Asy-Syir'ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari'ah dan Hukum
Vol 48, No 1 (2014)

Islamic Law In A Secular State : A Study Of The Distinctiveness Of Islamic Law In Indonesia

Bani Syarif Maula (Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Purwokerto)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Jan 2014


As a country of the largest Muslim population in the world, Indonesia is not an Islamic state. However, Indonesian government still accommodates the aspiration of Muslims to practice their belief and even to implement some aspect of Islamic law (sharia). Political situation in Indonesia and the aspiration of Muslim society have given the opportunity for sharia to be implemented formally. Therefore, it is essential for the ruler in a new democratic environment to accommodate Muslim aspiration to implement sharia law, especially in national levels.This essay concludes that mutual influences between local traditions and Islam has formed a distinct characteristic of social structure of Muslim society in Indonesia. The fact of this characteristic has made some Indonesian Muslim intellectuals realized that the classical imported sharia was not suitable to Indonesian context. Therefore, contextualizing and reinterpreting Islamic law for Indonesian Muslims is actually the best effort to implement sharia in Indonesia amongst many demands of re-installment of sharia law.

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