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Jurnal Ecosolum
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 22527923     EISSN : 2654430X     DOI : -
Jurnal Ecosolum (JES) adalah jurnal berkalah ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Departemen Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Hasanuddin. Jurnal ini berisi hasil-hasil penghiliran penelitian pada bidang ilmu pertanian, kehutanan, geologi, geografi, hidrologi, dan penginderaan jauh. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dua kali dalam setahun yaitu pada Juni dan Desember.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 62 Documents
KONSEPTUALISASI SUMBER JASA DAN KERUGIAN EKOSISTEM BERDASARKAN KARAKTERISTIK TANAH DI SUB DAS KEMPO, NTB : Conceptualization of Ecosystem Services and Disservices Sources Based on Soil Characteristics in the Kempo Sub-watershed, NTB Ratih Winastuti; Muhammad Anggri Setiawan; Evita Hanie Pangaribowo
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

One of the natural characteristics of a watershed that ensures the sustainability of ecosystem services is soil. The sustainability of ecosystem services in the Kempo sub-watershed related to soil conditions tends to be in a worrying condition because the sub-watershed is classified as critical. This study aims to describe the relationship between soil characteristics and the sustainability of ecosystem services in the Kempo sub-watershed. Data were obtained from surveys, literature studies, and on-screen digitization of Google Earth images in 2010 and 2019. Modeling of causal loop diagrams using Vensim software. The results show a tendency for ecosystem disservices to occur due to deforestation, which is characterized by the dominance of the negative/balancing behavior type, compared to the positive/reinforcing type. Soil conditions tend to be less supportive of the sustainability of ecosystem services due to high deforestation and intensive monoculture land cultivation. Important changes in the system can be made by addressing deforestation as a significant influence on negative feedback on soil conditions. The CLD model can be used in the development of a framework for assessing ecosystem services and disservices both qualitatively and quantitatively, so further research needs to build dynamic system modeling using Stock Flow Diagrams (SFD).
EVALUASI KEMAMPUAN LAHAN PADA LAHAN PERTANIAN DI KABUPATEN TAKALAR: Analysis of Land Capability Farmland in Takalar Regency Tegar Ilham; Rismaneswati; Muhammad Nathan
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): DESEMBER
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The dry land and paddy fields in Takalar Regency are quite extensive which have the potential to support efforts to maintain food security. Land potential can be estimated based on the land capability class. This study aims to determine the potential of dry land and paddy fields in Takalar Regency by using the land capability evaluation method. This research was conducted in Takalar Regency using a descriptive survey method. The field survey used the free survey method on several land units in paddy fields and dry land. Socio-economic data were collected by conducting interviews with farmers in each unit of land analysis. Mapping of land capability classes using Arc-GIS 10.3 software. The study used a simple, qualitative bounding approach developed by USDA (1975) with the criteria for land capability by Arsyad (2010). This study shows that on dry land there are several land capability classes with their respective sub-classes, namely IIIes, IIItews, IVt, IVw, VIt, and VIIt. In paddy fields, there are land grade classes IIIes, IIIews and IVw. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that on dry land there is a land capability class, there is a land capability class III , class IV, class VI, and class VI with the dominant limiting factors, namely slopes, erosion, and waterlogging (drainage and flood threat). Meanwhile, the paddy fields consist of class III, and class IV with the dominant limiting factors, namely erosion, drainage, and soil depth.  
Pola Sebaran Retensi dan Ketersediaan Hara pada Toposekuen Lahan Jagung di Desa Pilolaheya, Kabupaten Bone Bolango: Distribution Patterns of Retention and Nutrition Availability at Maize Land Toposequens in Pilolaheya Village, Bone Bolango Regency Nurdin Kyai Baderan; Nangsi Ismail; Fitriah Suryani Jamin
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 11 No. 1 (2022): JUNI
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Information on land quality as the basis for land management in maize cultivation at the site level is very important, but generally not always available. Study aimed to determine the distribution pattern of nutrient retention and availability in Pilolaheya Village, Bone Bolango Regency. This study used soil survey and deskwork methods to analyze data of nutrient retention (organic C-OC, pH, base saturation-BS, cation exchange capacity-CEC), total N, P2O5, and K2O for nutrient availability. The result shows that the distribution pattern of nutrient retention in corn topose sequences for soil pH on the lower slopes, base saturation on the lower and middle slopes tended to increase with soil depth, while soil pH on the upper slopes, OC and BS on the upper slopes tended to be the opposite., while the soil pH on the middle slope, OC on the lower and middle slopes, and the CEC of all slopes tended to be irregular with the depth of the soil. The distribution pattern of nutrient availability for Total N on the lower and middle slopes, and P2O5 on all slopes tends to be irregular with soil depth, while the total N on the upper slope tends to decrease with soil depth, while the distribution pattern of K2O on the middle and upper slopes tends to be the same, but inversely proportional to the distribution pattern on the downslope
Pengaruh Pemberian Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) Asal Akar Tanaman Bambu Terhadap Pertumbuhan Kecambah Padi: Effect of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) Bamboo Roots on Rice Sprout Growth Hamdayanty Hamdayanty; Asman; Kiki Widya Sari; Sal Sabila Attahira
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 11 No. 1 (2022): JUNI
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Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the food commodities that have an important role that is used as a staple food for most of the world's population, especially in Indonesia. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) is one of the bioorganic fertilizer that can be used to stimulate plant growth. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of PGPR to support seed germination. The first step is to make PGRP from bamboo roots with 3 methods. PGPR was then tested to see the germination of rice seeds through the rolled paper test method. The provision of PGPR has little effect on the length of the root length of rice sprouts. The root length of the PGPR treatment is 10.68 cm while the control is 10.45 cm. This shows that the PGPR treatment has a fairly good impact on the development of sprouted rice roots. PGPR treatment has an effect on the wet and dry weight of roots and shoots of rice sprouts. The average wet and dry weight of the PGPR treatment were higher than the control treatment. PGPR is recommended to be given to obtain rice yields to obtain better quality and quantity of rice plants.
THE EFFECT OF PLANT DISTANCE IN INTERCROPPING PATTERN AND FERTILIZATION ON THE PRODUCTION OF CASAVA (Manihot esculenta Crantz) VARIETY OF ELEPHANT IN SIKKA DISTRICT Yovita Yasintha Bolly
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.12200

Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a local food that has long been cultivated and consumed by almost all people in Sikka Regency. In cultivating cassava, farmers generally still use traditional techniques so that it has not had an impact on increasing cassava production. Cassava production can be improved through several efforts, namely using superior varieties, setting planting distance, and fertilizing activities according to plant needs. This study aimed to determine the effect of planting distance and types of inorganic fertilizers on cassava production in the Sikka Regency. This research was designed using a factorial randomized block design, namely planting distance (T) and type of fertilizer (P). Each factor consists of several levels that combine six treatments, including T2P0, T2P1, T2P2, T3P0, T3P1, and T3P2. Each treatment was repeated three times to obtain 18 experimental units. Observation variables include the number of tubers per plant and tuber wet weight per plant. Observation data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results showed that the addition of Urea, SP36, and NPK Phonska (complete) fertilizers could increase the wet weight of cassava at a planting distance of 2x1 m. and the planting distance of 2x1 m had a significant effect on the number of tubers/plant, and at the planting distance of 1x1 m supported by fertilization was able to increase the wet weight of tubers/plants.
CONSERVATION STRATEGY ANALYSIS IN UPSTREAM WATERSHEAD: CASE STUDY IN CIMANDIRI WATERSHEAD La Gandri; Sahindomi Bana
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.13100

Abstract

The calibration result of Tank Model on DTA SPAS Cumucang-Cimandiri by using rainfall data, evapotranspiration and land cover in 2009 shows that the determination coeffient  equal to 0,77 to aktual discharge and model output discharge. Validation results using 2014/2015 datas shows a strong relationship between the actual discharge and the model output discharge with a determination coefficient of 0,805 and generate an average daily discharge value of 1,057 m3sec-1, a maximum discharge value of 6,68 m3sec-1, and minimum discharge value of 0,072 m3sec-1. The Model show the hydrological conditions are in moderate category with KRS value of 93,2238. Based on the analysis of internal and external factors using SWOT analysis, it was found that the management strategy of DTA SPAS Cimuncang-Cimandiri was in the SO position (Quadran I).  The conservation strategy is to keep the forest area in a state of > 30% and optimize environmental funds and services to foster people's creativity to improve welfare. As an alternative strategy that can be applied to keep the DTA SPAS Cimuncang-Cimandiri remains in  good conditions  is to make efforts of soil and water conservation such as absorption wells on settlements and making terraces on rice fields. The implementation of this conservation strategy can reduce the value of KRS to obtain of 54,326.
KAJIAN DAMPAK LIMBAH KELAPA SAWIT TERHADAP KUALITAS PERAIRAN SUNGAI BUDONG-BUDONG SULAWESI BARAT: A Study on the Impact of Palm Oil Waste Industry on Water Quality in the Budong-Budong River, West Sulawesi Syamriati Muallim
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.13367

Abstract

The Budong-Budong River is widely used for community needs, especially clean water and water sources from the Regional Drinking Water Company (PDAM), so it is necessary to maintain its water quality so that it is following its designation. This research was conducted to determine the quality of the Budong-Budong River waters, which were affected by the activities of oil palm companies in Central Mamuju. The research objective was to determine the parameter values ​​of temperature, pH, DO, BOD, COD, TSS, Fatty Oil, sediment quality, macrozoobenthos ecological index, and status Budong-Budong river water quality affected by palm oil waste. The research was conducted at five observation points, namely company outlets, IPAL, before company, after company, creeks, rivers, each with three replications. Water samples were taken using horizontal dorm vans, and sediment samples taken using Ekman Grab. The results showed that the water quality status of the Budong-Budong River at the Outlets and WWTPs exceeded the palm oil industry of wastewater quality standards, while the waters before and after the company and river bodies were categorized as lightly polluted. This is due to the high levels of organic matter and other parameters at the Outlet and WWTP that have not undergone decomposition. Generally, aquatic sediment is clay textured, while the Diversity Index value tends to be heavily polluted according to water quality criteria based on diversity, while uniformity, macrozoobenthos dominance indicates unstable, stressed, and high dominance water conditions.
KEEFEKTIFAN MEDIA ECENG GONDOK Eichornia crassipes DAN Eichornia azurea SEBAGAI FITOREMEDIATOR DALAM MENGABSORBSI Cr6+ DI LIMBAH CAIR PERTAMBANGAN NIKEL Dewi Safitri; Baharuddin; Syahrul M
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.13689

Abstract

Nickel is part of mining products. Nickel can be used for various human needs, but extracting nickel ore uses an open-pit method that produces liquid waste. CV. Unaha Bakti Persada uses sediment pond method and has 1.02 ppm of Cr6+, which is still above the standard quality standard of 0.1 ppm. This phenomenon is the basis for the need for Cr6+ liquid waste treatment through the phytoremediation method. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the toxicity of Cr6+, (2) the reproduction of water hyacinths, (3) the absorption of Cr6+, and (4) the effectiveness of the phytoremediation method. The research used phytoremediation media of water hyacinth E. crassipes and E. azurea for 12 days and the experimental design was RAL with 2 factorials, 3 treatments and 2 repetitions. The results showed signs of toxicity in water hyacinth E. crassipes from Cr6 +, such as the faster the leaves dry out, the plants rot. The propagation of the vegetative phase only occurs in water hyacinth E. azurea, which is indicated by the presence of new stems and leaves. The absorption of water hyacinth E. crassipes 0.49 ppm, E. azurea 0.92 ppm and a combination of E. crassipes and E. azurea -0.47 ppm. The effectiveness of water hyacinth E. crassipes 48.04%, E. azurea 90.02% and the combination of E. crassipes and E. azurea -8.82%
POTENSI KONFLIK PENGGUNAAN LAHAN PERSAWAHAN DI KABUPATEN GOWA PADA KAWASAN STRATEGIS NASIONAL MAMMINASATA: Potential Conflicts of The Rice Field Land-Use in Gowa District on Mamminasata National Strategic Area Zulkarnain Chairuddin; Pratama Putra; Sumbangan Baja
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.13959

Abstract

The rate of the population growth was accompanied with the increased number of economic growth year by year in Gowa District on the KSN Mamminasata trigger the competition of using the potential land leading to the land-use conflicts. This research aims to assess the rice field land-use potential conflicts. The map of land-use, the map of spatial pattern of RTRW in Gowa District, and the agricultural land for sustainable food crops zonation map was interpreted and collated to get a general overview of potential land-use conflicts that may occur and determine potential conflicts of government regulation sector. Then interviews were conducted with farmers using a purposive sampling questionnaire method to determine their land use preferences for the land they currently manage. It is then tabulated in the form of a typology to describe the distribution of potential land use conflicts. The results showed that the existing irrigated rice fields in Gowa District spread over nine sub-districts which all are included in the KSN Mamminasata with the total area at 19,053.27 ha and the rest of 4,229.65 ha were not included in the plan of the wetland agricultural areas, yet those belong to in residential and educational areas. In addition, there was land at 2,493.26 ha included in the zonation ALSF and ARLSF. There were 17 villages which had the higher number of rice field preferences than the residential preferences. The differences from these land-use preferences can trigger into the land-use conflicts between the parties occurred.
IMPACT OF PANDEMIC COVID-19 ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND AGRICULTURE IN THE PROVINCE OF GORONTALO Iswan Dunggio; Sofyan Abdullah; Risma Neswati
Jurnal Ecosolum Vol. 10 No. 1 (2021): JUNI
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20956/ecosolum.v10i1.14235

Abstract

Corona virus disease Covid-19 is a deadly virus and was first discovered in Wuhan, China.This virus has spread throughout the world and has an impact on the environment and Agriculture.The impact on the environment is an increase in waste congeries, a decrease in energy consumption, a decrease in air pollution, while the impact of Covid-19 on the Indonesian economy includes negative economic growth, an increase in the number of poor people and an increase in unemployment. This study aims to analyze the impact of Covid-19 on the environment and agriculture in Gorontalo Province.This study uses a qualitative approach where data is collected from interviews and literature searches from official sources.The results showed that the impact of Covid-19 on environmental conditions in Gorontalo Province, among others, was an increase in waste production by 9.17% during Covid-19 in 2020, and an increase in the use of medical waste for Covid-19 by 33.3% in the fourth quarter of 2020.The use of electrical energy has increased by 6.7% during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020. As for impact on agriculture contribution of the agricultural sector to GDP was relatively stable, rice production increase 4.1%, but fish production fell by 0.18% and coconut fell 0.11%. This condition can raise farmers term of trade during the 3rd and 4th quarters in 2020