Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia
Vol. 25, No. 1

Multiculturalism as a Mediator of Ethnic Identity and National Identity among Javanese Adolescents

Priwati, Acintya Ratna (Unknown)
Putri, Adelia Krishna (Unknown)
Puri, Valendra Granitha Shandika (Unknown)
Ayuningtya, Annisa Ardi (Unknown)
Minza, Wenty Marina (Unknown)
Yuniarti, Kwartarini Wahyu (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jul 2021


The development of national identity in a highly multicultural nation begins by identifying oneself to a particular ethnic group and realizing that multiculturalism is the bridge between both identities. This research aims to discover the link between national identity, ethnic identity, and multiculturalism in Indonesia, specifically for Javanese. This study utilized three measurement scales: (1) National Identity Scale to measure national identity; (2) Ethnic Identity Scale to measure the sense of belongingness to the Javanese ethnicity; and (3) Universal Diverse Orientation (UDO), to measure multiculturalism. This study's participants consist of 441 college students in Yogyakarta (male = 115; female = 326), ranging from 17 to 21. The regression analysis result shows that the mediation model supports this research hypothesis, namely that multiculturalism mediates the relationship between ethnic identity and national identity. Therefore, the current finding generates a new conception regarding the related theme.

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Journal Info






Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia or Makara Hubs-Asia is a regional journal that seeks to advance understanding of human behavior in the context of Asia through the publication of empirical research articles that may stimulate further research. The word Makara symbolizes the emblem of the ...