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Jambi Medical Journal "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan"
Published by Universitas Jambi
ISSN : 2339269X     EISSN : 25806874     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jambi Medical Journal is a Journal for Medical And Health Issues, in Scope: Medical Education, Farmakology, Mikrobiology, PUblic Health, Clinical Patology, Medical Nutrition, Clinical Medicine, Pediatric, Immunology, Patology Anatomi, Orthopedy, Obstetri and Gynekology, Internal Medicine, Endocrine and Metabolic, Genetics & Molecular Biology.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" : 8 Documents clear
Ekspresi Enzim Metabolisme Vitamin D Pada Sistem Reproduksi Pria Syauqy, Ahmad
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.593 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2715

Abstract

ABSTRACT Nowadays moleculer biology is developed. The scientist try to make a mapping of proteins that exist in male reproduction. It is supposed to know fertility factor for advance in moleculer way so that it can be used as the information to solve the infertility cases in male. One of the protein that is identificated in male reproduction system is enzyms that used in metabolism vitamin d. Those enzyms is known can be found in organ that is used in metabolism vitamin D, they are liver and kidney. On liver, enzym 25-d- hidroksilade exist and it is used to activate vitamin D. Meanwhile, on kidney enzym 24-hydroksilase exist, it is used to inactivate vitamin D. All of the enzyms are used in activate and inactivate vitamin D are also use in male reproduction tract and so do sprem with variation level of expression. It show that vitamin D is also take an important role in male fertility. The use of vitaminD specificly is not much revealed yet in male reproduction system. The use of vitaminD that has been revealed was sperm capacity, sperm motility and to increase the resistancy of sperm.   Keyword : enzym,vitamin D,male reproduction
The Influence Cognitive Behavioral Therapy To Resilience in Adolescents at Risk Ayu, Nyimas Natasha; Saputra, Nofrans Eka
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.337 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2716

Abstract

ABSTRACT Introduction : Adolescents at risk is a high-risk group involved in the problems associated with behavioral health problems such as smoking, drug abuse, drinking, bullying and sexual behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy as an active therapy is one of the alternative ways to improve resilience in adolescents at risk. Method : This study aims to find a deskriptions of risk behavior in adolescents and to determine the difference resiliency capabilities at risk pre and post the cognitive behavioral therapy. Collecting data is using risk behavior questionaire and resilience scale. Population  with characteristic 13 – 19 years old adolescents at risk.. Samples were taken by using purposive random sampling technique. Experimental design of this study is true experimental pretest-postest control group design. Paired sample T test is used to analize the data. Result : This study shows that adolescents at risk have been doing bullying, smoking, drug abuse, and active sexual behavior. This study also shows that there is a significant difference of resilience ability pre and post the cognitive behavioral therapy for the experimental group, with p=0,009. While the control group showed no differences in adolescent resilience ability pre or post cognitive behavioral therapy with p=0,976 Conclusions And Recommendations : Adolescents who have risky behaviors can improve their resiliensy by using cognitive behavioral therapy. School is expected to be able to cooperate with stakeholders in preparing sustainable activities to reduce the risk behaviour in adolescents. Keywords: Adolescents at risk, resiliency, cognitive behavioral therapy.
Hubungan Durasi Pemberian Asi Dengan Status Gizi Anak Usia 0-24 Bulan di Puskesmas Simpang IV Sipin Kota Jambi Tahun 2015 Amri, Nurul Khairiyah; Putra, Irawan Anasta; Karolina, Maria Estela
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2717

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : The connection between breastfeeding duration starts on 0 Until 24 month and child's nutritional stat still bring some controversy. Positive and negative correlation can be seen ss result. This study purpose is to support the giving of exclusive breastfeeding for 2 whole years ( start from one hour after delivery, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 month, no bottle feeding, and 2 years or more of breastfeeding) in Jambi and the correlation with 0 – 24 month child’s nutritional state. Based on Jambi’s Health Departement data in 2013, there was counted 1545 exclusive breastfeeding on  0 – 6 months children  within 20  local Primary health care unit in Jambi. On Simpang IV Sipin area, there was 118 babies who got exclusive breastfeeding on 2013. Objective : To determine relationship between duration of  breastfeeding and nutritional status of children aged 0 – 24 months in Simpang IV Sipin Health Center Jambi in 2015. Methods : This Study used analytical research’s method with crosssectional approach held at Simpang IV Sipin Primary health care unit on 2015. This research used consecutive sampling to Primary health care unit the samples and got 73 children to be followed. This Study data been analyzed by using one- way Anova test. Results : Based on data, we can conclude that there is correlation between breastfeeding duration with nutritional state ( p value 0,037), child with normal nutritional state ( 29 children ) have breastfeeding duration for 8,9 month in average. Child with thin nutritional state have breastfeeding duration got 5,3 months in average, and child with fat nutritional state have breastfeeding duration got 10,2 month ib average. Conclusion: There is relationship between exclusive breastfeeding with nutritional status at age 0 – 24 months in Simpang IV Sipin Primary health care unit Jambi in 2015.   Keywords : Exclusive breastfeeding, nutritional status
Penerapan Multi-Source Feedback (MSF) Dalam Penilaian Perilaku Profesional Mahasiswa Kedokteran Fitri, Amelia Dwi
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.45 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2718

Abstract

ABSTRAK   Latar belakang : Profesionalisme merupakan salah satu factor penting yang harus dimiliki oleh seorang dokter. Organisasi profesi di Amerika Serikat seperti  the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) telah menetapkan beberapa aspek  yang termasuk dalam profesionalisme seperti altruisme, empati, saling menghormati, integritas, etika dan moral, tanggung jawab, dan komiten untuk belajar sepanjang hayat. General Medical Council (GMC) di Inggris menetapkan tujuh aspek profesionalisme yang harus dimiliki oleh dokter, Di Indonesia, Konsil Kedokteran Indonesia (KKI) telah menetapkan bahwa salah satu area kompetensi dokter adalah aspek Etika, Moral, Medikolegal dan Profesionalisme serta Keselamatan Pasien. Oleh karenaitu, dalam Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK)  yang saat ini diterapkan oleh sebagian besar Fakultas Kedokteran di Indonesia, aspek profesionalisme harus menjadi perhatian baik dalam proses pembelajaran maupun dalam system penilaian. Metode penilaian terhadap perilaku professional sebaiknya tidak hanya dilakukan di akhir proses pembelajaran saja namun harus berkelanjutan dalam seluruh proses pembelajaran yang dijalani mahasiswa kedokteran. Tujuan : pemaparan secara komprehensif mengenai Multi-Source Feedback (MSF) atau 3600 evaluation sebagai metode penilaian yang dapat diterapkan untuk menilai aspek profesionalisme dalam pendidikan dokter. Metode :studi literature mengenai MSF meliputi tujuan penggunaan, prosedur, kekuatan, kelemahan dan keterbatasan, validitas dan reliabilitas serta kredibilitas penilai Kesimpulan : MSF merupakan salah satu metode penilaian yang valid dan reliable dalam menilai perilaku professional mahasiswa kedokteran, namun dalam penerapannya ada banyak factor yang harus dipertimbangkan agar tujuan pembelajaran yang diinginkan dapat tercapai.
Strategi Menurunkan Prevalensi Gizi Kurang Pada Balita di Provinsi Jambi Kalsum, Ummi; Jahari, Abas Basuni
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.942 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2719

Abstract

ABSTRACT Malnutrition is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children in developing countries. This study aims to examine strategies to reduce the prevalence of malnutrition (underweight) in an effort to achieve the target of MDG's in nutrition programs in Jambi by analyzing the magnitude of the problem of nutrition according to indicators of W/A, H/A and W/H in infants (children aged 0-60 months). The data analyzed in this study came from the Health Research Association (Riskesdas) 2007 held in Jambi Province. The number of samples in the study were as 2213 of underfive children. The analysis showed that 36.6% of underfive children were stunting (H/A), 19.6% of underfive children were underweight (W/A) and 17.3% wasting (W/H). There are 80% of the City and  District have malnutrition prevalence least not yet achieved the MDG's targets ranged from 15.9 to 26.3%. The proportion of infants not stunted (normal according to the W/A) but wasted were 5.3%, varies between 3.5% - 15.8% in the District/City. The proportion of not stunted (normal) but wasted (N-K) is what can be intervened by supplementary feeding (PMT) with immediately visible results. When all N-K children can be handled, the MDG's targets can be achieved in Jambi Province (14.3%). Strategies that can be done is to revitalize primary health centers and growth monitoring at integrated health post (Posyandu). Key Words : underweight, stunted, wasted, underfive children
Penerapan Refleksi Diri dan Self Evaluation Sebagai Keterampilan Dasar Dalam Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran AS, Nyimas Natasha
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.153 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2720

Abstract

ABSTRACT The field of medicine and health will continue to alter along with the change and advancement in information and technology. In facing these changes, a doctor should be able to prepare and maintain his/her professionalism in order to keep the trust of patients. A doctor can improve and sustain his/her professionalism by following a program, which is called, Continuing Professional Development (CPD). CPD is defined as the process of lifelong learning for individual or team, that enables medical professionals to expand and develop their potential in managing a high standard of health care and continuously improve the quality of health services to meet the needs of patients. Lifelong learning process should be implemented in medical education, so that medical education graduates can always apply continuously in the health service. Medical educational institutions should be able to teach the skills that are needed build lifelong learning to the students. Self-reflection and self-evaluation learning on medical students are part of the skills that must be possessed by students in implementing the lifelong learning.   Keywords: Professionalism, lifelong learning, self-reflection, self-evaluation
Biofilm Pada Otitis Media Supuratif Kronik Edward, Yan; Novianti, Dini
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.631 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2721

Abstract

ABSTRACT A number of study find that clinically and complication of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) related with tipe of bacterial and change of bacterial adherence resulting biofilms. CSOM characterized by purulent discharge from perforated tympanic membrane that occur more than 2 months intermittent or persistent.  There was new pattern of bacterial adherence with host.  Bacterial adherence result a biofilms.  Biofilms is slow growth bacterial colonies and enveloped  by glycoplysacaride layer that called glycocalyx.  Various methods to detect biofilm are Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Confocal Scanning Laser Microscopy (CSLM) and  Calgary Biofilm Device Assay modification, tissue culture plate, tube method and congo red agar.   Keywords: Chronic suppurative otitis media, biofilm
Pengaruh Rokok Pada Metabolisme Obat Rahman, Ave Olivia
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v3i1.2722

Abstract

ABSTRAK Metabolisme obat merupakan proses merubah struktur dan sifat obat tersebut, yang pada umumnya menjadi senyawa metabolit tidak aktif secara farmakologi. Metabolisme obat melibatkan beberapa enzim, antara lain kelompok CYP-450. Beberapa studi menunjukkan ada interaksi obat dengan senyawa rokok, yang menyebabkan perbedaan kadar obat antara perokok dan non perokok.Senyawa Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons yang terkandung dalam rokok dapat menginduksi aktivitas enzim CYP1A2. Peningkatan aktivitas CYP1A2 menyebabkan peningkatan metabolisme obat yang merupakan substratnya, sehingga dapat terjadi penurunan kadar obat tersebut. Nikotin yang terkandung dalam rokok akan dimetabolisme oleh enzim CYP2A6. Kadar nikotin yang tinggi dalam darah  menyebabkan kompetisi metabolisme antara nikotin dengan substrat (obat) CYP2A6 lainnya, dimana dapat menyebabkan penurunan kadar substrat (obat) tersebut. Interaksi obat dengan senyawa dalam rokok memerlukan penyesuaian dosis obat agar tujuan terapi tercapai.

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