Rofhani Rofhani, Rofhani
Fakultas Ushuluddin IAIN Sunan Ampel, Surabaya

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Melacak Gerakan Radikal Islam dari Wahabisme ke Global Salafisme Rofhani, Rofhani
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 5 No 1 (2015): March
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

The movement of Salafism constitutes part of the Islamic history of fundamentalism. They call their self as Salafis, who etymologically means “what had passed through and gone before” or “the outdistancing group”. The appearance of Global-Salafism apparently starts from the will of coming back to the past, which is the period of as-Salaf ash-S{âlih}. In the next development, it had to deal with the shifting perspective from theological nuance into political movement (Jihad-Salafism) which well issued by the appearance of phenomenon of many radical movements. Discourse about Salafism therefore is actually being pretentious after the tragedy of World Trade Center (WTC), September 11, 2001. Salafism is Islamic radical movement which attempts to modify Islamic traditional legacy. Unlike other group on Islamic movement that use religious reform within their progress, Salafism uses retrograde process as practical method. This article aims to explore at least three issues concerning with Salafism: (1) the basic doctrine of Salafism and its response to politics, (2) its movement and fragmentation, and (3) how it constructs follower’s conviction in different states in the world. This article primarily refers to Roel Meijer’s book, Global Salafism; Islam’s New Religious Movement. In this book, Meijer wrote about intellectual’s concern and care for global Salafism. In addition, this article also refers to other references to enrich its analysis, specifically the social influences of global Salafism. 
Pola Religiositas Muslim Kelas Menengah di Perkotaan Rofhani, Rofhani
Religió: Jurnal Studi Agama-agama Vol 3 No 1 (2013): March
Publisher : Program Studi Studi Agama-Agama, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Sunan Ampel Surabaya

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Abstract

A city, modern in culture, offers variety of happiness, pleasures that similar with the paradise in the world as mentioned in the holy scriptures. People think that such condition commonly lead to a negative assumption referring to people religious moral ethic. In one occasion, such condition effect to the fundamental movement that offers Islamic culture. However, it does not work on a certain group of people. In one hand, those who are called as urban middle class Muslim mostly refuse any fundamental culture that have believed as ways, ancient, traditional or even a backward. On the other hand, they also reject western culture since some assess that it can harm Islamic religion internally and externally. In this regard, this article aims to describe religious patterns of middle class society which is living in the city, where chronicles of modernity have appeared with their very artificial forms. For some people, living in the city is assumed as a threatening life to weaken morality. This creates such as fundamental movements with their imaginative Islamic objectives. They offer to acknowledge a modern and Islamic style of live. Exploring academic discourse of modernity, religion, and culture, this article elucidates the modern Islamic pattern of life within middle class Muslim in the city.
Budaya Urban Muslim Kelas Menengah Rofhani, Rofhani
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol. 3 No. 1 (2013): June
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (698.592 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2013.3.1.181-210

Abstract

This article will discuss the cultural dimension is understood in the conventional sense, ie as beliefs, values, and a person?s lifestyle in everyday life. In addition, this article will examine the cultural phenomenon of the modern (or even postmodern) is by some regarded as an ethical culture that reduces the value of the community. These conditions then led to the birth of fundamentalism that offer Islamic culture. But in its development, this solution has not quite accepted by the Muslim urban middle class, as assessed ancient cultures offer, traditional or even outmoded, but on the other hand they also indicate a negation of the Western culture which is considered to damage the image of Muslims. Therefore, this group tried to make a synthesis of culture with other cultures raises and offering style that still offers a more modern Islam and not obsolete.
Kesalehan Artifisial dan Penegasan Identitas Perempuan Muslim Kelas Menengah Rofhani, Rofhani
TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam Vol 6 No 2 (2016): December
Publisher : Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15642/teosofi.2016.6.2.436-449

Abstract

The development of Muslim fashion models has triggered the consumption and production of a new culture, which shapes the culture of piety of middle-class Muslim women in urban areas. There has been an exchange of values ​​between social status and piety where they assert their identity and present themselves as Muslims who live within modern lifestyle and at the same time they adjust their religiosity in accordance with Islamic values. City, a place of worldly materialistic realm, and spiritual aspects seem have no more boundaries; both are united in the space of piety represented in everyday life. This article argues that Muslim dress is a means of affirming one’s identity as a pious Muslim. However, the piety shown by the middle-class Muslim women has been artificially oriented to virtual-material aspects. Employing ethnographic method and interdisciplinary approach, this article seeks to answer the question whether the appearance of godliness dressing of middle-class women in urban areas has been intended merely to confirm their religious identity or simply as an intention of following a trendy clothing style. This study finds that religious values which deal with ethical-normative aspects (piety) have transformed into an aesthetic form, i.e. a popular form of religious way.