Rindang Ekawati
Balai Pelatihan dan Pengembangan Perwakilan Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional Provinsi Jawa Barat

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Faktor Karakteristik Keluarga, Tingkat Fertilitas dan Pemakaian Kontrasepsi Ekawati, Rindang
Padjadjaran Journal of Population Studies Vol 10, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Padjadjaran Journal of Population Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.184 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini merupakan analisis lanjut dari data SDKI 2007 yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara faktor karakteristik latar belakang dengan tingkat fertilitas dan pemakaian kontrasepsi di Provinsi jawa Barat. Sampel adalah wanita berstatus kawin usia 15 hingga 49 tahun berjumlah 5243 orang. Data diolah menggunakan perangkat SPSS dan variabel karakteristik latar belakang dan tingkat fertilitas serta pemakaian kontrasepsi dianalisa menggunakan tabulasi silang, dilanjutkan dengan Uji Khai Kuadrat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat fertilitas (TFR maupun  ASFR) wanita di perkotaan lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan wanita di perdesaan. Tingkat fertilitas juga cenderung lebih tinggi pada wanita dengan tingkat pendidikan lebih tinggi dan indeks kekayaan lebih tinggi. Dari hasil uji statistik Khai kuadrat, ternyata terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara kesertaan ber KB dengan umur ibu, tingkat pendidikan dan indeks kesejahteraan, di mana kesertaan ber KB lebih banyak pada ibu-ibu yang berusia 30-49 tahun, yang berpendidikan lebih tinggi dan indeks kesejahteraan lebih tinggi. Sementara itu, tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara kesertaan ber KB dengan daerah tempat tinggal dan jumlah anak masih hidup.Kata Kunci: Keluarga, Fertilitas, Keluarga Berencana, Jawa Barat, Indonesia
Analysis of Factor Affecting Nutrition Status on Children Rahayuwati, Laili; Nurhidayah, Ikeu; Hidayati, Nur Oktavia; Hendrawati, Sri; Agustina, Habsyah Saparidah; Ekawati, Rindang
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 7, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1325.211 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v7i2.1131

Abstract

The problem of malnutrition remains overlooked in Indonesia, especially on children, caused by various factors. Indonesia is the 17th country with 3 nutrition problems, including stunting (short body), wasting (skinny body), and overweight (obesity). This research aims to analyze factors affecting nutrition status on children in the area of West Java Province, including the mother’s and the child’s socio-demographics factor, and the child’s health status. The research method was descriptive quantitative with cross-sectional approach. The number of samples is 810. The research was conducted in 6 districts that support Family Planning (KB), including Bandung District, Bandung City, West Bandung District, Subang District, Sumedang District, and Garut District. The quantitative analysis consisted of univariates using percentage and frequency distribution, as well as bivariate analysis using chi square test. The result of the research shows that nearly all toddlers have good nutrition status as much as 87.9%, and toddlers with malnutrition as much as 10.6%. The analysis factor shows that there is a relationship between the mother’s age (p = 0.048; OR = 1.583), family income (p = 0.010; OR = 1.803), delivery complications (p = 0.008; OR = 2.091), provision of exclusive breastfed milk (ASI) at the age of 0 - 6 years old (p = 0.000; OR = 2.321), provision of exclusive breast milk and complementary feeding given to babies before 6 months old (MPASI) at the age of 6 months to 2 years old (p = 0.002; OR = 2.037), and the child’s history of hospitalization (p = 0.008; OR = 2.055), while other factors are considered irrelevant. This research suggests that healthcare staff collaborate in providing knowledge to mothers on the provision of exclusive breast milk and complementary feeding as well as the prevention of illness on their children.
Determinant Factors of Fertility in Reproductive Age Women Ekawati, Rindang; Rahayuwati, Laili; Nurhidayah, Ikeu; Agustina, Habsyah Saparidah; Rahayu, Endah
Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran Vol 7, No 3 (2019): Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (850.455 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/jkp.v7i3.1274

Abstract

The target of the 2015 Medium-Term National Development Plan is the fertility rate of 2.1 children. However, based on The Indonesian National Demographic and Health Survey 2017, the fertility rate of West Java Province is similar to the national, which is 2.4 children. West Java is a barometer of the national fertility rate since one-fifth of Indonesia's population is in West Java. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence fertility (number of children ever born). The design of this study was cross-sectional. Data derived from the 2018 Survey of Accountability Programs Performance covered 12,350 women aged 15-49 years. The sample was 9,814 woman who had been married. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses with a confidence level of 0.05. Bivariate results found that five variables that affected fertility were the age of first marriage, frequency of marriage, use of contraceptive, ideal family size, and wealth index, while the area of residence was not related to fertility. Indeed there are three most dominant factors that have been related to fertility were the age of first marriage, frequency of marriage, and the use of contraceptives. The conclusion was that women who marry at an older age and use contraception have lower fertility rates.  This study can be considered in population control policies, especially to improve health promotion programs regarding the ideal marriage age for women and the use of contraception as an effort to control the population rate.  This study can be considered in population policies.
THE POTENTIAL VARIABLES OF FIRST CHILD’S ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS FROM 1994 TO 2012 Ekawati, Rindang; Rahayuwati, Laili; Praptiwi, Atlastieka
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF URBAN AND ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VOLUME 3, NUMBER 2, APRIL 2020
Publisher : Universitas Trisakti

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v3i2.5840

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed at comparing predictor variables associated with the environmental quality of first child. Since the beginning of 1987, Indonesian National Family Planning Board (BKKBN) has been discouraging early first marriage (marrying before 20 for females and before 25 for males). In 2016, BKKBN recommended ideal ages of marriage for females and males as old as 21 and 25 respectively. Methodology and Results: This study was a retrospective analysis involving 5 groups of data reported within the period of 1994-1997 (n=34,225), 1997-2000 (n=34,227), 2001-2004 (n=33,088), 2005-2009 (n=40,701), and 2009-2012 (n=45,607). Data were collected from the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey datasets (SDKI [Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia]). Data were analyzed using chi-square tests. Results indicated several variables that significantly contributed to the first child’s environment quality: (1) residential area (p value<0.05); (2) mother’s educational background (p value<0.05); (3) mother’s exposure to information media (p value<0.05); (4) mother’s employment status (significance were only found in two groups of data:  1994-1997 and 1997-2000 with each p value<0.05); (5) father’s educational background (p value<0.05).    Conclusion, significance and impact of study: In conclusion, there was an inconsistency with regard to strong and weak potential factors of first child’s environment quality within an eighteen-year period. It is recommended to reassess the predictors. It is also important to develop strategies to improve marriage quality and family formation.  
PENANGANAN UNMET NEED KB DI KAMPUNG KB: STUDI KASUS DI DUA KAMPUNG KB DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR Sulastri, Sri; Krisnani, Hetty; Sari, Diah Puspita; Ekawati, Rindang
Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Research Centre for Population, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jki.v14i2.376

Abstract

One of the tasks of  Kampung KB (Keluarga Berencana) is to reduce the proportion of unmet need for family planning by utilizing family planning field officers and gaining support from related institutions. This study aims to analyze the process of handling the unmet need for family planning in two Kampung KB in Cianjur Regency. The research used a qualitative approach in forms of individual in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. Data are analyzed descriptively based on case studies. The findings indicate that data recording instruments used daily in the research sites have not been able to identify groups of women with unmet need for family planning. Therefore, the existing services of family planning information have not been based on the needs of the target group. After the formation of Kampung KB, family planning information services and contraception services were more vigorous. While all of the services ease couples of childbearing age with unmet need for family planning to get related information and contraception, monitoring and evaluation activities still cannot be carried out because of the unavailability of officers as well as the target group and post-service data. In addition, there is no clear division of labor between the board Kampung KB and other family planning field officers in each stage of the handling of unmet need for family planning.