Vol 13, No 2 (2023)

The reconstruction of palupuh: The story of the natuurmonument and defense base in 1948

Fikrul Hanif Sufyan (STKIP Yayasan Abdi Pendidikan Payakumbuh)
Destel Meri (STKIP Yayasan Abdi Pendidikan Payakumbuh)
Nahdatul Hazmi (STKIP Yayasan Abdi Pendidikan Payakumbuh)
Y Yuhardi (STKIP Yayasan Abdi Pendidkan Payakumbuh)
Aldi Saputra (STKIP Yayasan Abdi Pendidikan Payakumbuh)

Article Info

Publish Date
28 Jul 2023


Palupuh had an important role in the past. Because the area, which was part of the Oud Agam Sumatra Westkust during the Dutch colonial era, was once designated by the government as a natuurmonument or forest conservation area. During the emergency government of the Indonesian republic (PDRI), it was once an important part of the defense of the mobilie brigade or mobbrig, and the ranks of the people from the onslaught of the Dutch army. In principle, this article aims to explain how Palupuh was before independence and the importance of this area for the defense base in 1948-1949. This article is organized in accordance with historical methods, namely heuristics, criticism, interpretation and historiography. The research findings show that during 1948-1949, when the Dutch bombarded Bukittinggi, the mobilie brigade moved its defense base several times. The final choice was Palupuh, which was a defense base in protecting Pasaman, which is in the north and Luhak Limopuluah Koto in the south. The mobrig troops and the nagari or kota defense line (BPNK) heroically guarded the defense bases to the north and south.

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Journal Info





Arts Humanities Education Social Sciences


Agastya: Jurnal Sejarah dan Pembelajarannya is a biannual journal, published by Universitas PGRI Madiun on January and July, with regitered number ISSN 2087-8907 (printed), ISSN 2502-2857 (online). Agastya provides a forum for lecturers, academicians, researchers, practitioners, to deliver and share ...