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PERLAWANAN SENYAP TERHADAP SISTEM PERNIKAHAN ADAT MELALUI SASTRA TULIS: NOVEL BELIS IMAMAT, KARYA INYO SORO Rodliyah, Siti
Paramasastra Vol 5, No 1 (2018): Vol 5 no 1 Bulan Maret 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26740/parama.v5n1.p%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTBelis Imamat (BI), sebuah novel karya Inyo Soro menceritakan tentang perjalanan hidup seorang calon pastor (Iting), bercita-cita menentang tirani belis (mas kawin) yang dirasa menjadi sumber berbagai masalah sosial sepanjang generasi. Pokok bahasan dalam penelitian ini mengangkat fenomena sosial-budaya yang dikemas penulis melalui sebuah novel, pandangan dunia penulis, dan nilai pendidikan yang tercermin dalam novel tersebut. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisis dokumen, mulai dari tahap membaca, pencatatan dan kemudian analisis dokumen. Pandangan Inyo Soro tentang keberadaan belis dalam adat-istiadat masyarakat Nusa Tenggara Timur sebagaimana diceriterakan dalam novel belisImamat mengungkapkan bahwa belis memang sebuah tradisi yang mencerminkan pernikahan tradisional yang sangat memberatkan, bahkan lebih dari itu, belis sering mengikis nilai-nilai cinta dan kemanusiaan. Disamping menjadi syarat sahnya sebuah hubungan perkawinan, tradisi yang kuat dan tak terelakkan anggota masyarakat yang menjunjung tinggi belis menunjukkan pandangan alternatif seorang penulis terhadap esensi belis dengan sesuatu yang bernilai lebih tinggi daripada materi yakni gelar kehormatan Imamat. Pentahbisan gelar imamat merupakan pengganti bagi belis orang tua yang pernah terhutang, yang pada dasarnya sebagai refleksi hakikat belis itu sendiri.Keywords: Belis Imamat; novel; adat; masyarakat
Between Economic Burden and Cultural Dignity: Belis in the Marital Custom of the NTT Society Rodliyah, Siti; Purwasito, Andrik; Sudardi, Bani; Abdullah, Wakit
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 9, No 1 (2017): Komunitas, March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v9i1.8672

Abstract

The indigenous marital system giving belis ‘bride price’ practiced by the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), Indonesia, is one of the Nusantara marital custom phenomena that  today has developed and raised issues of both pros and cons which deserves critical scrutiny from Cultural studies and Anthropological perspective. Both perspectives facilitate the critical standpoint of the NTT society’s mindset summarized in the cultural or customary marriage rules requiring a marriage with belis. This study revealed that in the attitude towards belis, the East Nusa Tenggara women agreed and taken for granted the construction of their reality and power production through various discourses. Current practice of belis raises the economic capitalism up to the identity contestations. Lately, the essence and value of belis have changed and are likely to be more commercial. Even some may view it as mere a symbol and customary fixtures, such as in the region of Lamaholot imposing the elephant tusks, and the Allor society with their Moko as the payment methods of belis.  Belis has left biggest challenge for the communities who are not able to afford higher bride-price objects, this consequently lead to a more emerging unlawful marriages as a resistance against the unresolved poverty problems.
MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR GEOGRAFI TENTANG BIOSFER MELALUI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE JIGSAW PADA SISWA KELAS XI IPS SMA NEGERI 1 PATI TAHUN 2013 Rodliyah, Siti; ,, Suwarto; Soegiyanto, Heribertus
GeoEco Vol 1, No 2 (2015): GeoEco Juli 2015
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

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Abstract

Penelitian dilatar belakangi oleh rendahnya hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran geografi/dibawah kriteria ketuntasan minimal (KKM) yang ditentukan oleh sekolah yaitu 77. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui; 1) peningkatan hasil belajar geografi tentang biosfer melalui pembelajaran dengan model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe jigsaw pada siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 1 Pati Tahun 2013, 2) peningkatan aktivitas siswa belajar geografi tentang biosfer melalui pembelajaran dengan model kooperatif tipe jigsaw pada siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 1 Pati Tahun 2013. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan kelas yang dilaksanakan dengan dua siklus dan tiap siklus meliputi empat tahapan dimulai dari perencanaan tindakan, pelaksanaan tindakan, observasi dan merefleksi. Penelitian ini bersifat kolaboratif yang melibatkan seorang teman guru geografi mulai dari perencanaan, sebagai observer dan merefleksi. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah dengan teknik analisis statistik deskriptif dan deskri[ptif kualitatif. Subyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI IPS SMA Negeri 1 Pati tahun 2013. Pengumpulan data dengan metode observasi untuk mengetahui aktivitas siswa dalam proses pembelajaran geografi dan tes untuk mengetahui hasil belajar siswa. 1) Hasil yang diperoleh dalam penelitian ini rata-rata nilai meningkat dari sebelum diberi tindakan (pretest ) sampai pada setelah diberi tindakan siklus I dan siklus II. Rata-rata pretest siklus I mencapai 56,55; rata-rata siklus I mencapai 70,59; rata-rata pretest siklus II mencapai 76,19 dan rata-rata siklus II mencapai 82,14. Peningkatan hasil belajar siswa ini diikuti pula peningkatan aktivitas siswa dalam mengikuti proses pembelajaran. Penilaian aktivitas siswa didapat dari: respon siswa dalam mengikuti pelajaran siklus I sebesar 57,5% naik menjadi 90% pada siklus II, interaksi siswa pada siklus I sebesar 62,5% naik menjadi 87,5% pada siklus II , kerjasama 67,5% pada siklus I naik menjadi 92,5% pada siklus II, dan tanggung jawab pada siklus I sebesar 62,5% naik menjadi 95% pada siklus II. Dari hasil penelitian tersebut, kesimpulan yang dapat diambil adalah penerapan model pembelajaran kooeratif tipe jigsaw dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar dan aktivitas siswa belajar geografi tentang biosfer pada siswa kelas XI-IPS SMA Negeri 1 Pati tahun 2013.Kata Kunci: Pembelajaran kooperatif Tipe Jigsaw, Hasil Belajar
Relevansi Dinding Baca dalam Menumbuhkan Literasi Sosial Siswa di Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand Rodliyah, Siti; Shobirin, Ma'as; Martanti, Fitria
IJTIMAIYA: Journal of Social Science Teaching Vol 5, No 1 (2021): IJTIMAIYA : Journal of Social Science Teaching
Publisher : Program Studi Tadris IPS Fakultas tarbiyah IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/ji.v5i1.9975

Abstract

The focus in this research is related to the implementation of the reading wall as an effort to foster the literacy tradition of grade I students at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand. This research uses qualitative research methods. The results showed that the implementation of the reading wall at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand has 5 stages. The first stage, gives 60 minutes to read. The second stage, summarizes what has been read from the reading wall, the third stage is working on the problem. The fourth stage recounts what has been read in front of the class. The fifth stage provides appreciation for students who tell stories in front of the class, and appreciation for those who have worked on questions with the best scores. The role of grade I teachers in implementing the reading wall is as a companion and facilitator. In addition to assisting students in reading wall activities as a literacy process, the teacher also acts as a facilitator. The obstacle that occurs in implementing the reading wall as an effort to foster the literacy tradition of grade I students at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School is that classroom teachers cannot focus on making reading walls because the teacher's working hours are the same as school hours. The lack of cohesiveness of all grade I teachers makes the making of reading walls difficult if it is done without the cohesiveness of teachers between class I. 
Relevansi Dinding Baca dalam Menumbuhkan Literasi Sosial Siswa di Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand Rodliyah, Siti; Shobirin, Ma'as; Martanti, Fitria
IJTIMAIYA: Journal of Social Science Teaching Vol 5, No 1 (2021): IJTIMAIYA : Journal of Social Science Teaching
Publisher : Program Studi Tadris IPS Fakultas tarbiyah IAIN Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/ji.v5i1.9975

Abstract

The focus in this research is related to the implementation of the reading wall as an effort to foster the literacy tradition of grade I students at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand. This research uses qualitative research methods. The results showed that the implementation of the reading wall at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School Thailand has 5 stages. The first stage, gives 60 minutes to read. The second stage, summarizes what has been read from the reading wall, the third stage is working on the problem. The fourth stage recounts what has been read in front of the class. The fifth stage provides appreciation for students who tell stories in front of the class, and appreciation for those who have worked on questions with the best scores. The role of grade I teachers in implementing the reading wall is as a companion and facilitator. In addition to assisting students in reading wall activities as a literacy process, the teacher also acts as a facilitator. The obstacle that occurs in implementing the reading wall as an effort to foster the literacy tradition of grade I students at MI Saengprathip Wittaya Mulniti School is that classroom teachers cannot focus on making reading walls because the teacher's working hours are the same as school hours. The lack of cohesiveness of all grade I teachers makes the making of reading walls difficult if it is done without the cohesiveness of teachers between class I.