Jean F.J. Timban
Jurusan Sosial-Ekonomi/Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Manado

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PERUBAHAN SOSIAL PADA PETANI KELAPA (Studi kasus Petani Kelapa di Desa Senduk, Kecamatan Tombariri) Sembel, Richi Romel; Sendow, Martha M.; Wangke, Welson M.; Timban, Jean F.J.
AGRI-SOSIOEKONOMI Vol 11, No 2A (2015)
Publisher : Sam Ratulangi University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/agrsosek.11.2A.2015.9260

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine how social changes in the lives of coconut farmers in the village Senduk over the last 10 years. This study uses a case study. Data collected in the form of primary data and secondary data. Primary data was collected by means of in-depth interviews on 20 respondents who are coconut farmers. The primary data is regarding the farmer characteristics and the occuring of social change process. While secondary data such as population growth comes from the Senduk village office. Primary data were analyzed descriptively. The research results showed that social change in the form of social order has been a shift. In this case the shift in social norms that lead to behavioral changes in Senduk coconut farmers in the village. The results showed that social change in the form of social order has been a shift. In this case the shift in social norms that lead to behavioral changes in society Senduk coconut farmers in the village. Likewise, there has been a change in people's lifestyles, people are more likely to implement a consumptive lifestyle. Coupled with the influx of new technologies have led to reduce a directly social interaction and also farmers began to abandon their traditions. Population growth that occurred over the last 10 years has led to an increase in density which in turn leads to the village of Senduk government should expand the area of ​​new settlements. The expansion of residential areas has an impact on agricultural land with the narrowing of agricultural land due to the transfer of use of agricultural land to residential land.      
PERILAKU PETANI DALAM PENGELOLAAN USAHATANI KELAPA DI DESA GOSOMA KECAMATAN TOBELO KABUPATEN HALMAHERA UTARA Tobelo, Paulus H.; Laoh, Esry O.H.; Timban, Jean F.J.; Baroleh, Jenny
COCOS Vol 6, No 10 (2015)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT  This study aims to identify the behavior of farmers in managing coconut farm in the village of Gosoma, Tobelo district.  Coconut farming in this area is not something new for the community, since it has been done using conventional practices revealing their penetration in the culture in this place. This culture should be adjusted to the farmers? economic needs. This can be a barrier if farmers have limited knowledge and their attitudes are still very traditional.  This research was conducted in the Gosoma village, Tobelo District. Data were collected for three months, from August to October 2014. The data obtained are primary data and secondary data.  Primary data were obtained directly from a survey for farmers involved in managing coconut farming in the village of Gosoma.  The secondary data were  obtained from some government bodies related to this study. The author takes a sample using purposive sampling technique with sample size of 50% of the total population or 60 coconut farmers.  The results show that 1) Farmers still apply  traditional  coconut processing, and still have the tendency to maintain  the heritage. 2) Coconut farmers like coconut farming jobs because they are used to working as farmers.  There are a few who do not  like to be farmers because of occasionally insufficient income in this business. Until now the coconut farmers have not been formally trained, but have learned from practices shown by their ancestors.  They were able to maintain their plantations because of the finances they get from this business. 3) Almost all parts of the coconut tree can be used such as midrib, leaves and shells.  However, the processing or utilization of the waste of palm trees has not been optimally processed.  Some people argued that the waste is useless and worthless. The conclusions of the study are 1) The  farmers in the village of  Gosoma  still apply traditional ways in managing coconut farm. There are four reasons behind this.  Firstly, out of the 60 coconut farmer respondents in the village of Gosoma, there are only 15% who are actively doing family run coconut farming.  Secondly, most the the 60 farmer respondents still rely on the products of their coconut farm. Moreover, for the coconut farmer, agricultural land is everything that makes a reliable source of food, a highly valued property,   and the most important factor for social status. Thirdly, out of the 60 farmer respondents there are 45 respondents who have a very strong will to preserve tradition and social solidarity.   Coconut farming waste is used for food and other daily needs. Coconut tree trunks and palm fronds are used as firewoods in the kitchen. Coconut fiber and shell are usually sold. The coconut shell is sometimes used to heat traditional iron to press clothes.   Key words: farmers? behavior, managing coconut farm, Tobelo
KEUNGGULAN KOMPETITIF DAN KOMPARATIF KOMODITI JAGUNG PIPIL DI MINAHASA SELATAN Karaeng, Winda T.; Pangemanan, Paulus A.; Talumingan, Celsius; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 5, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i2.5590

Abstract

ABSTRACTWinda Trisnawati Karaeng. Competitive and Comparative Advantages of Corn Commodity in South Minahasa Regency, Under guidance of Dr. Ir. Paul A. Pangemanan, MS as a Chairman, Ir. Celsius Talumingan, MP and Jean F. J. Timban, SP, MSi as Members.The objective of this research is to analyze competitive and comparative advantages of corn commodity in South Minahasa. The research had been done for two months, start from April 2014 until May 2014. Location of this research was Paslaten Satu Village at Tatapaan Sub District, North Sulawesi Province. Data used in this research was from primary and secondary data. Primary data was from interviews with respondents by used a list of questionaire. While the secondary data was from the relevant departments, such as Agricultural Service, Industrial Service and Statistical Centre Department.The research result showed that corn commodity in South MinahasaRegency has advantages using calculations of Private Profitability (137,159) and Social Profitability (68,139). It means that the corn commodity was efficient and had both competitive advantage and comparative advantage. Two indicators for measure competitiveness were 1) Private Cost Ratio (PCR) show that the corn farmer’s is more competitive because PCR < 1, and 2) Domestic Resources Cost Ratio (DRCR) show that the corn commodity has comparative advantage because DRCR < 1. It means that the corn commodity according to financial analysis was efficient and has greater potency in international trade.
EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KOPI DI DESA PURWOREJO TIMUR KECAMATAN MODAYAG KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW TIMUR Lasabuda, Friyantiarno; Mandei, Juliana R.; Baroleh, Jenny; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 6, No 16 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i16.9188

Abstract

ABSTRACT Friyantiarno Lasabuda, 080314034, Household Economic of Coffee Farmer in East Purworejo Modayag Distric East Bolaang Mongondow Regency under the guidance of Juliana Mandei as chairman, Jenny Baroleh and Jean Timban as members. This research aims to know how the characteristics of coffee farmer in East Purworejo Modayag Distric East Bolaang Mongondow Regency and how the revenue scheme and expenditure of the coffee farmer in this village. This research wasconducted in East Purworejo Modayag Distric East Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The data used in this study is primary data and secondary data, the primary data obtained from direct interview to 30 respondents of coffee farmer in east purworejo village and the secondary data obtained from related agency. Data are analyzed descriptively and presented in tabular form. The results showed that the income of coffee farmers in East Purworejo revenue comes from three sources, which is: coffee farming, farm income other than coffee, and income outside of farming, while household farmers expenditure is divided into three, which is food consumption expenditure, consumption expenditure non-food production and production investment and education. Coffee as the main agricultural commodity in this village with a large production costs are not capable of providing significant advantages over the life of farmers so that farmers seek other alternatives to cover household needs From this research, farmers in the East Purworejo to meet the needs of households consisting of consumption of food, non-food and investment. To cover the needs of farmers in this village not only rely on coffee farming as a main source of income but rather cultivate other crops and professions outside of farming in order to be able to cover the needs of farm households. Keywords : household economic, revenue and expenditure
PROFIL USAHA MINYAK ATSIRI PALA UD. WIDIA MANDIRI DI DESA TREMAN Sirait, Paris Loziner Edison; Rantung, Ventje V.; Pangemanan, Lyndon R.J.; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to determine the profile of the business nutmegessential oil. This study used primary data obtained through interview techniques directly tobusiness owners using a list of questions were primarily production and cost. The methodanalysis was a descriptive analysis and presented in tables. Other analysis was costs, revenues,profits, and ratio of R/C.The results of this research indicated that the efforts of nutmeg essential oil "UD. WidiaMandiri" was still considered home industry. The capital came from their own family capital.The raw materials used were nutmeg for one-time distillation process as much as 250 kg with ayield of 7%. For one month only produced a one-time distillation process and products at a sizeof 702 bottles of 10 ml, and 200 bottles of 60 ml.The nutmeg essential oil distillation enterprise employed only 2 employees and one labor.The product was marketed in the industry itself and at some souvenir shops in Manado city,namely: Merciful Building, Kawanua Souvenir, and Manado Souvenir. This effort received aprofit of Rp. 1.806.500,00 for a month of production.Based on this research it can be concluded that the management is still very simple. Therehas been no attempt to distinguish the budgetary accounting industry and household budget. Theresults of the analysis of the ratio of R / C was 1.1 indicating that the business is feasible to bedeveloped.
KONTRIBUSI USAHATANI SALAK TERHADAP PENDAPATAN KELUARGA PETANI DI WILAYAH PANGU KECAMATAN RATAHAN TIMUR Timbulus, Christiani S.; Sendow, Martha M.; Katiandagho, Theodora M.; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 6, No 9 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v6i9.8203

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Christiani S. Timbulus, 2015. farming contributes to the family income of farmers bark at Pangu Regional District of East Ratahan (under the guidance of  Martha M. Sendow, as Chairman, as well as Theodora M. Katiandagho and Jean F. J. Timban as Members).  This study aims to analyze the contribution of farm income to the family income of farmers bark barking at Pangu Territory, in 2014. The study was conducted in the region, namely Pangu Pangu village of Parent, Village Pangu Pangu Village One and Two, District East Ratahan Southeast Minahasa District for four months , namely in November 2014 until April 2015, from preparation, data collection, to the preparation of research reports. Data were analyzed using descriptive quantitative contribution formula farmers' income. Results from this study indicate that farm barking contribute to the family income of farmers in the region Pangu. Each for every strata of research which contributes Parent Pangu farm barking in the amount of 78.39%, Pangu 1 with a contribution of 71.06% and Pangu 2 with a contribution of 66.57%. This means farming barking becomes a source of farmers 'income because the value of farmers' income to the total income of the family is very large.   Keyword : Contribution, Revenue, Farmer, Farming Bark
PERGESERAN STRUKTUR PEREKONOMIAN DI PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA Tumandung, Marlyanti; Pangemanan, Paulus A.; Laoh, Esry O.H.; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 5, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i3.5999

Abstract

ABSTRACTMarlyanti Tumandung. Shifting of Economic Structure in North Sulawesi Province (Underguidance of Paul A. Pangemanan as a Chairman, O. Esry H. Laoh and Jean FJ Timban as Members).The objective of this research is to analyze the economy structural shift in from of the North Sulawesi Province . The study was conducted over three months starting from July 2014 until September 2014 in North Sulawesi Province. The data used in this study was secondary data obtained from the North Sulawesi Province Central Bureau of Statistics. The data used was the Gross Domestic Product ( GDP) at constant prices of 2003-2012 . This analysis uses descriptive .The research result showed that most sectors contributing to the GDP formation in North Sulawesi was the tertiary sector . The contribution of the tertiary sector continued to increase in 2003-2012 period while the primary sector declined .Keyword: Gross Domestic Product ( GDP), primary sector, tertiary sector.
Kontribusi Usaha Pengolahan Sagu Terhadap Pendapatan Keluarga di Kampung Tola Kecamatan Tabukan Utara Damalang, Mareta; Katiandagho, Theodora M.; Lolowang, Tommy F.; Timban, Jean F.J.
COCOS Vol 4, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v4i4.4035

Abstract

ABSTRACTMareta Damalang. Sago Processing Contribution to the Family Income in Tola Village NortTabukan sub District, Under guardance of Th. M. Katiandagho as a Chairman, T. Lolowang and J. Timban as Members.The Objective of this research is to determine contribution of sago processing to the family income in Tola Village northenTabukan district.This study use survey method The data used are primary data and secondary data. Primary data is obtained by direct interviews with farmer and analyzed descriptively, and secondary data is obtained from related institution.The result of this research showed that the contribution of sago processing to the family incomewas 75,00 %, other income (Civil Servants, construction, workers, drivers) was 17,67 % , coconut and nutmea farm income was 21,97 %The conclusion of this research result is sago processing still dominant compared to the other business.