Scientia Psychiatrica
Vol. 2 No. 1 (2021): Scientia Psychiatrica

Is Neurofeedback therapy beneficial for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?

Dwidjo Saputro (Department of Child Development and Learning Difficulties, Smart Kid Clinic, Jakarta, Indonesia)

Article Info

Publish Date
03 Jan 2021


Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a biological disease in brain function that is chronic, which results in the function of regulating response and decision making (executive function) not following the child's age development. Pharmacological therapy, especially methylphenidate, is still the primary therapy, even though it is not responsive to drugs. Multimodal therapy is a recommended therapy for ADHD treatment in Europe and the United States, which includes psycho-pharmaceutical therapy, behavioural therapy and family psycho-education. The administration of behaviour therapy alone does not provide satisfactory results, especially for long-term effects. Neurofeedback therapy is a form of behavioural therapy, with the principle of operant conditioning, which aims to train and condition the brain, with feedback from the brain's electrical waves. This paper aims to explain how far the benefits of neurofeedback therapy for people living with ADHD are based on available research data from the latest research results.

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Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Neuroscience Public Health


Scientia Psychiatrica covers the latest developments in various fields of psychiatric : biological psychiatry, neuropsychiatry, child psychiatry, psychiatry of community, psychotherapy, drugs-related mental illness, psychiatry of geriatric, psychosomatics medicine, psychology, cultural psychiatry, ...