Perdhana, Langgeng
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Sudden Blindness as Post-Hemodialysis Complication Experienced by Patients at The End-Stage of Kidney Disease: a Case Report Perdhana, Langgeng; Chasani, Shofa; Martiningsih, Wahju Ratna; Yekti, Murwani; Arinawati, Arinawati
Sains Medika : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 12, No 2 (2021): July-December 2021
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran; Universitas Islam Sultan Agung (UNISSULA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.895 KB) | DOI: 10.30659/sainsmed.v12i2.15636


Introduction: Hemodialysis is the most preferred Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT) options for End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) patients. Although it is safe and beneficial for patients, several complications may occur during hemodialysis process. One complication that is rarely found in the hemodialysis process is visual impairment. Visual impairment or even sudden blindness occured during or within 24 hours post hemodialysis. Objective: To describe the occurring sudden blindness as a rare complication in patients undergoing hemodialysis and its etiology.Brief Case: 19 years old man with ESKD undergoing hemodialysis for 1 month with a complaint of sudden blindness in both eyes occurring <24 hours post hemodialysis.Discussion: Fast and precise efforts are needed to diagnose the etiology of blindness, so that prevention and appropriate treatment can be immediately taken. Multidisciplinary teamwork is needed to diagnose the etiology of visual impairment.Conclusion: Sudden blindness in this case may be caused by the 3rd degree hypertensive retinopathy caused by malignant hypertension and Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES)
Depressive Symptoms as a Predictor Factor of All-Cause Mortality within Six Months in Elderly Hemodialysis Patients Perdhana, Langgeng; Chasan, Shofa; Mupangati, Yudo Murti; Nuraini, Siti
Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia Vol. 8, No. 4
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

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Introduction. Depression is a mental disorder that is often found in the elderly and hemodialysis patients, resulting in bad effects on patients. There is no study on the relationship between depression and all-cause mortality risk in elderly hemodialysis patients in Indonesia. This study aimed to determine the role of depression as a predictor factor of all-cause mortality within 6 months in elderly hemodialysis patients. Methods. A prospective cohort study was conducted from February to August 2020 at the hemodialysis unit of Roemani Muhammadiyah Hospital, Semarang. The inclusion criteria were elderly patients (aged ≥60 years), undergoing hemodialysis ≥3 months, hemodialysis frequency twice a week, willing to participate in this study, able to communicate well, and has no history of mental disorders include a history of psychotic disorders and mental disorders due to substance use. Meanwhile, patients whose data were incomplete, transferred to another hemodialysis unit, HBsAg +, hemoglobin level /dl. FRAILTY score >2, and had other stressors not related to hemodialysis or chronic kidney disease (CKD) such as social, family, and work factors were excluded from this study. Depression was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory-II questionnaire. The collected data was then analyzed using Kaplan Meier and Cox Regression.Results. Of 32 respondents, most of them were male (81.3%). The mean age was 67.2 (SD 7) years. There were 6 (18.7%) respondents categorized into a depression group and 26 (81.3%) respondents into a non-depression group. Cox Regression analysis showed that depression was a predicting factor of all-cause mortality within six months in elderly hemodialysis patients (p value=0.012, and Hazard ratio=10.149). Conclusion. Depression is a predictor factor of all-cause mortality within six months in elderly hemodialysis patients.