Siti Zunariyah
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Journal of Development and Social Change Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Volume 2 no. 1 April 2019
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.81 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/jodasc.v2i1.41653


Most of Indonesia’s rivers fall into the heavily polluted category. One of the heavily polluted rivers in Indonesu is the Brantas River. This research had purpose to understanding the problems in Brantas River and also to know the environmental movement in order to recovering Brantas River. The theory which was used in this research was New Social Movement theory from Rajendra Singh. This research was qualitative research with etnography methods. Data was obtained by observation, detailed interview, and also documentation. The subject of this research was Ecoton, the public accompanied by Ecoton on the headwaters and the downstream of the Brantas River, and the school accompanied by Ecoton. Researcher was using source triangulation techniques to test the collected data legitimation. Researcher used Miles and Huberman’s outlook in data analysis, which consist of three activity lines; data reduction, data presentation and draw conclusions.            Results show that there were many problems happened in Brantas River from the headwaters to the downstream. There were five problems found in this research. First, problems in Brantas River headwaters was reclaiming the land functions and illegal logging. Second, there were many abandoned buildings on the riverside. Third, domestic pollution from household. The buildings which were built on the riverside had made the people to easily throw away their garbages to the Brantas River. Mostly it was diapers, which could endanger human and the fishes whom lives in Brantas River. Fourth, the industrial pollution which already exceeds the permittable treshold. Industry had oftenly disposed their waste to the river without conducted the sewage management procedure which then created the new problems in Brantas River: a mass death fish. A mass death fish had become the fifth problems in Brantas River. The damage of environmental condition of Brantas River had pushed the movement from Ecoton. In their movement, Ecoton had the characteristic new social movement which was the ideology of care to the Brantas River damage. The strategy which was used by Ecoton were conducted partitions research, environmental education, advocation and also involved the media on every movement they had done. Ecoton had the non-institutional structure, which was unconcerned with power but put their focus to reach the aims and the visions.
Journal of Development and Social Change Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Volume 2 no. 2 Oktober 2019
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jodasc.v2i2.41661


The purpose of this study is to: To find out the meaning of the Pancasila symbol in the souls of students, To find out the practice of Pancasila values on student life, To know students in responding to Pancasila towards the meaning of a nation's identity.This study uses qualitative methods through in-depth interview techniques, and direct observation. Primary data obtained from interviews. The sampling of this study was through purposive sampling.The results of this study are:  The meaning of students towards Pancasila based on Max Weber's theory of action can be categorized into rational values (werk rational) which are based on divine values, mutual respect, adab, and humanity, and the value of justice. Besides affective actions based on the love of water and unity, The application of Pancasila into the daily lives of students can be categorized into rational acts of values based on mutual respect and do not differentiate between religious adherents, values unity and value of deliberation to reach consensus; affective actions based on the love of the motherland; instrumental rational actions based on means of respect and tolerance to achieve peace and unity, and means of association, participation in activities in society, Student attitudes towards Pancasila as a nation's identification are categorized into rational acts of value based on values respect for differences, values of togetherness or unity; instrumental rational value actions (zwerk rational) which are based on means of deliberation to reach consensus, the struggle to achieve goals; Affective action that is based on the love of the motherland.
Women Agency in Community-based Disaster Preparedness Irfiade Zarkasyi Talaththof; Siti Zunariyah
Journal of Development and Social Change Vol 4, No 2 (2021): Volume 4 no. 2 Oktober 2021
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/jodasc.v4i2.40317


The geographical condition of Indonesia is included in vulnerable areas where each region has diverse disaster risks. Various disasters often occur such as floods, landslides, earthquakes and so on. Therefore preparedness is needed before and after a disaster. To achieve preparedness we need access and control of resources. Women are often looked down upon by others and are seen as a weak group so that they are deemed not to have a strong ability to deal with various kinds of disaster conditions. The purpose of this research is to find out the women agency in community-based disaster preparedness. The root of this research theory uses Anthony Giddens's structuration theory which discusses the duality of agent and structure interactions. This research uses a qualitative research method with a descriptive approach. The informant selection technique in this study was purposive sampling which chose SIBAT women as key informants. The data used are primary and secondary data through interview, observation and documentation techniques. Test the validity of the data using source triangulation techniques. Data analysis in this study began with data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and continued with drawing conclusions.The ultimate goal is how to ensure women are resilient so they can coexist with disaster risk. Then the further question is how far the agency is, how vulnerable group is part of the effort to manage risk, or how they adapt to change and pressure. Although they depart from a strong informal community network (SIBAT) both in terms of information disclosure and the process of disaster management, it can be called a part of the structure that makes room for women's agency.The results showed that women have an agency that jumped from the general view that women have been perceived as a vulnerable group and are capable of having the capacity to deal with various vulnerabilities. SIBAT women are able to run agencies of Reproductive in the fields of ecology, economic, social, physical, and education. There are several factors that affect agents being able to jump into an agency when the actors make changes. The factors that influence women agency in terms of preparedness are opportunity and motivation, family support and family reason, and last but not least is participation and regeneration. Keywords                               : Women, Agency, Vulnerability, Capacity