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Peronema Forestry Science Journal
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Articles 304 Documents
UJI INFEKSI Phaeophleospora spp. PADA KLON HIBRID Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla Paulus Stefan S. N; Nelly Anna; Edy Batara Mulya Siregar
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Eucalyptus is a species that widely used in pulping industry. Phaeophleospora is one of the pathogens that attack the leaves of young Eucalyptus plant. The purposes of this research were to characterize the leaf disease symptoms and to measure disease severity and disease incidence caused by Phaeophleospora spp. on two-month-old IND 47, IND 61, dan IND 66 Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla hybrid clones. Inoculation was implemented with spray method. The leaves symptoms caused by Phaeophleospora showed the same symptoms on clones IND 47, IND 61, and IND 66. The early symptoms were the yellow dots on the upperside of the leaves and then developed into spots. The advanced symptoms were reddish spots on the upperside of the leaves and black spores on the underside of the leaves. Three clones were classified as resistant in disease severity measurement, meanwhile in disease incidence measurement, three clones were classified as moderately resistant. Keywords : Phaeophleospora, infection test, symptoms, resistant
Uji Infeksi Cylindrocladium sp pada Tiga Klon Hibrid Eucalyptus grandis x eucalyptus pellita Ervan F. Hutajulu; Nelly Anna; Edy Batara Mulya Siregar
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

One of the diseases that attack in the Eucalyptus nursery is Cylindrocladium causing Cylindrocladium foliar spots and foliar blight disease. Cylindrocladium found in eucalyptus nurseries PT Toba Pulp Lestari . According Sembiring (2008) research, Cylindrocladium fungal virulence is the highest of the pathogen found in nurseries . This study aimed to characterize the symptoms of foliar diseases caused by Cylindrocladium on the derived crosses hybrid clones of the type of Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus pellita and measure the level of the intensity of the attack, the extent of the attack, as well as the reaction of plants (resistance) of the hybrid clones of Eucalyptus grandis x E. pellita. Infection is done by spraying inoculants fungi on leaves of three clones seedling of E. grandis x E. pellita age of two months, Clone IND 32, Clone IND 33 and Clone IND 45. The symptoms of infection that appearon leaves then reisolated by the method of Koch's postulates. Symptoms caused by infection Cylindrocladium on E. grandis x E. pellita leaves is blight disease. Symptoms begin with yellowish brown spots and will be widened (necrotic) then continue in severe leaf tissue death. The  incubation period for infection of Cylindrocladium faster seen in clone IND 45, but the pace of progress has been slow. In clone IND 32 and IND 33 the incubation period of infection longer appear, but the pace of progress are most intense. Cylindrocladium infection does not affect the growth (resistance) of E. grandis x E. pellita seed age of two months. Key Words: Eucalyptus sp, Cylindrocladium sp, Infection Test, Leave Blight Disease
UJI INFEKSI Cylindrocladium sp. PADA KLON HIBRID Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla (INFECTION TEST Cylindrocladium sp. ON HYBRID CLONES OF Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla) Junita Herawati Hutasuhut; Nelly Anna; Edy Batara Mulya Siregar
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Eucalyptus leaf sp. is a fast-growing plant species as raw material pulp industry at large.  At the time of this plant breeding susceptible to deases. One is a deseases caused by a fungal leaf Cylindrocladium sp. The objectives of this research aims to characterize the symptoms of foliar diseases and measure the intensity and widespread attacks caused by Cylindrocladium sp. the clone IND 47, IND 61 and IND 66. Infection done bye spraying inoculants fungi in this experiment used three clone of plant E. grandis x E. urophylla age of two month from the observation of the symptoms of the diseases symptoms appear, calculated intensity and widespread attacks. The results showed symptoms on leaves caused by infection Cylindrocladium sp. the three clones have the same symptoms are red spots on the leaf surface and then develop into red-brown spots. In measuring the intensity of the attacks and extensive third attack resisten clones are clones Keywords: Cylindrocladium sp., Hybrid Clones of Eucalyptus, Infection Test
Pengaruh Pemberian Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) Terhadap Kandungan Logam Timbal (Pb) pada Tanaman Sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) Juneith O S Nadeak; Delvian Delvian; Deni Elfiati
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Plumbum (Pb) is an environmental contaminant that risk for human’s health, reducing soil fungtion and productivity and damage for plants. Therefore, remediation is need to do such as bioremediation using AMF and sengon as a host. A research was conducted to knowing the effect of the addition of AMF for Pb content on Sengon in green house of Agriculture USU. Analyze of Pb metal was done at Research Laboratory of Pharmacy USU on October 2014- February 2015 using faktorial completely randomize design with two faktors, i.e Pb addition (0 and 400 ppm) and doses of mycorrhiza inoculation (0, 25 and 50 g). Parameters measured were root colonization, plant height, stem diameter, root drying weight, crown drying weight, crown root ratio, root Pb content, crown Pb content and soil Pb content after harvest.The results showed that Pb addition affected significantly on plant height, Pb content on root, crown and soil after harvesting parameter. Inoculation of mycorrhiza affected significantly on plant height, stem diameter, drying weight of root and crown. Inoculation of mycorrhiza did not significant on Pb content but capable to increasing Pb content on root, crown and soil. The interaction of the two faktors did not affected significantly on all parameters. Key words: Sengon, Pb, AMF
INVENTARISASI TANAMAN MPTS (MULTY PURPOSE TREE SPECIES) DI DAERAH TANGKAPAN AIR DANAU TOBA PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA Samuel Marpaung; Afifuddin Dalimunthe; Budi Utomo
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

This research aims to determine the types of MPTS, silvicultural techniques, plant benefits, the role of plant MPTS and peoples perception if the plant MPTS used as plant rehabilitation. This research was conducted in Haranggaol Subdistric and Merek Subdistric at Province North Sumatera during four month from September until December. The objective of research is MPTS plant species be found in the catchment area Toba Lake. The data collection of secondary data, primary data, MPTS plant identification, literature reviews, interviews and direct observation in the field. The results research that be found 10 species of MPTS plant in the catchment area Toba Lake. MPTS is very beneficial for the people living in the Toba Lake catchment area both ecologically and economically. Peoples approved if the plant MPTS used as plant rehabilitation. Key word : Variaty, Deployment, Potential, Benefit, Plant Rehabilitation.
Keanekaragaman Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) pada Beberapa Tegakan di Areal Arboretum Universitas Sumatera Utara Ria Pertiwi Sianturi; Delvian Delvian; Deni Elfiati
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Existence and Status of Arbuscular Mycorrhizae Fungi is affected by biotic and abiotic factor. The goal of this research is to know diversity of Arbuskular Mycorrhiza Underneath of durian (Durio zibethinus), kemiri (Aleurithes moluccana), asam gelugur (Garcinia atroviridis), and karet (Hevea brasiliensis). Soil sample has been taken from Arboretum Universitas Sumatera Utara under of four tree of MPTS. This research use soil separating method to obtain spores and root coloring method to find out root colonization. The obtained an average spore density on kemiri is 42 spores/50 g soil, durian is 42 spores/50 g soil, karet is 50 spores/50 g soil and asam gelugur is 62 spores/50 g soil. The result shows on four tree of MPTS obtained 23 spores types of Glomus and 8 spores types of Acaulospore with colonization percentage of durianis 25,6%, kemiri is 43,86%, Karet is 49,6% and Asam Gelugur is 50,5%. Key word: FMA, durian, kemiri, asam gelugur, karet, arboretum
STATUS DAN KENEKARAGAMAN FUNGI MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA (FMA) PADA TANAH BEKAS KEBAKARAN HUTAN DI KABUPATEN SAMOSIR Lusi Astri Simamora; Deni Elfiati; Delvian Delvian
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) are cosmopolitan is almost found in a variety of ecosystems. Forest fires influence the biological properties of the soil, especially AMF. This research aims to study the status and diversity of AMF in the former soil of forest fires. Samples of soil and roots of plants was taken from the location of the fire in separate incidents during the 5 period and location unburn. Parameters observed that the degree of root infection, spores density and identification of the type of spores. Identification of mycorrhizae conducted at the Laboratory of Soil Biology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatra, begin in May until September 2014. Morphology characteristics used to identify the type of AMF is a form of cell wall thickness, presence or absence of substanding hyphae, surface smoothness and spores  reaction to melzers. The results show that an increase in the average density of spores from the field and the results of trapping, for the average percentage of AMF colonization in the roots of plants at 50,65% include grade 3 and 4 or high categories. Found 2 genus, namely Genus Acaulospora and Genus Glomus. Of the field found as many as 35types of spores and trapping results are found as many as 40 types of spores. Key words: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF), Forest fire
KEBERADAAN FUNGI PELARUT FOSFAT PADA TANAH BEKAS KEBAKARAN HUTAN DI KABUPATEN SAMOSIR Wika Astuti Sagala; Deni Elfiati; Delvian Delvian
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

The forest fire effect chemical, psysical and biological propesties of the soil. In the biological of soil, forest fire also effect the existence of phosphates solubilizing fungi. This research was conducted to determine the presence of Phosphates Solubilizing Fungi  in the former soil of fired forest by the time of the fire in Samosir Regency. Soil samples taken from former soil of fired forest and unfire forest at a dept 0 – 20 cm around rhizosfir. Soil analysis carried out in Research and Technology of University of North Sumatera along with isolation and identification phosphates solubilizing fungi at the Laboratory Soil Biology Agroekoteknologi Studies Program Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatera. The result showed that there were similitary and differences phosphates solubilizing fungi in former soil of fired forest and unfire forest. Phosphates solubilizing fungi consisting of 2 fungi genus there are Aspergillus and Penicillium. Keywords: Forest Fire, Phosphates Solubilizing Fungi
AKTIVITAS MIKROORGANISME TANAH PADA TANAH BEKAS KEBAKARAN HUTAN DI KABUPATEN SAMOSIR Agree Hutami Sinaga; Deni Elfiati; Delvian Delvian
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Forest fire affect chemical, physical and biological properties of the soils. In the biological properties of the soil, forest fire also affects number of microorganisms and activity of microorganisms. The purpose of this research is calculate the value of soil microorganism with various periods of forest fires. The measure of the activities of microorganism using jar and titrimetri methods.The result of this research showed that value of  respiration in  unburn soil is 11,99. Value of respiration from forest fire soil in 2010 is 6,43. Value of respiration from  forest fire soil in 2011 is 10,28. Value of respiration from forest fire soil in 2012 is 16,28. Value of respiration from forest fire soil in 2013 is 11,14. Value of respiration from forest fire soil in 2014 is 8,14. Activity of microorganisms is almost the same between the occurrence of fire with soil unburn. Keywords: forest fire, soil microorganism, activity of microorganism
INVENTARISASI TUMBUHAN ANGGREK DI KAWASAN SUAKA MARGASATWA SIRANGGAS KABUPATEN PAKPAK BHARAT (INVENTORY OF ORCHIDS IN SIRANGGAS WILDLIFE PAKPAK BHARAT) Dasma Banurea; Yunasfi Yunasfi; Pindi Patana
Peronema Forestry Science Journal Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Peronema Forestry Science Journal
Publisher : Program studi Kehutanan USU

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Abstract

Indonesia's tropical forests is one of the richest in natural resources of orchids. North Sumatra is a suitable place for growing orchids. This study aims to inventory the orchids based on altitude in Siranggas Wildlife Kecupak I Village, Pergetteng-getteng Sengkut Subdistrick, Pakpak Bharat. Plots were determined by purposive sampling. The Observation of vegetation used line plot transect which divided in 3 locations with different altitude interval : 800 – 900 meter above sea level (m asl), 1.000 – 1.100 m asl and  1.200 – 1.300 m asl, measuring plot 20 m x 100 m, divided in to 5 subplots measuring 20 m x 20 m. The result found 54 species of orchids at Siranggas Wildlife from 21 genus, which there were 15 species of terrestrial orchids, 37 species of epiphytic orchids and 2 species os saprophyte. The highest of important value index (IVI) was 41,722% on Dendrobium tertraedre and the lowest was 0,884% on Vanilla sp. 1, Vanilla sp. 3 and Phaius sp 1. Keywords: Orchid, Inventory, Siranggas Wildlife

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