R. Melda Maesarach
Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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Islamic Economic Methodology Aproach to Achieve Economic Equity: Epistemological Study Nur Azlina; R. Melda Maesarach; Muhammad Said
BASKARA : Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship Vol 4, No 2 (2022): Baskara: Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.54268/baskara.4.2.28-39


Economic policies based on capitalism and socialism have proven to have failed to create a just economy. As a result of adhering to capitalist and socialist ideologies, macroeconomic imbalances and national instability occur. The welfare and prosperity of the people does not depend on production alone, but also on its proper distribution. Wealth in a country can be produced in large quantities, but if its distribution is not based on true and fair principles, then the country will not be able to achieve prosperity. This article aims to find out how the methodology of Islamic economics realizes equity and falah. This research uses descriptive qualitative research method with a literature review approach. Data collection techniques, with literature, from several sources obtained that are relevant to the theme. Books, journals, websites, and others. The data analysis technique is descriptive qualitative, describing the study of Islamic economic epistemology that can help realize economic equity. The results in this study BMT is a financial institutional system that is able to reform the conventional economic system and bring economic justice and equitable distribution with practical provisions through syar'i arrangements in collecting and distributing through wadi'ah, mudharabah, musyarakah, murabahah, salam, istishna transactions. , ijarah, and qardh. The implementation of Islamic social finance in Indonesia can be seen through the existence of various financial institutions that provide financial services by involving Islamic social funds such as Baznas (National Amil Zakat Agency), BWI (Indonesian Waqf Board) and other institutions with the aim of embracing the middle, small, and medium-sized micro communities.
Sukuk Linked Wakaf For MSME Develpoment R. Melda Maesarach; Tri Mulato; Ahmad Rodoni
BASKARA : Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship Vol 5, No 1 (2022): Baskara: Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.54268/baskara.5.1.95-107


The existing Sharia investment products are incorrect; the other is a state sukuk product. Aside from receiving returns on state sukuk, investors can also contribute to the country's development. Because the development of sukuk products is channeled to the actual sector, particularly for MSME (Micro, Small Maedium Enterprise) actors, Islamic financial institutions must play a role in carrying out the process of developing and aiding MSMEs. If many state sukuk products were previously allocated for infrastructure development, there needs to be an allocation for economic recovery through MSMEs under the current situations. The goal of this research is to assess the growth of state sukuk and the form of sukuk product development through state CWLS for the development of MSMEs. This is a qualitative study that examines the state sukuk market and the MSME sector. Secondary data was used, including information from the Ministry of Finance's Directorate General of Financing and Risk Management (DJPPR). The data analysis technique employed is descriptive qualitative, which depicts the evolution of state sukuk from 2019 to 2020, as well as forms of innovation for state sukuk goods designed specifically for MSMEs recovering from the covid-19 outbreak. PBS Auction Sukuk, PBS Private Placement Sukuk, SNI, SPN-S, Rite Sukuk (SR), and Savings Sukuk (ST) grew by 40.80% from 2019 to 2020, according to the findings of this study. Sukuk auctions at PBS increased by 39.59 percent, PBS Private Placement Sukuk increased by 214.39 percent, SR increased by 72.93 percent, and SNI Sukuk increased by 26.86 percent. In the meantime, SNI Sukuk fell by -30.01 percent, and ST fell by -35.76 percent. Providing business capital through Nazhir with a profit-sharing scheme, business assistance schemes, and maximizing the types of Waqf sukuk distributed to the productive sector are all schemes that can be implemented in developing MSMEs through the CWLS sukuk.