Nugraha, Arga
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Permissive Attitudes to Domestic Violence on Women in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Nugraha, Arga; Puspitasari, Mardiana Dwi; Nasution, Sri Lilestina; Novianafari, Ifa Prasetya
MUWAZAH: Jurnal Kajian Gender Vol 13 No 2 (2021)
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28918/muwazah.v13i2.4154


Violence against women occurs in almost all countries and has become a global issue that is often reviewed and discussed at various seminars. The United Nations defines violence against women as "Any act of gender-based violence that results in or is likely to cause physical, sexual, or mental damage or suffering to women, including the threat of such actions, the coercion or deprivation of liberty arbitrarily, whether occurring in the public sphere and private life. The purpose of this analysis is to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics and women's involvement in decision-making in the household on permissive attitudes towards domestic violence in women. This analysis uses the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) data source with the unit of analysis being married women aged 15-49 as many as 35,681 respondents. Data analysis was performed descriptively and inferentially. The logistic regression multivariate test was used to analyze the influence of sociodemographic characteristics and women's involvement in decision making on the permissive attitude of domestic violence to women. The results of the analysis found that several variables influence permissive attitudes on domestic violence in women, namely: the role of women in decision making, age, number of children still alive, education level, access to the internet, wealth quintile, and location of residence. While work status does not significantly influence permissiveness towards domestic violence. Proactive socialization, comprehensive policy, and coordination across related sectors on an ongoing basis are expected to reduce domestic violence in the community.
Contribution of Contraception to Fertility in the Province of the Special Region of Yogyakarta Nugraha, Arga; Arsyad, Syahmida S; Nurhayati, Septi
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 18, No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v18i1.26135


The condition of the total fertility rate in Yogyakarta Province has tended to increase in the last decade. But there has also been a decline in the use of modern contraception. This study aims to study the determinant trend between fertility in the Province of Special Region (DI) Yogyakarta using the 2002/03 IDHS data and the 2017 IDHS with aggregate data for women of childbearing age 15-49 years. The results show that the pattern of marriage, the use and effectiveness of contraception, and the pattern of infertility during breastfeeding are intermediate determinants of fertility in DI Yogyakarta Province. Patterns of use and effectiveness of contraception are the main determinants of fertility in the two survey periods. The increasing marital index shows that the reproductive period of women in married status is getting longer and can cause them to be exposed to the possibility of giving birth to more children. The role of the use and effectiveness of contraception is still dominant in contributing to fertility decline. Therefore the use of contraception as a birth control still needs to be strengthened either through advocacy to stake holders in the local government.