Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
Vol 41, No 1 (2021)

Comparison Between The Effect of Clove, Filter and Biomass Cigarette Smoke to The Lung Function of COPD Patients at Harum Melati Pringsewu Clinic Lampung Province, Period January 2013-January 2020

Retno Ariza S Soemarwoto (Universitas Lampung, RSUD Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek)
Hetti Rusmini (Universitas Malahayati)
Fransisca Sinaga (Universitas Malahayati)
Agus Dwi Susanto (Universitas Indonesia, RSUP Persahabatan)
Arif Widiyantoro (Universitas Malahayati)

Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jan 2021


Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a common disease characterized by respiratory symptoms and limited air flow associated with the airways and/or alveolar abnormalities triggered by a significant effect on substances or gases. COPD is the leading of death cause in the world. COPD can be caused by cigarette smoke and biomass. Method: This research is aquantitative method with descriptive analytic and retrospective approach. The samples were 203 COPD patients taken from medical records January 2013-January 2020 at Harum Melati Pringsewu Clinic Lampung Province with statistical test use Analysis Varians (ANOVA) technique. Results: From the characteristics based on type of COPD smoke exposure were clove smokers 127 people (62.6%), filter smokers 3 people (1.5%) and biomass users 73 people (36.0%). The mean lung function COPD patients based on type of smoke exposure were 127 people with clove smokers with average lung function value 55.03%, the lowest value 12.20% and the highest 121.50%. Filter smokers of 3 people with average lung function value 75.07%, the lowest value was 67.00% and the highest 81.41%. Biomass users 73 people with average lung function value 56.91%, the lowest value 19.50% and the highest 149.13%. Comparison the effect clove cigarettes smoke, filter cigarettes and biomass on the pulmonary function of COPD patients obtained P=0.319. Conclusion: There is a decrease lung function in clove smokers, filter smokers and biomass users in COPD patients but not statistically significant difference.

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Journal Info





Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology


Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case ...