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Jambi Medical Journal "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan"
Published by Universitas Jambi
ISSN : 2339269X     EISSN : 25806874     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jambi Medical Journal is a Journal for Medical And Health Issues, in Scope: Medical Education, Farmakology, Mikrobiology, PUblic Health, Clinical Patology, Medical Nutrition, Clinical Medicine, Pediatric, Immunology, Patology Anatomi, Orthopedy, Obstetri and Gynekology, Internal Medicine, Endocrine and Metabolic, Genetics & Molecular Biology.
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Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan" : 15 Documents clear
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIFITAS CUCI TANGAN TUJUH LANGKAH DENGAN AIR DAN DENGAN SABUN CUCI TANGAN CAIR DALAM MENJAGA KEBERSIHAN TANGAN PADA MAHASISWA/I FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.939 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5943

Abstract

Background: Hand washing is one indicator of Clean and Healthy Lifestyle. One of the scopes is in a school environment or educational institution. Hand washing with water alone is more common, it is not effective in maintaining health than hand washing with soap. Washing hands with soap causes us to allocate more time while washing hands, but the use of soap is more effective because the fat and dirt on the hands will be released when the hands are rubbed and rubbed with soap. The purpose of this research is to know the comparison of the effectiveness of hand washing seven steps with water and with handwashing soap in order to keep hand hygiene. Methods: This study used analytical method with two groups pretest-posttest experimental design with random sampling technique. The sample in this study was cotton swap on the fingers of students with 90 students. The cotton swab is grown on a nutrient agar medium in a petri dish, and counts the number of colonies after incubation 16-18 hours at the incubator at 37 °C. Data analysis technique using statistik with p value which is considered significant is p <0,1. Result: The effectiveness of handwashing with water and soap use is defined as the sum of germ colonies washing seven-step hands with water group and the sum of germ colonies washing seven-step hands using liquid hand soap group. The results of statistical analysis with Mann Whitney test, significance value P = 0.071. Significance value P <0.1 indicates that there is a difference between the effectiveness of handwashing with water and soap in reducing the number of bacterial colonies. Conclusion: Hand washing seven steps with soap more effective than washing hands seven steps with water only. Keywords: Hand washing seven steps, liquid hand washing soap
KORELASI ASUPAN ASAM LEMAK OMEGA-3 DENGAN KEMAMPUAN KOGNISI MAHASISWA KEDOKTERAN
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.218 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5944

Abstract

Background: Cognitive performance increases along brain development until 20-30 years old, then it’s become flat and decrease in 40-50 years old. Optimal cognitive function is very important in every stage of human development. There is a possibility that omega 3 long chain fatty acid have an importan role for that. Currently there is no research publication that related omega 3 fatty acid intake with cognitive performance of medical student in Indonesia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 60 medical students of Medicine and Health Faculty in Jambi University. Data collection included sex, body mass index, omega 3 fatty acid intake, and cognitive performance. Results: Most of the subjects are woman (68,9%), had normal body mass index (BMI) (58,3%), 42 subjects (70%) had low omega 3 fatty acid intake, and good cognitive performance with total 44 (73,3%) subject high average, superior, and very superior. There is very low corelation (r = 0,09) between omega 3 fatty acid intake and cognitive performance with Pearson’s correlation test and it’s not significant (P>0,05). Conclusion: Omega 3 fatty acid intake may not fully supported the students cognitive performance. Keywords: cognitive performance, omega 3 fatty acid intake
ATTITUDE OF UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS TO PATIENT SAFETY
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.762 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5945

Abstract

Background: To assess undergraduate medical students’ attitudes to the patient safety issue and their interest in patient safety education. Method: The cross-sectional survey of 519 undergraduate students was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Yarsi, in September 2017. A structured and anonymous self-administered questionnaire was handed to medical students, including preclinical and clinical undergraduate students. Results: Overall, 308(59%) students agreed that medical errors were inevitable, but 391(75%) students thought competent physicians do not make errors. More than half of the students said medical errors should be reported even if there is no harm to the patient (59% and 73% respectively). Less than half (29%) students believe reporting systems do little to reduce future errors. Almost all of the students (94%) thought work harder and more careful is an effective strategy after an error occurs. Over 80% of students thought physicians routinely share information about medical errors. The majority agreed that patient safety should be part of medical curriculum and physician should spend their time to improve patient care (66% and 86% respectively). Most students (94%) would like to receive teaching on patient safety further. Conclusion: This study revealed that undergraduate students had a positive attitude to patient safety and teaching of 'patient safety' needs to be promoted in the medical curriculum. Keywords: patient safety, medical error, curriculum, medical students
SKRINING THALASSEMIA PADA SUKU ANAK DALAM DI PROVINSI JAMBI Sotianingsih, Sotianingsih; AS, Charles; M, Ita
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.376 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5946

Abstract

Background: thalassemia mutations are very diverse and can be ethnic-specific. Prevention is done through screening of carrier traits, counseling and prenatal diagnosis; which will be optimal when accompanied by carrier frequency data and spectral data type of mutation Purpose of research: to determine the frequency of carrier of thalassemia character of suku anak dalam in Jambi Province Methods of research: descriptive, as many as 35 respondents of suku anak dalam in of Sei Ulak village. Performed the making of blood smear and venous blood sampling. Blood smear were given Wright-Giemsa staining. A complete blood examination was performed with a Sysmex Xs-800i hematology analyzer. Hb analysis using Capillary electrophoresis model Minicap Flex-piercing from Sebia. DNA analysis was performed by SEA, Fil and Thai Delight, Delete 3.7 and 4.2kb, and HbCS and Hb Adana point mutations Results: Haemoglobin <normal at age 5 - <12 years 2.86% mild and moderate 2.86%, age> 15 years, women 2.86% mild, age> 15 years, men 5.71% mild, peripheral blood 8.57% found microcytic hypochromic cells 5.71% of the mixed HbA averages 97.1, 97.0 (33.3%) while HbA1 2.8, 3.0 (33.3%). HbF is present in 1 sample. DNA analysis not found mutation Conclusions and suggestions: Conclusions: In Suku Anak Dalam we found mild anemia 11.42% and moderate anemia 2.86%. Smear of blood found 8.57% hypochrome microscopic cells and 5.71% mixture. HbA 97.0 (33.3%), HbA2 highest 3.0 (33.3%). HbF 1 (2.86%). There is 1 (2.86.7%) suspect carrier of thalassemia a and there is 1 (2.8%) suspect variant Hb. This result excludes the possibility of carrying thalassemia trait a mild 3 respondents (8.57%). Suggestion: Advanced molecular examination of DNA sequencing Keywords: Suku Anak Dalam, Haemoglobin, Hb Analysis, Thalassemia a, Thalassemia
SECUNDUM ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECTS COMPLICATED WITH SEVERE PULMONARY HYPERTENSION IN PREGNANCY: MANAGEMENT AND OUTCOME
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1237.521 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5948

Abstract

Background: Atrial septal defects (ASD) are the third most common type of congenital heart disease, that allows shunting of blood between the systemic and the pulmonary circulations. ASD complicated with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) often occurs in median age, and pregnancy should be prevented since this will contributed to both high maternal mortality, and complication in pregnancy. Objective: To discuss management and outcomes of secundum atrial septal defects complicated with severe pulmonary hypertension in pregnancy. Case: A 21-year-old woman, G2P1AO, referred to Maternal Fetal Medicine Division on March 30, 2017 with 31 weeks of pregnancy and shortness of breathing. Further investigation revealed that she had history of atrial septal defects that was diagnosed 2 years before admission. Ultrasound examination was performed with conclusion 31 weeks intrauterine pregnancy with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Echocardiography result indicated large secundum ASD, severe PH, severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR), severe pulmonary regurgitation (PR), and ejection fraction (EF) 43%. After closed discussion with the patient and family, the team decided to perform C-section after lung maturation. On April 10, 2017 patient underwent C-section under epidural analgesia with the pregnancy results female baby, 1170 g, APGAR Score 7/8. The patient treated in ICCU for 3 days and went home after 7 days of treatment. Conclusion: Large secundum ASD complicated with severe PH in pregnancy should be carefully managed. Pregnancy termination should be considered, particulary if the disease threatened the mother and caused IUGR in pregnancy. Keywords: Pregnancy, ASD, PH, management.
PERANAN CYCLIN D1 DAN VEGF TERHADAP RESPONS RADIOTERAPI PADA KARSINOMA NASOFARING TIDAK BERDIFERENSIASI STADIUM LANJUT
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.382 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5949

Abstract

Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma has a high incidence and mortality rate in Southeast Asia and Indonesia. Radioresistance is a major obstacle to successful treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. DNA repair in the cell cycle and angiogenesis factors affects the response of tumor cells to radiotherapy. Cyclin D1 that functions in the cell cycle process and VEGF as an angiogenesis factor are considered to play a role in the occurrence of radioresistance. The objective of this study is to find the association between immunoexpression of Cyclin D1 and VEGF with radiotherapy response in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Methods: This study used a retrospective case control analysis design, secondary data from medical records of patients diagnosed as undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma who received complete radiotherapy at the Radiation Oncology Department Dr Hasan Sadikin Bandung were taken. There were 44 samples divided into radiosensitive (22 samples) and radioresistant (22 samples) groups. Immunohistochemical examination of Cyclin D1 and VEGF was performed on paraffin blocks of patients' nasopharyngeal biopsy. Data analysis using Chi-Square test with p ≤0.05 and OR 95% CI. Results: Cyclin D1 expressed strongly in 86.4% of the radioresistant group and 59.1% in the radiosensitive group (p<0.05) and the OR 4,385 (0.993-19.356), VEGF was strongly expressed in 77.3% of the radioresistant group and 54.5% in the radiosensitive group (p>0.05). Conclusion: There were significant association between Cyclin D1 with radiotherapy response in undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The stronger immunoexpression of Cyclin D1, the higher likelihood of radioresistancy. VEGF immunoexpression showed no significant association with radiotherapy response. Key words: cyclin d1, nasopharyngeal carcinoma,radiotherapy, VEGF
HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI SARAPAN DENGAN KADAR GULA DARAH DAN FUNGSI KOGNITIF PADA MAHASISWA KEDOKTERAN
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.006 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5951

Abstract

Background: Breakfast is the first meal in the early days and is mentioned as the most important food in a day. Breakfast aims to meet nutritional needs in the morning, as part of a balanced and beneficial nutritional fulfillment in helping prevent hypoglycemia, stabilizing blood glucose levels, and preventing dehydration after fasting throughout the night. Some studies suggest that breakfast habits can affect cognitive function, including concentration, learning performance, and memory. Method: The research method is cross sectional analytic with sampling is done by consecutive sampling method, each subject that meets the research criteria is included as research subject until the required amount is met. Interviews, anthropometric examination, blood glucose examination and cognitive function assessment were performed on the respondents. Result: Nutritional status based on body mass index (BMI) of study subjects was 22.07 ± 4.11, 60% of subjects included in normal nutritional status category. While the breakfast energy intake in this study obtained 361.57 ± 10.8 kcal which sufficient 15-20% of total calorie intake. In this study there was no relationship between breakfast composition with blood glucose level (p> 0,05) and cognitive function (p> 0,05) Conclusion: In this study there was no significant relationship between breakfast composition with glucose level and cognitive function in medical students.
PERBEDAAN IMUNOEKSPRESI CD10 DAN MMP9 ANTARA HIPERPLASIA ENDOMETRIUM TIPE ATIPIK DAN KARSINOMA ENDOMETRIOID YANG BERDIFERENSIASI BAIK
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (778.36 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5952

Abstract

Background: Endometrial hyperplasia is one of the malignancy triggers for endometrium. Based on histopathologic features, it is divided into two types: atypical and non-atypical. Endometrial carcinoma is one of the gynecological malignancies, ranked 5th the world for its malignancy. Endometrial carcinoma is divided into two types, type I (endometrioid), and type II (non endometrioid). In histopathology, particularly in the sample of tissue curettage process, It is difficult to distinguish between endometrial hyperplasia atypical and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. CD10 plays a role for homeostasis in extracellular matrix (ECM). If there is regulation disruption, it can lead to carcinogenesis. Whilst, MMP9 plays its role in the occurrence of invasion and metastasis. The aim of this study is to investigate the immunoexpression differences of CD10 and MMP9 in atypical endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. So, this study can be used to determine a more accurate diagnosis especially on the tissue curettage sample. Methods: This study is an observational study by using cross sectional design. Total sample was 52 cases from hysterectomy which are consist of 26 cases atypical endometrial hyperplasia and 26 cases well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma. Those samples and cases were obtained from the Department of Anatomical Pathology in three hospitals in Bandung: Hasan Sadikin, Advent and Santosa. Therefore, the whole samples were marked by immunohistochemical CD10 and MMP9. Results: The results of this study found a statistically, significant differences between immunoexpression of CD10 and MMP9 with atypic endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinomas. The p values for CD10 and MMP9 are 0.003 and 0.008, respectively. Atypical endometrial hyperplasia and well-differentiated endometrioid carcinomas are significantly influenced by CD10 and MMP9, CD10 immunoexpression is the most influential variable. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that Immunoxpression of CD10 and MMP9 can be used as an immunohistochemical marker to differentiate atypical endometrial hyperplasia from well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma, particularly on tissue curettage sample. Keywords: CD10, MMP9, endometrial hyperplasia atypic type, well-differentiated endometrioid carcinoma.
EFEK PEMBERIAN TUNGGAL PINANG MUDA DOSIS TINGGI PADA HEPAR TIKUS
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.761 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5953

Abstract

Introduction : Raw betel nuts juice is a traditional herbal supplement in Jambi that is consumed for stamina booster. According to previous study, raw betel nut has median lethal dose >15.000 mg/kg weight. Hepatotoxicity is often caused by herbal supplement in high dose. Purpose : This study is to determine the effect of single high dose of raw betel nut on rat’s liver. Methods : this experimental study used rats strain sprague dawle, health and active, age 2-3 month, weight 150-200 gram. There are 6 rats in each groups. Experimental group receveid raw betel nut juice single dose 20.000gram/kg weights and control group received aquadest. Observation of mortality rate during 7 days. Termination of rats were done on 8th days. Histopathology used Hematoxilin Eosin stain. Results : One rats (16,6%) was found died on 24 hours after treatment with raw betel nut Histopatholgy examination showed portal inflamation, hepatocellular cholestasis, and steatosis in group of raw betel nut. Conclusions : raw betel nut in single high dose could cause liver damages. Keywords : betel nuts, histopatholohy, liver
AKTIVITAS SITOTOKSIK PROPRANOLOL TERHADAP SEL KANKER PAYUDARA MCF7 IN VITRO
JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan" Vol. 6 No. 2 (2018): JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan
Publisher : FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN DAN ILMU KESEHATAN UNIVERSITAS JAMBI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.362 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jmj.v6i2.5970

Abstract

Background: Propranolol is a nonselective beta-blocker drug which is commonly used as an antihypertensive. In vitro studies showed that propranolol has anti-proliferative, anti-migratory and cytotoxic effects on cancer cells of lung, colon, breast, nasopharynx, ovarian pancreas and gastric. Therefore, this study is conducted to assess whether propranolol has cytotoxic activity of MCF7 breast cancer cells. Research objectives: This study aimed to assess the effects of propranolol on the cytotoxic activity of MCF7 breast cancer cells. Research methods: This quasi-experimental research using post-test with a non-equivalent control group design. Cytotoxicity test using MTT assay was performed to determine the IC50 propranolol against MCF7 cells. Results: Propranolol showed cytotoxic activity against MCF7 breast cancer cells with IC50 value of 227.91 ± 14.74 µM (67,41±4,35 µg/mL). Conclusion: Propranolol has cytotoxic activity against MCF7 breast cancer cells. Keywords: propranolol, cytotoxic, MCF7

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