This study aims to analyze the forms and processes of socio-cultural change that occurred in the people of Lingai Village, Menggala Timur District, Tulang Bawang Regency, Lampung Province after the establishment of the oil palm industry (PT Menggala Sawit Indo) in the area. The method used in this research is qualitative method. Data collection is done by observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Taking informants using the snow ball technique, so as to obtain as many as 23 informants consisting of village officials, religious leaders, youth leaders, community leaders, and the general public. The results showed that the existence of palm oil industry in the countryside caused socio-cultural changes as follows: a) changes in courtesy, especially young people, however, in broad outline aspects of culture, language, and manners did not experience significant changes; b) changes in the intensity and number of people working together; c) intra and inter-community interactions that are getting better and the formation of integration in the community; d) the lively religious life and the abandonment of the old belief system; e) changes in consumption patterns and people's lifestyles; f) the increasing work ethic of the community; g) the formation of new social classes, namely factory workers who look successful occupy a new social status position and the occurrence of social mobility of society, especially in terms of their income and social status; h) the development of economic organizations; i) the development of new livelihoods in the non-agricultural sector; j) the emergence of social problems, such as gambling and alcoholic beverages; and k) changes in the way people view health and increase social security for health, especially for people who work in factories.
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