Jurnal Rekayasa Proses
Vol 15, No 2 (2021)

Effect of Surfactant Type on Synthesis and Characteristics of Nanonickel Hydroxide

Kevin Cleary Wanta (Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Katolik Parahyangan)
Stephen Lim (Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Katolik Parahyangan)
Ratna Frida Susanti (Jurusan Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknologi Industri, Universitas Katolik Parahyangan)
Gelar Panji Gemilar (PT. Petrokimia Gresik)
Widi Astuti (Research Unit for Mineral Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI))
Himawan Tri Bayu Murti Petrus (Departemen Teknik Kimia, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Gadjah Mada)

Article Info

Publish Date
30 Dec 2021


Nickel hydroxide has a vital role in various applications, especially as a support material for energy storage materials. Nickel hydroxide can be synthesized through the hydroxide precipitation method. However, the product formed by this method may be large or more than 100 nm because the agglomeration step can occur easily. This present work aims to study the effect of surfactant types in the synthesis and characterization of nickel hydroxide nanoparticle. Nickel sulfate (NiSO4) solution was used as a precursor solution, while 5M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution was used as a precipitation agent. The surfactants studied were alkyl benzene sulfonate (ABS), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The nickel hydroxide synthesis process was carried out at 50 oC for 1 hour. The surfactant concentration used was at the critical micelle concentration (CMC), where the CMC for ABS, SDS, CTAB, and PVP were 0.01; 0.05; 3; and 0.5 %w/v, respectively. The synthesis of nickel hydroxide nanoparticle was carried out successfully precipitated almost 100% of Ni2+ ions. The product characterization that has been carried out shows that ABS surfactant produces the best nickel hydroxide nanoparticle product where the particle size is 3.12–4.47 nm.

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Jurnal Rekayasa Proses (J. Rek. Pros) is an open-access journal published by Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada as scientific journal to accommodate current topics related to chemical and biochemical process exploration and optimization which covers ...