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SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN LEARNING AND STUDENT’ MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT IN INDONESIAN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL Kusaeri, Kusaeri; Aditomo, Anindito; Ridho, Ali; Fuad, Ah. Zakki
Cakrawala Pendidikan CAKRAWALA PENDIDIKAN EDISI OKTOBER 2018, TH.XXXVII, NO.3
Publisher : LPMPP Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (557.559 KB) | DOI: 10.21831/cp.v38i3.21100

Abstract

Abstract: The objectives of the research are to examine: (1) the relationship between parents’ education level as an indicator of socioeconomic status (SES) with students’ mathematics achievement, and (2) the interaction between parents’ education level and the intensity of parental involvement in predicting students’ mathematics achievement. The sample (N=2,867) was selected through stratified random sampling of Indonesian high school National Examination (NE) test takers in 2016. The sampling was based on careful consideration of the representativeness and the distribution of provinces, gender, type of school (general-vocational), and school status (public-private). Data was analyzed using parallel multiple mediator analyses. The findings highlight that: (1) compared to fathers, mothers’ education level had a stronger contribution to students’ achievement in mathematics, and (2) mothers’ involvement mediated the relationship between mothers’ level of education and students’ mathematics achievement. However, more intensive parental involvement was associated with lower mathematics achievement. Keywords: SES, mathematics, parents’ education levels, involvement  STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI, KETERLIBATAN ORANGTUA DALAM BELAJAR DAN HASIL BELAJAR MATEMATIKA SISWA SMA DI INDONESIA Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji: (1) kaitan antara tingkat pendidikan orangtua sebagai indikator  status sosial ekonomi (SSE) dengan  hasil belajar matematika siswa, dan (2) interaksi antara tingkat pendidikan orangtua dengan intensitas keterlibatan orangtua dalam memprediksi hasil belajar matematika anak-anaknya.  Sampel penelitian ini (N=2,867) dipilih secara stratified random sampling dari peserta Ujian Nasional di Indonesia tahun 2016 jenjang SMA. Pengambilan sampel didasarkan pada keterwakilan dan sebaran provinsi, jenis kelamin, jenis sekolah (SMA/MA atau SMK) dan status sekolah (negeri-swasta). Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis parallel multiple mediator. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1) pendidikan ibu memiliki peran sangat penting karena sangat berkonstribusi dalam menunjang hasil belajar matematika anaknya dibandingkan pendidikan ayah, dan (2) keterlibatan ibu dalam belajar anak yang dimediasi tingkat pendidikannya berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar matematika anaknya. Namun demikian, keterlibatan orangtua yang terlalu intens dalam kegiatan belajar anak justru berdampak kurang baik terhadap hasil belajar matematika anaknya. Kata Kunci: SSE, matematika, tingkat pendidikan orangtua, keterlibatan
Indonesian adolescents’ EFL reading comprehension: Gender differences and the influence of parental background Aditomo, Anindito; Hasugian, Eko Jatmiko
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Current Issues in English Language Education: Perspectives, Directions, and Inno
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v8i2.13279

Abstract

This article presents findings on gender differences and the influence of family background on students’ EFL reading comprehension in Indonesia. A total of 265 students (48.3% female, average age 13.6 years) from grades 7 to 8 in four schools anonymously completed an EFL reading comprehension test. In contrast to prior findings showing girls’ advantage of first language literacy, this study found no gender differences in EFL reading comprehension. In line with prior studies on the effect of socioeconomic status on student achievements, parents’ level of education influenced students’ EFL reading comprehension. For boys, the effect of mother’s education occurred through the provision of literacy resources. For girls, by contrast, the effect occurred through mother’s involvement in their daughters’ reading activities, which in turn encouraged reading engagement and comprehension. These findings underscore the importance of gender-appropriate strategies to facilitate adolescents’ EFL reading engagement and comprehension.
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Aditomo, Anindito; Retnowati, Sofia
p-ISSN 0215-8884
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.058 KB)

Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Retnowati, Sofia; Aditomo, Anindito
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 31, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.196 KB)

Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p
PEMAHAMAN EPISTEMOLOGIS CALON MAHASISWA MENGENAI ILMU-ILMU SOSIAL DAN ILMU-ILMU ALAM Aditomo, Anindito
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 16, No 1 (2017): April 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.482 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.16.1.8-19

Abstract

Epistemological understanding is an important part of college students’ intellectual development. The present study examines the structure of epistemological understanding on a sample of students in an Indonesian university. The study also compares epistemological understanding of the social and natural science disciplines. Participants were mostly female (58%), on average 17.9 years, and enrolled in either a social science (fashion design, law, and psychology; N = 575) or natural sciences study programme (engineering, pharmacy, and biology; N = 924). A Likert-type instrument was used to measure three dimensions of epistemological understanding regarding authority as a source of knowledge, the subjectivity of knowledge, and the changeability of knowledge. Eigen values and scree plot in the exploratory factor analysis indicate a four-factor solution. These factors referred to the three hypothesised dimensions, and one additional dimension reflecting beliefs related specifically to factual knowledge. Additional analyses show that knowledge in the social sciences are seen as more subjective and uncertain. Furthermore, while students generally trust epistemic authorities from both fields, the trust towards authority in the social sciences is associated with a belief that knowledge is subjective. The reverse pattern was found for the natural sciences. A possible explanation is that social science students recognised but were uncomfortable with the subjective nature of their discipline, and hence sought certainty from epistemic authorities.
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Anindito Aditomo; Sofia Retnowati
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 31, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.196 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7033

Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p
PERFEKSIONISME, HARGA DIRI, DAN KECENDERUNGAN DEPRESI PADA REMAJA AKHIR Aditomo, Anindito; Retnowati, Sofia
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 31, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.196 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.7033

Abstract

The relations between perfectionism, self-esteem, and depression were examined among 77 normal subjects (late adolescence college students). Multiple regression analysis was conducted to test the hypothesis that general perfectionism and self-esteem played a significant role in depressive symptoms. In addition to the regression analysis, product moment analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of each of the five dimensions of perfectionism with depressive symptoms. Results indicated that general perfectionism and selfesteem were significant predictors of depressive symptoms. The regression model informs that general perfectionism (β= 0,143; p
Disposisi Berpikir Terbuka secara Aktif: Definisi, Pengukuran, dan Kaitannya dengan Prestasi Akademik Aditomo, Anindito
Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan Vol 10, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.271 KB) | DOI: 10.26740/jptt.v10n1.p1-14

Abstract

This study seeks to evaluate the validity of a scale intended to measure actively open-minded thinking (AOT), and to explore whether AOT can predict academic performance. The Rasch model was applied to evaluate the scale?s construct validity through the mirt package in R. Scale validation was based upon a sample of university students in Surabaya (N=424), while regression analysis to predict academic achievement was based on a sub-sampel for which data was available (n=220). Rasch analysis results suggested that the 10-item self-report scale had good construct validity, especially when measuring participants from the lower end of the trait level spectrum. AOT was found to be positively and moderately correlated with conscientiousness and openness to experience. AOT also predicted higher performance in a course which assessed students? ability to analyse and evaluate arguments, as well as overall performance assessed by their grade point average (GPA) 18 months later. These results suggest that AOT is an important variable that can be adequately measured using a self-report instrument. Further work should focus on creating items which are more difficult to endorse.Keywords: Thinking disposition, intellectual character, item-response theory, Big 5 personality, academic achievement Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi validitas sebuah skala disposisi berpikir terbuka secara aktif, serta mengeksplorasi kaitan disposisi tersebut dengan prestasi akademik. Validasi skala dilakukan pada sampel mahasiswa sebuah universitas di Surabaya (N=424), sedangkan regresi untuk memprediksi prestasi akademik dilakukan pada sub-sampel (n=220). Validasi dilakukan dengan model Rasch menggunakan paket mirt di program R. Hasil pemodelan Rasch menunjukkan bahwa skala disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif memiliki validitas konstruk yang baik, terutama untuk sampel dengan tingkat disposisi yang rendah. Disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif juga terbukti berkorelasi positif moderat dengan dimensi kepribadian openness to experience dan conscientiousness. Selain itu, disposisi tersebut juga terbukti memprediksi prestasi belajar pada mata kuliah yang mengukur kemampuan analisis/evaluasi argumen, serta pada indeks prestasi secara keseluruhan 18 bulan kemudian. Dalam disimpulkan bahwa disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif merupakan konstruk yang perlu diperhatikan oleh peneliti maupun praktisi pendidikan. Pengembangan skala perlu diarahkan pada penulisan butir-butir yang memiliki tingkat kesulitan lebih tinggi.
"Why Fiction is Better than Reality": The Influence of Reading Fiction Narrative on Empathy ["Why Fiction is Better than Reality": Pengaruh Membaca Fiction Narrative terhadap Empati" Irwanto, Katherine Amadea; Aditomo, Anindito; Natalya, Lina
ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal Vol. 35 No. 2 (2020): ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal (Vol. 35, No. 2, 2020)
Publisher : Laboratory of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24123/aipj.v35i2.2909

Abstract

The fictional narrative is a form of literature often found in everyday life, such as in novels or short stories, comic strips in newspapers, and in poetry. Reading fictional literature has a positive effect, however previous research had not as yet shown any conclusive evidence that such reading increases empathy. This research was aimed at testing the influence of reading fictional narratives on empathy, mediated by narrative engagement. The method used in the research was an experimental one, with a pre-test/post-test control group design. 194 undergraduate students were actively involved as the research participants. The results of the analysis of data, using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test and a causal step approach indicated that reading a fictional narrative may significantly increase the empathy of the reader, and that the relationship of these two variables were partially mediated by narrative engagement. This research provided supportive data to the idea that fictional narratives may raise levels of empathy and that that influence is mediated by the variable of narrative engagement. The public is enjoined to read fictional narratives, such as novels, comics, short stories and poetry of a variety of genres, to experience an increase in empathy. Fiction narrative merupakan jenis bacaan yang sering ditemui dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, seperti buku novel atau cerita pendek, komik panel di surat kabar, maupun puisi. Membaca bacaan fiktif membawa dampak positif, akan tetapi penelitian terdahulu belum menunjukkan bukti yang konklusif bahwa membaca bacaan fiktif meningkatkan kemampuan empati. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh membaca fiction narrative terhadap empati dengan dimediasi oleh narrative engagement. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah eksperimen dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Terdapat 194 orang mahasiswa S1 aktif terlibat sebagai partisipan penelitian ini. Hasil analisis data dengan Wilcoxon signed-rank test dan causal step approach menunjukkan bahwa membaca fiction narrative dapat meningkatkan empati pembacanya secara signifikan, serta hubungan kedua variabel tersebut dimediasi secara parsial oleh narrative engagement. Penelitian ini menjadi dukungan data bahwa fiction narrative dapat meningkatkan empati serta pengaruh tersebut dimediasi variabel narrative engagement. Masyarakat disarankan untuk membaca bacaan fiction narrative seperti novel, komik, cerita pendek, maupun puisi dari berbagai genre agar mengalami peningkatan empati.
Disposisi Berpikir Terbuka secara Aktif: Definisi, Pengukuran, dan Kaitannya dengan Prestasi Akademik Aditomo, Anindito
Jurnal Psikologi Teori dan Terapan Vol 10, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.271 KB) | DOI: 10.26740/jptt.v10n1.p1-14

Abstract

This study seeks to evaluate the validity of a scale intended to measure actively open-minded thinking (AOT), and to explore whether AOT can predict academic performance. The Rasch model was applied to evaluate the scale’s construct validity through the mirt package in R. Scale validation was based upon a sample of university students in Surabaya (N=424), while regression analysis to predict academic achievement was based on a sub-sampel for which data was available (n=220). Rasch analysis results suggested that the 10-item self-report scale had good construct validity, especially when measuring participants from the lower end of the trait level spectrum. AOT was found to be positively and moderately correlated with conscientiousness and openness to experience. AOT also predicted higher performance in a course which assessed students’ ability to analyse and evaluate arguments, as well as overall performance assessed by their grade point average (GPA) 18 months later. These results suggest that AOT is an important variable that can be adequately measured using a self-report instrument. Further work should focus on creating items which are more difficult to endorse.Keywords: Thinking disposition, intellectual character, item-response theory, Big 5 personality, academic achievement Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi validitas sebuah skala disposisi berpikir terbuka secara aktif, serta mengeksplorasi kaitan disposisi tersebut dengan prestasi akademik. Validasi skala dilakukan pada sampel mahasiswa sebuah universitas di Surabaya (N=424), sedangkan regresi untuk memprediksi prestasi akademik dilakukan pada sub-sampel (n=220). Validasi dilakukan dengan model Rasch menggunakan paket mirt di program R. Hasil pemodelan Rasch menunjukkan bahwa skala disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif memiliki validitas konstruk yang baik, terutama untuk sampel dengan tingkat disposisi yang rendah. Disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif juga terbukti berkorelasi positif moderat dengan dimensi kepribadian openness to experience dan conscientiousness. Selain itu, disposisi tersebut juga terbukti memprediksi prestasi belajar pada mata kuliah yang mengukur kemampuan analisis/evaluasi argumen, serta pada indeks prestasi secara keseluruhan 18 bulan kemudian. Dalam disimpulkan bahwa disposisi berpikir terbuka-aktif merupakan konstruk yang perlu diperhatikan oleh peneliti maupun praktisi pendidikan. Pengembangan skala perlu diarahkan pada penulisan butir-butir yang memiliki tingkat kesulitan lebih tinggi.