cover
Contact Name
Johni R. V. Korwa
Contact Email
johnikorwa@gmail.com
Phone
+6282199251848
Journal Mail Official
pjdir.uncen2021@gmail.com
Editorial Address
The International Relations Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Cenderawasih University. Jl. Kamp Wolker, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia, 99351
Location
Kota jayapura,
P a p u a
INDONESIA
Papua Journal Of Diplomacy And International Relations
ISSN : -     EISSN : 27970957     DOI : https://doi.org/10.31957/
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations (PJDIR) is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal published by the International Relations Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Cenderawasih University, in collaboration with the Indonesian Association for International Relations (AIHII). As a region located strategically between Asia and the Pacific, the International Relations Study Program in Papua is committed to becoming a research center of excellence for disseminating original articles. This journal accepts articles covering the issues in the field of diplomacy and international relations from researchers and practitioners with interests in those issues. The PJDIR is published twice a year in May and November. The focus and scope of Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations (PJDIR) are listed below, but not limited to: Diplomacy International Security International Political Economy Transnational Issues Foreign Policy Analysis Conflict Resolution Regional Studies International Border Human Rights in International Relations Gender in International Relations Other issues related to Diplomacy and International Relations
Articles 15 Documents
Participation of Indigenous Papuan Women at the Skouw Border Market, Indonesia–PNG Kristien Maryen; Yakoba Womsiwor; Claudia Conchita Renyoet
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (651.39 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1794

Abstract

This article aims to scrutinize the extent of participation of Indigenous Papuan Women in the Skouw Border Market and the challenges they encounter. The Skouw market contributes to Indonesia’s economic development where Indigenous Papuan traders and Nusantara traders (non-Papuans) are the drivers. This study adopted qualitative research, while primary and secondary data were collected through interviews, observations, and library research. By using an Indigenous feminism approach, this article demonstrates several points: 1) the participation of indigenous Papuan women in the Skouw market is pretty deficient compared to Nusantara traders, thereby providing guidance and initial capital from the government to enable Papuan women is required; 2) commodities sold by Indigenous Papuan women should be expanded – not only focusing on farming products but need to sell commodities similar to those of Nusantara traders; 3) if indigenous Papuan women continue to face marginalization and get limited access to the Skouw market, this could be seen as a new form of colonization for Papuan women. KEYWORDSIndigenous; Indonesia; Papua; PNG; Skouw
Dampak Perubahan Iklim di Pasifik Selatan: Ancaman Naiknya Permukaan Air Laut Terhadap Eksistensi Negara dan Penduduk Kiribati Melpayanty Sinaga; Yusril Yusril
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (845.308 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i1.1672

Abstract

Climate change is a complex and globalizing environmental issue that occurs almost all over the world, including the South Pacific islands. This article aims to examine the impacts of climate change on the Pacific community, marked by a sea-level rise that threatens the existence of the country and its population – particularly the Republic of Kiribati. This study also investigates the role of the Kiribati government in planning future strategies in response to the threat of rising sea levels. By using descriptive qualitative analysis, it found that Kiribati became one of the countries in the South Pacific whose existence and inhabitants would be threatened by the sea level rise in the near future. The impacts felt by the people of Kiribati thus far included storm surges, typhoons, floods, sea-level rise, seawater intrusion, and drought. However, the sea-level rise became the most experienced phenomenon by households in Kiribati. The Kiribati government has developed three strategies: adaptation, mitigation, and relocation. Adaptation and mitigation are identified as priorities while considering relocation as the last option.KEYWORDSClimate Change; Kiribati; Pacific; Sea Level Rise
Jayapura City Development, Plastic Waste, and Enggros Village Community: A Green Theory Perspective Ellysabeth Surat Lelan; Kustanti Hariwati Dalle
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.302 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1788

Abstract

This article aims to examine the impact of plastic waste and the expansion of Jayapura city on the people of Enggros village from a green theory perspective. This perspective, which is often considered one of the counter standpoints in international relations, puts forward an environmentally-grounded perspective from the traditional focus on humans. This study adopted descriptive-qualitative analysis as well as library research methods to collect data.  Several findings are summarized: 1) the problem of plastic waste in Enggros village is an environmental crisis that needs to be addressed because it has an impact on the decline in fish populations, difficulty accessing clean water, and contamination of mangrove forests; 2) development in the context of modernization in Jayapura city should prioritize the environmental aspects of sustainable development; 3) cooperation from various stakeholders is required – both state and non-state actors – in overcoming the environmental crisis in Enggros village; 4) strengthening the capacity of the indigenous Enggros is required, considering them as important stewards who will protect their environment in the future.KEYWORDSEnggros; Green Theory; Jayapura; Plastic 
USAID BERSAMA Project: Examining Gender-Based Violence Prevention in Eastern Indonesia (Case Study: Sentani District, Papua) Lea Yarona
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.535 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i1.1673

Abstract

Almost all countries have undertaken a host of policies, public education, and action programs to reduce Gender-Based Violence (GBV), including Indonesia. This article aims to illustrate how GBV occurs in Indonesia’s Papua province, particularly in Sentani district; and how a project funded by USAID manages to create awareness in the area. This paper used a qualitative approach. The data collected from books, journals, web pages on the internet, as well as the author’s personal observation when becoming an assistant field officer of a local civil society organization partnering with the USAID BERSAMA Project. This article found that the Project has raised awareness of GBV in Sentani, and potentially resulted in behavior change. This can be seen from the commitment of some participants in the FGDs to change the way they treat each other; not to mention the grass-roots support from chiefs in the respective villages. Nevertheless, the project has weaknesses in implementation process: the modules used by CSOs did not suit the Papuan context in certain circumstances, the FGDs were in the short-run, and changing behavior was not an easy task. This study also found that social norms marketing could be the alternative approach to make changes concerning GBV in Sentani district.KEYWORDSGender-Based Violence; Sentani; USAID
Memahami Konflik Bougainville di Papua Nugini: Analisis Kronologi, Aktor, Motivasi dan Penyebab Konflik Paulus RT Paramma; Maria Lewuk; Robinhot Sagala; Imelda Elosak
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (887.068 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1790

Abstract

The Bougainville civil war is perhaps the most protracted conflict, attracting attention from the PNG government and the international community. This article aims to examine the analysis of the conflict in Bougainville between 1988 and 1998, thereby lessons learned can be taken for conflict prevention worldwide today. This study used a model analysis approach introduced by Fisher et al. and popularized by Lisa Schrich, namely when (timeline), why (motivation), who (actor), and what (cause and effect). The results indicate: 1) PNG government failed to anticipate unexpected events; 2) several factors contributed to the Bougainville conflict, including the division of the colonies and the geographical location of Bougainville, cultural differences and the identity of the Bougainvillean people, economic factors, inequality in mining distribution; 3) the main actors identified were the PNG Government, BCL, and BRA as parties to the conflict, while actors determined to defuse the conflict in Bougainville included the United Nations, Australia, New Zealand, and women's groups; 4) PNG is a sovereign state interested in political and economic control, while the BRA demands participation, freedom, and justice.KEYWORDSBougainville Conflict; Bougainville Revolutionary Army; Papua New Guinea
Sanksi Ekonomi Amerika Serikat Terhadap Iran Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) Meyland S.F. Wambrauw; Mathius Apintamon
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (659.348 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i1.1674

Abstract

This study examines why the United States (US) imposes economic sanctions against Iran during the Covid-19 pandemic and the impacts on the ongoing tensions between the two countries. By adopting qualitative descriptive analysis, the study found that the US enforced a series of economic sanctions on Iran because it was considered a threat to US economic and strategic interests in the region. Not only did the US apply sanctions on foreign-affiliated companies assisting Iranian people's health services due to the indication of financing of terrorism, but the US also blacklisted several Iranian officials for human rights violations. The US even convinced the IMF not to provide 'emergency loan funds' to Iran. As a consequence, Iran found it difficult to get access to medicines and medical equipment which was fundamentally important to fight the outbreak of the Covid-19. Iran previously struggled with US economic sanctions, and the further sanctions during the Covid-19 had exacerbated the country's situation. It is also worth noting that the US, in this context, ignored the aspect of human life in Iran because of its sanctions during the Covid-19 pandemic.KEYWORDSCovid-19; Iran; Sanctions; United States
The Implications of Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage in Taiwan Nadia Magdalena; Apriani A. Amenes
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.472 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1817

Abstract

This article intends to examine the background of Taiwan’s legalization of same-sex marriage in 2019 and its implications for the Asian region. It argues that such legalization is not only to ensure marriage equality in Taiwan but is also likely to create a snowball effect on the regional level. This study utilizes the concept of equality to discern the struggle of same-sex couples in advocating for their right to marry. The success of Taiwan can undoubtedly proffer a new spirit for the LGBT community in the region. This study was conducted in qualitative research, while the data collected from secondary sources include relevant articles, books, and webpage on a website. This article found that Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam are potentially the following countries to approve same-sex marriage after Taiwan. The reasons are that they are considered open-minded countries, their track record in responding to the issue of same-sex marriage, and the struggles of non-governmental organizations, activists, the LGBT community, and pride festivals in these countries. However, some conservative, authoritarian and religious countries in Asia will not be likely to accept same-sex marriage.KEYWORDSConcept of equality; LGBT; same-sex couples; same-sex marriage; Taiwan
Upaya Pemerintah Indonesia Dalam Menangani Kasus Perdagangan Orang: Studi Kasus Pengantin Pesanan (Mail-Order Brides) Indonesia–China Ariella A. Yoteni
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.523 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i1.1669

Abstract

This article examines the extent to which the Indonesian government has made efforts in handling the Mail-Order Brides (MOB) Indonesia–China as part of trafficking in persons. Indonesia has been a country of origin, transit, and destination for victims over the years, thereby making this topic crucial. This study adopted a qualitative descriptive analysis, whilst data collection techniques were library research and online research. This article found that the Indonesian government had been effective in solving the MOB cases. The efforts, undertaken by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Directorate General of Immigration, and the Chinese Embassy in Jakarta, had contributed significantly to the case study–where nearly 80% of the total cases reported between 2015 and 2019 were successfully resolved. In so doing, the Indonesian government also faced challenges; one of which was the lack of cooperation from the Chinese government– differences in views in the MOB cases. The results of this study include recommendations for public awareness campaigns for MOB, integration of transnational crime subjects in the education curriculum, and so forth.                                            KEYWORDSChina; Indonesia; Mail-Order Brides; Trafficking
Restrictions on Freedom of Expression Under Chinese President Xi Jinping in the Globalization Era Rusnandi Rusnandi
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 2, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v2i1.2031

Abstract

Much literature has highlighted the current Chinese government’s restriction on freedom of expression on the internet and religious freedom. However, very little research has examined the nexus between freedom of expression in China and globalization. This article aims to offer a view on President Xi Jinping’s increasing autocracy over the freedom of expression and its implications on China’s performance in this globalizing world. A qualitative approach was utilized in this study and data were collected via library research. It was found that China’s increasing autocracy under Xi Jinping, as shown in its tightening controls on online freedom of expression and rules on religious freedom, has created a setback for China’s participation in globalization. This argument lies in two basic assumptions. Firstly, the spirit of globalization enables people to interact around the globe more freely in any way, while China’s government restricts such interaction. Secondly, as a significant global player, China shows little respect for the freedom of religion. Accordingly, it violates the globalization of religious liberty, which is considered a universal human right in the 21st century. KEYWORDSChina; freedom of expression; globalization; religious freedom
Pengaruh Presiden Joko Widodo pada Penguatan Peran Diplomasi Ekonomi di Indonesia Jhon Maxwell Yosua Pattinussa
Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (87.688 KB) | DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1734

Abstract

The interactions between countries today are almost based on the interests of capital accumulation, particularly with the increase in new regionalism worldwide as if forcing the world’s nations to join or be left behind. Indonesia also encounters such circumstances and should respond to new challenges in global politics by taking a free and active stance using economic diplomacy as one of its main instruments. This article, using individual-level analysis, attempts to explain how President Joko Widodo strongly influences the increasing role of economic diplomacy. It also provides an overview of the relationship between political personality and the perception of President Widodo with economic diplomacy by adopting the rational actor model-foreign policy decision-making process. This article identified four critical things in strengthening the role of economic diplomacy for Indonesia: 1) changing interests in the reality of modern state interactions; 2) the possibility of taking policy alternatives; 3) individual analysis (leader) in seeing the risks and opportunities; 4) decision-making by the President.  KEYWORDSDiplomacy; Indonesia; International Politics; Joko Widodo

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