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Roymons Jimmy Dimu
Jurusan Teknik Mesin Fakultas Teknik Universitas Brawijaya

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Pengaruh Hardening dengan Media Quenching Fluida Getah Pohon Pisang terhadap Struktur Mikro dan Komposisi Kimia Baja Karbon Sedang Pangalinan, Antonius; Dimu, Roymons Jimmy
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 10, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21776/ub.jrm.2019.010.02.4


The purpose of this study was to determine how the chemical composition and microstructure formed in medium carbon steel hardened with banana tree sap fluid compared to oil and water. The process of carbon steel hardening is being heated to the austenite area (850oC ) then held for 10 minutes after which it is cooled quickly (quenching). During the cooling process, it is also measured the cooling rate of the three cooling media. Hardening process material is carried out by microstructure observation using an optical microscope with 400x magnification and also chemical composition testing with SEM-EDX. The results for measuring the cooling rate of banana fluid have a fast cooling rate of 36.9oC/s while water is 16.6oC/s and oil is 7.0oC/s. In observing the microstructure of water it has an unstable micro structure that is still the structure of pearlite, this is because the temperature of the cooling media is too high during quenching. And for oil microstructure and banana fluid get a homogeneous structure, namely martensite and bainite. From the results of testing the chemical composition, it was seen that there was an increase in carbon content in steel after hardening and quenching with the three cooling media. Conclusion The hardening process by quenching oil and banana fluids has a homogeneous micro structure compared to water. Water cooling process has the highest carbon content increase of 1.53 %C from before 0.52 %C.
Optimasi Hardening Baja Karbon Sedang dengan Fluida Getah Pohon Pisang Menggunakan Metode Taguchi Dimu, Roymons Jimmy; Widhiyanuriyawan, Denny; Sugiono, Sugiono
Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.238 KB)


The aim of this research is to increase the hardness of the material with hardening process. Factors that influence the hardening process are the raw material, the heating temperature, holding time and cooling medium. To obtain the optimum combination of factors hardening process, this research adopted the Taguchi experimental design method. The type used were orthogonal array L9 (34) which generates a combination of 4 factors with each factor has 3 levels.Raw materials used were retrieved from the leaf springs trucks, jeeps and minibuses which are medium carbon steels with different chemical compositions. Based on the heating temperature recommended for medium carbon steel hardening process is between 723 - 900ºC then the heating temperature used 723ºC, 800ºC, 850ºC. Whereas for the holding time that carbon steel is recommended for 5-10 minutes, then the holding time used were 5, 7.5, 10 min. For the cooling medium used in this research are banana tree sap fluid and also water and oil as a comparison. In this research presented the results of hardness test hardening process with a combination of treatments truck spring steel material, temperature 850ºC, 10 min holding time and cooling medium with banana tree sap fluid in order to get the highest hardness worth HRC 63.03. Based on the analysis of Taguchi method can be seen that the four factors the most influence on hardness of material is temperature, holding time, cooling medium, and the smallest is the material.Keywords: Hardening, Banana Tree Sap Fluid, Taguchi