Ngadiso, N.
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Engagement in high- and low-rated argumentative essays: Interactions in Indonesian students’ writings Handayani, Anis; Drajati, Nur Arifah; Ngadiso, N.
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol 10, No 1 (2020): Vol. 10, No. 1, May 2020
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v10i1.24957


This study reports the use of engagement in high-rated and low-rated EFL undergraduate students’ argumentative essays. The engagement here refers to one of the aspects in interacting with the readers, which is called metadiscourse (Hyland, 2005a). The data in this study were ten highest-rated and ten lowest-rated argumentative essays written by first-year undergraduate students. The data were coded manually by two raters to maintain data validity. The results reveal that high-rated essays contain less engagement than low-rated ones. However, it also shows that the engagement in high-rated essays was more varied and grammatically sophisticated than those in low-rated essays. Furthermore, while this study reveals that the higher number of engagement used in argumentative essays does not always coincide with the improved quality of the writing, it implies that the writing quality and score do not depend on the number of engagement expressed but more on the ways students use the engagement effectively. Thus, the explicit teaching on how to use engagement effectively in persuasive writings may be useful for the students to build more persuasive arguments as well as to improve their writing quality.
Teachers' beliefs and practices in teaching reading at Islamic secondary schools in Indonesia Nurkamto, Joko; Drajati, Nur Arifah; Ngadiso, N.; Karlina, Yeni
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol 10, No 3 (2021): Vol. 10, No. 3, January 2021
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v10i3.31753


The importance of English reading skills in developing overall English literacy has made reading instruction one of the primary focuses in Indonesia's English teaching. Regardless of the high value of reading skills, the teaching of reading has not been successful in developing the reading comprehension ability of Indonesian students. This exploratory case study research examines teachers' beliefs and practices in teaching reading in Islamic secondary schools. It focuses mainly on how teachers view good reading instruction and the problems they encounter in teaching reading. Additionally, this paper explores how teachers implement reading instruction in their contexts. Data were obtained from 31 senior Islamic secondary school English teachers from six different provinces in Indonesia. Data collection methods comprised document analysis, participant classroom observation, personal in-depth interviews, written guided reflections, and focus group discussions. The data were analyzed using the constant comparative method. The research findings show that despite admitting the importance of teaching reading in schools, the English teachers of Islamic senior high schools found teaching reading challenging. The teachers identified several problems in reading instruction in their classrooms, such as lack of strategies to teach vocabulary, limited repertoire of strategies to teach reading, the use of teaching materials, and improving students' reading motivation and autonomy. As a result, they have not been able to implement classroom practices that effectively develop students' reading comprehension. This issue calls for the innovation and development of teaching reading strategies to improve reading instruction quality in Islamic secondary schools in Indonesia.