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THE IMPLEMENTATION OF DISAGGREGATION ALGORITHM IN THE ANALYSIS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION BASED ON THE INTERNET-OF- THINGS TECHNOLOGY Husein H; Aditya Alviori; Maman Budiman; Mitra Djamal
AGRIBUSINESS JOURNAL Vol 13, No 1 (2019): AGRIBUSINESS JOURNAL
Publisher : Departement of Agribusiness Faculty of Science and Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (537.936 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/aj.v13i1.11869

Abstract

The effort to reduce the mass energy usage without involvement of consumers is not effective. Thereby, creating a pathway for anyone of consumer to be much more involved in the energy-saving effort. The implementation of disaggregation algorithm in the analysis of energy consumption is to recognize when and which appliance has the largest energy consumption and being able to control the state of all appliances from anywhere. In this research, the principle of disaggregation is event-based and low-sampling data frequency. A KWH-meter is used to send power data to the cloud server via MQTT protocol. The cloud server gathers the energy-consumption data, analyses them and then disaggregates them. The output of the disaggregation algorithm would tell the state (on/off), the average power and the percentage of energy consumed by each appliances. The output will then be sent from the cloud server to Android Apps via MQTT protocol. Then the consumer can easily access and control the energy consumption from their smartphone after knowing it through the disaggregation algorithm.
Pengembangan Universal Audio Scrambler Menggunakan Teknik Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) Maman Budiman; R Riyanto; Y Fitri; A Adnan
Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi Vol 3 No 1 (2011): Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Instrumentasi dan Otomasi (PTIO) Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/joki.2011.3.1.6

Abstract

AbstrakTelah didesain sebuah alat universal audio scrambler menggunakan teknik OFDM yaitu suatu teknik modulasi yang menggunakan banyak frekuensi (multicarrier) yang saling tegak lurus (orthogonal). Teknik ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan transformasi Fourier balik (Invers Fast Fourier Transform/IFFT) yang mengubah domain frekuensi menjadi domain waktu pada bagian pemancar (transmitter) sedangkan pada penerima menggunakan tranformasi Fourier (Fast Fourier Transform/FFT) untuk mendapatkan kembali sinyal dalam domain frekuensi. Frekuensi output dari transmitter  didesain berada pada daerah frekuensi audio dengan bandwith 2,4 kHz sehingga dapat diterapkan pada berbagai jenis alat komunikasi. Alat ini menggunakan kompresi suara CVSD dengan ratio 1:8 dan mapping 16PSK untuk memperkecil jumlah bit data.  Kecepatan transfer data (data rate) alat ini adalah 8 kbps. Desain juga diuji performanya terhadap variasi noise pada kanal transmisi dan terhadap frekuensi offset akibat efek doppler. Hasilnya, desain bekerja baik pada SNR di atas 60 dengan toleransi frekuensi offset sebesar 5 Hz.       Kata kunci: audio scrambler, OFDM, IFFT/FFT, 16PSK, CVSD.AbstractUniversal audio scrambler has been designed using OFDM technique, a modulation technique which uses multi-frequency (multi-carrier) that is orthogonal to each other. This technique is performed using Invers Fast Fourier Transformation (IFFT), which changes the frequency domain into time domain at the transmitter, while the receiver using Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) to get the signal back in the frequency domain. The output frequency of the transmitter is designed to be in the audio frequency area (2.4 kHz bandwidth), so that it can be applied to various types of communication tools. This tool uses CVSD voice compression with 1:8 ratios and 16PSK mapping to minimize the number of data bits. Data transfer speed (data rate) for this tool is 8 kbps. The design was also tested its performance against the variation of noise in transmission channels and the frequency offset due to Doppler effect. As a result, the design works well at SNR above 60 with a tolerance offset frequency of 5 Hz.      Keywords: audio scrambler, OFDM, IFFT/FFT, 16PSK, CVSD.
A Simple Microcontroller-Based 4-20 mA Current Loop Receiver for Sensors with Current Transmitters Arif Surachman; A. Suhendi; Maman Budiman; Mikrajuddin Abdullah; Khairurrijal Khairurrijal
Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi Vol 2 No 1 (2010): Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Instrumentasi dan Otomasi (PTIO) Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/joki.2010.2.1.2

Abstract

A current loop receiver system based on a microcontroller has been developed. The current loop receiver system can serve 8 gas sensors with 4-20 mA outputs, which are handled by employing a multiplexer. The data acquisition of the system is composed of a common operational amplifier-based current loop receiver, a CD4051 multiplexer, an ADS7822 serial analog to digital converter (ADC), and an AT89S52 microcontroller. The measured gas concentration is displayed on the 7-segments or transmitted to a personal computer via the RS232 serial communication to be processed by the Microsoft Excel. Additional functions such as gas concentration level warning and error code display are also provided. Keywords:4-20 mA, Current loop, Microcontroller, Receiver, Transmitter
Sistem Kontrol Otomatik Pembatasan Daya Listrik Berbasis Mikrokontroler PIC18F4520 Nur A. Aprianti; Indra W. Fathona; Suprijadi Suprijadi; Maman Budiman; Khairurrijal Khairurrijal
Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi Vol 2 No 2 (2010): Jurnal Otomasi, Kontrol, dan Instrumentasi
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Instrumentasi dan Otomasi (PTIO) Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5614/joki.2010.2.2.6

Abstract

Sistem kontrol otomatik yang diterapkan untuk membatasi daya listrik telah dirancang dan dikembangkan berbasis mikrokontroler PIC18F4520. Dalam melakukan pengontrolan, sistem tersebut menggunakan aksi kontrol on-off. Sebagai aktuator digunakan Triac beserta drivernya sedangkan sensornya menggunakan sensor arus berbasis efek Hall. Sistem tersebut dilengkapi keypad untuk memasukkan set point arus dan peraga LCD untuk memantau arus yang terukur. Dari pengujian yang telah dilakukan, ditunjukkan bahwa sistem telah berjalan baik. Aksi kontrol PID (proporsional-integral-diferensial) disarankan menggantikan on-off untuk pengontrolan yang lebih baik. Kata kunci: Aksi kontrol on-off, Kontrol otomatik, Mikrokontroler PIC18F4520, Pembatas Daya, Sensor efek Hall, TriacAbstractAutomatic control system for controlling the electronic power has been designed and developed based on microcontroller PIC18F4520 and on-off control action. This system uses Triac and its driver as an actuator and Hall Effect-based current sensor. This system also provided with a keypad to enter the set point current and LCD display to monitor the flow measured. From the testing that has been conducted, it was showed that the system has been running well. PID (proportional-integral-differential) controller is suggested to replace the on-off controller for better controlling.  Keywords:  on-off control action, Automatic control, Microcontroller PIC18F4520, Power restrain, Hall Effect sensor, Triac
DESAIN DAN PENGEMBANGAN ELEKTROMAGNET PORTABEL BERBASIS PELAT TEMBAGA Sony Wardoyo; Mitra Djamal; Maman Budiman
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL FISIKA (E-JOURNAL) Vol 8 (2019): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL FISIKA (E-JOURNAL) SNF2019
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika dan Program Studi Fisika Universitas Negeri Jakarta, LPPM Universitas Negeri Jakarta, HFI Jakarta, HFI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.429 KB) | DOI: 10.21009/03.SNF2019.02.PA.19

Abstract

Penemuan elektromagnet telah banyak memberikan pengaruh yang besar terhadap perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi, yang mana oleh karena sifat kemagnetan yang bisa diatur sehingga dapat memberikan manfaat praktis diantaranya motor listrik, relai, generator pembangkit listrik, dan saklar pintu otomatis. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan suatu desain dan rancangan elektromagnet berupa pelat tembaga yang di cetak berbentuk kepingan koin yang terdapat lubang ditengah untuk inti besi. Setiap pelat terdapat isolator yang memisahkan antar tiap pelat yang disusun berulir sehingga terbentuk heliks lilitan pelat tembaga. Hasil eksperimen didapat bahwa rancangan elektromagnet dengan menggunakan pelat tembaga, dapat menghasilkan medan magnet, 0 hingga 4 mTesla, dengan pengukuran menggunakan Gaussmeter. Implikasi pada penelitian ini akan berdampak pada riset fisika maupun ilmu rekayasa yang berkaitan pada penggunaan elektromagnet yang bersifat portabel dan ringkas, selain itu berpotensi untuk dikembangkan agar dapat menghasilkan medan magnet tinggi. The discovery of electromagnets has had a great influence on the development of science and technology, which is due to the magnetic nature that can be regulated so that it can provide practical benefits including electric motors, relays, generator power plants, and automatic door switches. In this study a design and design of an electromagnet in the form of a printed copper plate was formed in the form of a coin with a hole in the middle for an iron core. Each plate has an insulator that separates between each plate that is arranged in a thread so that a helical coil of copper plate is formed. The experimental results obtained that the electromagnetic design using a copper plate, can produce a magnetic field, 0 to 4 mTesla, with measurements using Gaussmeter. The implications of this study will have an impact on physics research and engineering science related to the use of electromagnets that are portable and compact, besides that they have the potential to be developed in order to produce high magnetic fields.