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Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri
ISSN : 20870965     EISSN : 25035010     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri (Research Journal of Industrial Pollution Prevention Technology) seeks to promote and disseminate original research as well as review, related to following area: Environmental Technology, Process technology and simulation, Design Engineering, Material fabrication, Energy Conservation
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 2 (2019)" : 15 Documents clear
DECOLORIZATION OF VAT VIOLET 1 DYE FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER USING BIOFILM OF FUNGAL AND BACTERIAL CONSORTIUM Wevriandini, Lestari
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p1-6

Abstract

The increasing of textile industries creates a critical need for a proper treatment plan to control and minimize possibilities of contaminants and toxic compounds being released to the environment. One of such approach that is often being researched is the utilization of biofilm for treating industrial waste, and among those is about the use of fungal and bacterial consortium. This research was conducted to examine and acquire a more stable biofilm formed by prime fungal and bacterial consortium for the decolorization process in textile wastewater treatment. Isolates were selected by examining their decolorization capability, antagonistic interaction, and mixed culture formation (consortium). The selection continued with biofilm forming in material plastic LLDPE (Linear Low Density Polyethylene). Superior consortium from bacteria and fungi in form of biofilm in material plastic LLDPE then applied for Vat Violet 1 dye from textile industrial waste water. The selection resulted in two superior fungal isolates coded as strain JYGC1 and K2; and three bacterial isolates coded as strain ATA6, PK29, and PK65. These isolates were then combined to form biofilm on the surface of a plastic material and examined for their applicability to decolorize wastewater containing Vat Violet 1 on varied pH condition of 5, 7, and 8. Biofilm of regular thickness was formed by the fungal bacterial consortium and capable of increasing the rate of decolorization activity. Biomass yield before and after application to the wastewater is highest on pH 7, at 0.66 g and 0.45 g. The thickness and biomass corresponds with decolorization activity, which is also highest on pH 7, with deviation of 1.155 between before and after application; much higher than that of without biofilm application at 0.714.
LOW ENERGY BACTERIA PRESERVATION OF EXTREMELY HALOPHILIC ARCHAEA HALOFERAX LUCENTENSE AND HALOFERAX CHUDINOVII IMMOBILIZED USING NATURAL ZEOLITE Malik, Rizal Awaludin; Nilawati, Nilawati; Handayani, Novarina Irnaning; Rame, Rame; Djayanti, Silvy; Pratiwi, Ningsih Ika; Setianingsih, Nanik Indah; Nasuka, Nasuka
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p16-28

Abstract

The methods of microbial cells preservation were already known by liquid drying, freeze-drying, and freezing. Those methods could preserve bacteria cells in a long period of time but its survivability was relatively low and used relatively high energy during preservation. Immobilization was known as entrapping, attaching or encapsulating bacterial cells in a suitable matrix. This research was conducted to know the suitability of zeolite as immobilization carrier and also as preservation matrix of two halophilic archaea Haloferax chudinovii and Haloferax lucentense. Variable of this research was the type of the carrier which was raw zeolite, 110oC and 300oC heat-activated zeolite carrier, parameters measured in this study was physical and chemical of zeolite such as chemical content, Si/Al ratio, surface area and pore volume, and biochemical assay, bacterial cells numbers after immobilization and bacterial cells after preservation as bacterial response to the immobilization and preservation. Heat activation was significantly affecting the chemical composition, carrier surface area, and pore volume. Highest surface area, pore volume, and Si/Al ratio were obtained in 110oC pretreated zeolite followed by 300oC pretreated zeolite. The bacterial cells obtained after immobilization process was 1,8x107 cfu/g, 3,0 x 107 cfu/g, and 2,1x107 for raw zeolite, 110oC pretreated zeolite and 300oC zeolite respectively. After 4 months preservation, the slight reduction of the bacterial cells was observed. Immobilization halophilic archaeae using zeolite as carrier was proven as low cost and effective preservation method due to relatively simple process and unspecific preservation temperature requirements.
NITROGEN REMOVAL IN THE ANAMMOX BIOFILM REACTOR USING PALM FIBER AS CARRIER IN TROPICAL TEMPERATURE OPERATION Zulkarnaini, Zulkarnaini; Nur, Ansiha; Ermaliza, Wina
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p7-15

Abstract

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is the process of converting ammonium directly into nitrogen gas with nitrite as an electron acceptor under anaerobic conditions. This process is more effective than conventional nitrification-denitrification but is very dependent on several parameters, one of which is temperature. The optimum temperature range for the growth of anammox bacteria is 30-400C. The purpose of this research was to determine the efficiency of nitrogen removal by anammox process using palm fibers in the Up-Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor in the tropical temperature. The experiment was conducted at a laboratory scale with a variation of Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) 24 h and 12 h using artificial wastewater. The reactor was inoculated with anammox granule genus Candidatus Brocadia. The concentration of ammonium, nitrite, and nitrate in the influent and effluent were measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer based on standard method. Based on the experiment, the ratio ?NH4+-N:?NO2--N and ?NO3--N:?NH4+-N similar with stoichiometric of anammox. The maximum Nitrogen removal performance (NRT) achieved 0.11 kg-N/m3.d at Nitrogen Loading Rate (NLR) 0.14 kg-N/m3.d and 0.20 kg-N/m3.d at NLR 0.29 kg-N/m3.d. The removal efficiency for Ammonium Conversion Efficiency (ACE) and Nitrogen Removal Efficiency (NRE) in HRT 24 h were 79% and 76%, respectively while decreased in HRT 12 h were 72% and 69%, respectively. Anammox process can be applied in the tropical temperature at a laboratory scale using a UASB reactor with palm fiber as the carrier.
WASTE TO PRODUCT: BISOLUM-BRICKS, INCORPORATION OF WWTP SLUDGE OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY INTO BRICKS FOR WALL PAIRS Arbunowo, Armas Arifin; Purwanto, P. Purwanto; Budihardjo, M. Arief
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p29-35

Abstract

The disposal of WWTP sludge is one of problems in textiles industry, which requires serious attention to find a way out. Utilization of sludge from the textile industry wastewater treatment, according to the Republic of Indonesia Goverment Regulation No.110 year 2014, can be used as a mixture of brick raw materials, must consider the availability of technology, meet environmental quality standards and meet technical requirements for use.Environmental feasibility refers to Goverment Regulation No.110 year 2014, carried out with TCLP toxicity tests on raw materials for soil, WWTP  sludge and brick products. Acute toxicity test LD 50, carried out on brick products in which  using a mixture of WWTP Sludge. Technical feasibility is carried out by testing the quality of brick products in accordance with solid brick Nasional Indonesian Standard (SNI) for wall pairs.Research results prove the toxicity test on raw materials and brick products with a mixture of up to 60% of waste, still meets the requirements of TCLP and LD.50 according to GR No.110 year 2014. Test the quality of bricks at the use of 40% and 60% mixture of sludge still meet Nasional Indonesian Standard (SNI 15-2094-2000) solid red brick for wall pairs.
WET SCRUBBER PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION APPLICATION ASSISTED WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL-BASED AMMONIA SENSORS Sari, Ikha Rasti Julia; Fatkhurrahman, Januar Arif; Marlena, Bekti; Harihastuti, Nani; Crisnaningtyas, Farida; Andriani, Yose; Nasuka, Nasuka
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p36-42

Abstract

Crumb rubber is one of Indonesia?s agroindustry export commodities. This industry faces environmental problems due to their wastes, both liquid and air. The source of air pollution is commonly from drying process that emitted odor from its evaporation and heating phenomena. Industry uses wet scrubber technology as air pollution control from emitted odor from drying process. Preliminary identification in noncontrolled wet scrubber shown that wet scrubber efficiency around 47%. Low efficiency wet scrubbing process causes rain drop of water vapor around drying process. This research used electrochemical based sensor MICS 5524 as ammonia monitoring instrument, assisted with arduino as microcontroller to regulate water discharge through valve controlling scrubbing process. This electrochemical based sensor reads ammonia based on voltage reads by Arduino microcontroller. Ammonia reading then control scrubbing process by adjusting valve opening for spray water distribution. Wet scrubber efficiency increases to 66,96% due to water scrubbing control, also can save water utilization as high as 61,90%, followed by absence of rain drop contains ammonia around drying process area.
DECOLORIZATION OF VAT VIOLET 1 DYE FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER USING BIOFILM OF FUNGAL AND BACTERIAL CONSORTIUM Wevriandini, Lestari
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p1-6

Abstract

The increasing of textile industries creates a critical need for a proper treatment plan to control and minimize possibilities of contaminants and toxic compounds being released to the environment. One of such approach that is often being researched is the utilization of biofilm for treating industrial waste, and among those is about the use of fungal and bacterial consortium. This research was conducted to examine and acquire a more stable biofilm formed by prime fungal and bacterial consortium for the decolorization process in textile wastewater treatment. Isolates were selected by examining their decolorization capability, antagonistic interaction, and mixed culture formation (consortium). The selection continued with biofilm forming in material plastic LLDPE (Linear Low Density Polyethylene). Superior consortium from bacteria and fungi in form of biofilm in material plastic LLDPE then applied for Vat Violet 1 dye from textile industrial waste water. The selection resulted in two superior fungal isolates coded as strain JYGC1 and K2; and three bacterial isolates coded as strain ATA6, PK29, and PK65. These isolates were then combined to form biofilm on the surface of a plastic material and examined for their applicability to decolorize wastewater containing Vat Violet 1 on varied pH condition of 5, 7, and 8. Biofilm of regular thickness was formed by the fungal bacterial consortium and capable of increasing the rate of decolorization activity. Biomass yield before and after application to the wastewater is highest on pH 7, at 0.66 g and 0.45 g. The thickness and biomass corresponds with decolorization activity, which is also highest on pH 7, with deviation of 1.155 between before and after application; much higher than that of without biofilm application at 0.714.
LOW ENERGY BACTERIA PRESERVATION OF EXTREMELY HALOPHILIC ARCHAEA HALOFERAX LUCENTENSE AND HALOFERAX CHUDINOVII IMMOBILIZED USING NATURAL ZEOLITE Malik, Rizal Awaludin; Nilawati, Nilawati; Handayani, Novarina Irnaning; Rame, Rame; Djayanti, Silvy; Pratiwi, Ningsih Ika; Setianingsih, Nanik Indah; Nasuka, Nasuka
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p16-28

Abstract

The methods of microbial cells preservation were already known by liquid drying, freeze-drying, and freezing. Those methods could preserve bacteria cells in a long period of time but its survivability was relatively low and used relatively high energy during preservation. Immobilization was known as entrapping, attaching or encapsulating bacterial cells in a suitable matrix. This research was conducted to know the suitability of zeolite as immobilization carrier and also as preservation matrix of two halophilic archaea Haloferax chudinovii and Haloferax lucentense. Variable of this research was the type of the carrier which was raw zeolite, 110oC and 300oC heat-activated zeolite carrier, parameters measured in this study was physical and chemical of zeolite such as chemical content, Si/Al ratio, surface area and pore volume, and biochemical assay, bacterial cells numbers after immobilization and bacterial cells after preservation as bacterial response to the immobilization and preservation. Heat activation was significantly affecting the chemical composition, carrier surface area, and pore volume. Highest surface area, pore volume, and Si/Al ratio were obtained in 110oC pretreated zeolite followed by 300oC pretreated zeolite. The bacterial cells obtained after immobilization process was 1,8x107 cfu/g, 3,0 x 107 cfu/g, and 2,1x107 for raw zeolite, 110oC pretreated zeolite and 300oC zeolite respectively. After 4 months preservation, the slight reduction of the bacterial cells was observed. Immobilization halophilic archaeae using zeolite as carrier was proven as low cost and effective preservation method due to relatively simple process and unspecific preservation temperature requirements.
NITROGEN REMOVAL IN THE ANAMMOX BIOFILM REACTOR USING PALM FIBER AS CARRIER IN TROPICAL TEMPERATURE OPERATION Zulkarnaini, Zulkarnaini; Nur, Ansiha; Ermaliza, Wina
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p7-15

Abstract

Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is the process of converting ammonium directly into nitrogen gas with nitrite as an electron acceptor under anaerobic conditions. This process is more effective than conventional nitrification-denitrification but is very dependent on several parameters, one of which is temperature. The optimum temperature range for the growth of anammox bacteria is 30-400C. The purpose of this research was to determine the efficiency of nitrogen removal by anammox process using palm fibers in the Up-Flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactor in the tropical temperature. The experiment was conducted at a laboratory scale with a variation of Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) 24 h and 12 h using artificial wastewater. The reactor was inoculated with anammox granule genus Candidatus Brocadia. The concentration of ammonium, nitrite, and nitrate in the influent and effluent were measured using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer based on standard method. Based on the experiment, the ratio ?NH4+-N:?NO2--N and ?NO3--N:?NH4+-N similar with stoichiometric of anammox. The maximum Nitrogen removal performance (NRT) achieved 0.11 kg-N/m3.d at Nitrogen Loading Rate (NLR) 0.14 kg-N/m3.d and 0.20 kg-N/m3.d at NLR 0.29 kg-N/m3.d. The removal efficiency for Ammonium Conversion Efficiency (ACE) and Nitrogen Removal Efficiency (NRE) in HRT 24 h were 79% and 76%, respectively while decreased in HRT 12 h were 72% and 69%, respectively. Anammox process can be applied in the tropical temperature at a laboratory scale using a UASB reactor with palm fiber as the carrier.
WASTE TO PRODUCT: BISOLUM-BRICKS, INCORPORATION OF WWTP SLUDGE OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY INTO BRICKS FOR WALL PAIRS Arbunowo, Armas Arifin; Purwanto, P. Purwanto; Budihardjo, M. Arief
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p29-35

Abstract

The disposal of WWTP sludge is one of problems in textiles industry, which requires serious attention to find a way out. Utilization of sludge from the textile industry wastewater treatment, according to the Republic of Indonesia Goverment Regulation No.110 year 2014, can be used as a mixture of brick raw materials, must consider the availability of technology, meet environmental quality standards and meet technical requirements for use.Environmental feasibility refers to Goverment Regulation No.110 year 2014, carried out with TCLP toxicity tests on raw materials for soil, WWTP  sludge and brick products. Acute toxicity test LD 50, carried out on brick products in which  using a mixture of WWTP Sludge. Technical feasibility is carried out by testing the quality of brick products in accordance with solid brick Nasional Indonesian Standard (SNI) for wall pairs.Research results prove the toxicity test on raw materials and brick products with a mixture of up to 60% of waste, still meets the requirements of TCLP and LD.50 according to GR No.110 year 2014. Test the quality of bricks at the use of 40% and 60% mixture of sludge still meet Nasional Indonesian Standard (SNI 15-2094-2000) solid red brick for wall pairs.
WET SCRUBBER PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION APPLICATION ASSISTED WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL-BASED AMMONIA SENSORS Sari, Ikha Rasti Julia; Fatkhurrahman, Januar Arif; Marlena, Bekti; Harihastuti, Nani; Crisnaningtyas, Farida; Andriani, Yose; Nasuka, Nasuka
Jurnal Riset Teknologi Pencegahan Pencemaran Industri Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Kementerian Perindustrian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21771/jrtppi.2019.v10.no2.p36-42

Abstract

Crumb rubber is one of Indonesia?s agroindustry export commodities. This industry faces environmental problems due to their wastes, both liquid and air. The source of air pollution is commonly from drying process that emitted odor from its evaporation and heating phenomena. Industry uses wet scrubber technology as air pollution control from emitted odor from drying process. Preliminary identification in noncontrolled wet scrubber shown that wet scrubber efficiency around 47%. Low efficiency wet scrubbing process causes rain drop of water vapor around drying process. This research used electrochemical based sensor MICS 5524 as ammonia monitoring instrument, assisted with arduino as microcontroller to regulate water discharge through valve controlling scrubbing process. This electrochemical based sensor reads ammonia based on voltage reads by Arduino microcontroller. Ammonia reading then control scrubbing process by adjusting valve opening for spray water distribution. Wet scrubber efficiency increases to 66,96% due to water scrubbing control, also can save water utilization as high as 61,90%, followed by absence of rain drop contains ammonia around drying process area.

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