English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings
Vol 2 (2018): 2nd ELLiC Proceedings: Education 4.0: Trends and Future Perspectives in English Educa

DEFENDS: A Strategy for Creative Students

Fathoni, Mu`alim Ibu (Unknown)
Sumardi, Sumardi (Unknown)
Supriyadi, Slamet (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
13 Jul 2018


DEFENDS is a strategy for defending position in writing. It is an acronym from Decide, Estimate, Figure, Express, Note, Drive and Search. In this strategy, students will follow the following steps: (1) decide on goals and theme, (2) estimate main ideas and details, (3) figure best order of main ideas and details, (4) express the theme in the first sentence, (5) note each main idea and supporting points, (6) drive home the message in the last sentence, and (7) search for errors and correct (Bisland, 2004: 57). For one thing, writing is one of four skills that are studied by students in learning English. Teacher needs to build the writing habit creatively. Whatever the reason, the teacher needs to help students build the writing habit so that they recognize writing as being a normal part of classroom practice and they come to writing tasks with as much enthusiasm as they do other activities (Harmer, 2007: 329). For another thing, creativity is the ability to produce original work and ideas (Kanematsu, 2016: 9). Tests of Creative Thinking (TCT) is used to find a creativity index and scores for various categories like fluency, originality, elaboration and flexibility. A quasi-experimental design is used in this study to prove the effectiveness of the strategy. The attributive variable of this study is students’ creativity. The test is in the form of writing test and creativity test.

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Languange, Linguistic, Communication & Media


English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) proceedings are the proceedings of an annual international conference named the English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC). The proceedings publish scientific articles in the following fields - language teaching, ...