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Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering (JIMESE)
ISSN : -     EISSN : 30250307     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering (JIMESE) encourages deeper discussion about sustainability, especially on energy engineering. JIMESE publishes research and review papers about energy sustainability. This journal primary aims to develop and implement technologies that harness renewable energy sources to meet our energy needs. This journal also advance the development of sustainable technologies, promote clean energy production, and address environmental challenges. Article focuses to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly future by improving materials, energy sources, and renewable technology solutions. The scope encompasses materials for structural engineering, electronics, aerospace, healthcare, ossil fuels, nuclear energy, and renewable sources such as solar, wind, hydro, geothermal energy, solar panels, wind turbines, hydropower systems, bioenergy technologies, and other renewable energy solutions. It also involves energy storage systems and grid integration.
Articles 6 Documents
Environmental life cycle assessment of conventional and electric vehicles: lessons learned from selected countries Muhammad Idris; Raldi Hendro Koestoer
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.27

Abstract

Electric vehicle (EV) is an alternative expected to be tail-pipe emission-free and improve public health. Switching conventional or internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) to EVs becomes a potential strategy for realizing urban sustainability. The study aims to review the environmental impact between ICEV and EV in Lithuania, China, Canada, Poland, Czech Republic, Italy, United States, and Australia. Then, the review result is compared to the Indonesia context as lessons learned. A comparative study with a qualitative descriptive method was carried out. The main activities are a literature review. The works of literature were collected, classified, and reviewed to find out significant findings on the environmental impact of ICEV and EV. Assessing the vehicle in all life-cycle (LC) phases is an essential issue. The entire LC of products may significantly impact the environment due to the utilization of raw materials through a process that causes adverse environmental impacts. Therefore, Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is proposed to estimate the environmental effects related to all the LC stages of EVs. Thus, LCA could be a critical tool. Numerous cases in several countries show that EVs were not always more environmentally friendly than ICEVs. The review indicates that EVs and electricity-generating mix scenarios play a significant role in performing LCA due to the performance of an EV is extremely dependent on the energy consumed through its operation phase. Additionally, the results show how significant renewable energy sources (RES) are in the electricity-generating mix that provides different environmental impacts. In the Indonesia context, the environmental impact of EV is predicted to be higher than ICEV due to the electricity generating mix is still lower than 20% in 2023. Optimizing the electricity generating mix scenario by increasing the RES, implementing clean technology power plants, and applying vehicle recycling are excellent strategies to promote sustainable development in the EV industry. However, economic and social aspects shall be considered to get comprehensive results in further research.
Power factor correction for energy efficient at public hospital of Manokwari Yahja Panggei; Yulianus Rombe Pasalli; Fourys Yudo Setiawan Paisey; Adelhard Rehiara
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.33

Abstract

The power factor grades are an indicator to determine the effectiveness of the electric power either distributed or used by consumers. A high power factor indicates that the electrical loads are using energy efficiently. Due to the increase in inductive load, there will be a decrease in the power factor, which in turn affects the distribution of electrical energy. In this research, an investigation has been carried out to observe the background that influences the low power factor at public hospital (RSUD) of Manokwari and recommend the need for a basis for improving the power factor at the hospital. Primary data on lighting and electrical equipment, along with their respective electric power capacities and power factors, are collected and measured onsite. Then the data is analysed based on the theoretical basis of power factor improvement. Based on the investigation, there are two focus points in the hospital to be observed, i.e., motor pumps and total load at the main panel. The calculation results show that pump motors 2 and 3 need to be compensated by increasing the power factor to 0.9 so that reactive power is reduced to 1.42 kVAR and 1.24 kVAR, respectively. In the same way, apparent power can also be upgraded to 0.85 kVA and 1.46 kVA by installing bank capacitors of 30.35 mF and 26.63 mF, respectively. On the other hand, the largest load connected to the main panel needs to be corrected to reduce the reactive power and apparent power to 17.86 kVAR and 9.5 kVA through the installation of a capacitor bank of 387.75 mF. This correction will increase energy efficiency while gaining economic benefits on both electricity bills and waiving penalties.
Design a prototype of a marine wave power plant (PLTGL) using a recoil starter Henny Lesnussa; Fauzi Farhan; Abdul Z. Patiran; Adelhard Beni Rehiara; Pandung Sarungallo; Yanty Rumengan
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.37

Abstract

As the needs of human life increase, the need for electrical energy will also increase. Currently, fossil energy, which is widely used as fuel for the provision of electrical energy, is running low. In Indonesia, renewable energy sources have not been utilized properly, such as wave energy. This study discussed how to design a prototype of a sea wave power plant. The problem is, how to be able to utilize the energy of sea waves to the maximum. The purpose of this research is to find solutions and designs to utilize recoil starter as a prototype of ocean wave power plants. The methodology used in this study is an experiment in which the prototype made is given a certain treatment and then measurements are made. His data analysis technique is descriptive analysis. Based on the results of measurements and observations, the performance of the tool is not only influenced by the height of the wave, but also the period of arrival of the sea wave and the ballast load of the tool. After measurements were made on the first day of Maruni beach, the prototype could produce an average power of 4.21 watts for an average wave height of 0.35 cm and Maruni beach on the second day could produce an average power of 5.68 watts for an average wave height of 0.4 m. While on the first day Amban beach obtained an average power of 3.29 watts for an average wave height of 0.37 cm and Amban beach on the second day could produce an average power of 14.26 watts for an average wave height of 0.5 m.
The potential of renewable energy sources in Java Island: a systematic literature review Fatah Kurniawan; Achmad Samsudin; Endang Sriwati; Bayram Co┼čtu
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.101

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the various renewable energy sources that have the potential to be developed on the island of Java, Indonesia. Because it is cheap and easy to reach, non-renewable energy is widely used as a source of energy for people's lives. The negative side of non-renewable energy sources forces local governments to look for alternative energy sources that are more environmentally friendly. Environmentally friendly alternative energy is rarely studied, specifically on the island of Java, through literature studies. Therefore, this study used a research method: a literature study on 28 Scopus, WoS, and Sinta-indexed articles. This literature study yields the information that 10 types of renewable energy sources have the potential to be developed in Java. These renewable energy sources can be further developed using technology according to their potential in each province. Thus, this research has succeeded in linking various renewable energy sources that have the potential to be developed on the island of Java.
Comparison of organic wastewater treatment using anaerobic reactors fixed bed type in Germany and Indonesia Laras Andria Wardani; Raldi Hendro Koestoer
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.202

Abstract

Waste that has a high organic matter content can be treated biologically under anaerobic conditions or using bacteria that can live in an environment without oxygen. One method of wastewater treatment that can reduce high organic content is the Fixed Bed type anaerobic reactor system. The purpose of this research is to compare the treatment of organic wastewater using a Fixed Bed type anaerobic reactor that has been implemented in Germany with that implemented in Indonesia. The method used is a literature study by comparing case studies between the two countries, so the methodology used is a systematic literature review. Based on the results of the discussion, it is known that the organic waste that is processed using an anaerobic reactor carried out in Germany has several differences starting from the sub-stages of the process, and operations to the materials used such as the use of pumps, installation storage tanks, sewage filtration, use of stainless steel and heat exchangers. These differences if applied in Indonesia can cost relatively a lot so they are not suitable for application in Indonesia. Based on the literature study, it was concluded that the anaerobic wastewater treatment solution using a fixed bed type in Indonesia can be a good opportunity and can be imitated by other countries because it has simple equipment, but the reactor efficiency and the resulting percentage of methane production are relatively high. although the required HRT is long, anaerobic catalysts can be used as a solution.
Tantangan transisi energi terbarukan di Indonesia: (Studi kasus PLTS di Kabupaten Cilacap) Sofian Manahara; Sheila Kusuma Putri; Imaniar Septa Kencana W
Journal of Innovation Materials, Energy, and Sustainable Engineering Vol. 1 No. 1: (July) 2023
Publisher : Institute for Advanced Science Social, and Sustainable Future

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.61511/jimese.v1i1.2023.259

Abstract

The use of new, renewable Energy has been initiated since the promulgation of Law Number 30 of 2007 concerning Energy. Now, the urgency is starting to appear with the enactment of Presidential Regulation Number 112 of 2022 concerning the Acceleration of Renewable Energy Development for the Supply of Electric Power. Solar thermal Energy is very abundant in areas with tropical climates, such as Indonesia, which is always illuminated by the sun all year round. This is an energy source that has great potential to be developed. PT One of the locations for implementing PLTS by PT X is in the Cilacap Regency. PLTS, with a capacity of 1,340 kiloWatts with electricity production of 833 MWh and an investment value of IDR 10 billion per 1 MW, operational since August 2021, is used to support the provision of electrical energy sources for office activities and employee housing, with an average reduction in equivalent CO2 emission intensity of 7.60 %. Implementation of the use of PLTS still faces various challenges, especially for commercial use, such as a complicated licensing process that is not yet aligned between authorized agencies, the limited availability of PLTS infrastructure and technology and supporting facilities such as electricity transmission networks in Indonesia, thus affecting the investment value or installation costs, limitations human resources during the Covid-19 pandemic, to allegations that political factors and conflicts of interest between electricity supply sectors cause the minimal use of PLTS. On the other hand, considering that significant climate change is starting to be seen and felt, the existence of PLTS is expected to accelerate the achievement of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This paper will provide an overview of the implementation of PLTS use for the commercial sector, which has been carried out as evaluation material for all parties to prepare environmentally sound sustainable development strategies through the implementation of PLTS use.

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