Ong Argo Victoria
Internasional Islamic University Malaysia

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SYSTEMS AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN MALAYSIA Ong Argo Victoria; Fadly Ameer
International Journal of Law Reconstruction Vol 2, No 2 (2018): INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LAW RECONSTRUCTION
Publisher : UNISSULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26532/ijlr.v2i2.3306

Abstract

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia with an area of 329 758 km2 and a population in 2007 amounted to 27.17 million. Of the total population in 2007, 60% are ethnic Malay “Bumiputera”, 26% ethnic Chinese, 8% Indians, 5% other ethnic Bumiputera, and 1% other ethnic groups such as Arabic, Sinhalese, Eurasian and Europe.[1] Under the constitution, Malays are Malaysian citizens who practice a traditional Malay, Melayu Language, and Muslim. Approximately 25% of the Malaysian population is Chinese, and 7% is made up of India. Almost 85% of the races Indians in Malaysia are Tamil community. More than half the population of Sarawak and Sabah 66% of the population consists of non-Malay indigenous people. The entry of another race to some extent reduce the percentage of indigenous population in the two states. In addition, Malaysia also has a population that comes out of Europe and the Middle East. Malaysia's population density is not distributed evenly, with 17 million of the 25 million people living in Peninsula Malaysia.
Philosophical Discussion of Legal and Moral Relationships in Perspective of Natural Law and Legal Positivism Achmad Soeharto; Taufik .; Ong Argo Victoria
Pena Justisia: Media Komunikasi dan Kajian Hukum Vol 21, No 1 (2022): PENA JUSTISIA
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Pekalongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.403 KB) | DOI: 10.31941/pj.v21i1.2204

Abstract

The relationship between law and morals has become an academic and philosophical debate throughout the ages, especially in the schools of natural law and legal positivism. The school of natural law always relates law and morals in a close, inseparable relationship, like a coin. The law must contain moral values. Meanwhile, legal positivism clearly separates the relationship between law and morals. Thus the law is not at all related to morality, the problem of law contains moral values or not, not the substance and legal issues, the most important thing is that the law is made by a sovereign ruler. Law is separated from non-juridical elements, such as ethics, morals, politics, economics, sociology, and so on. In other words, the law is purified from something that is not law. With the very sharp differences between the two schools of law, the schools of natural law and legal positivism for hundreds of years have never agreed on the relationship between law and morals. Each has a paradigm, method, theory, and a strong philosophical basis in seeing the relationship between law and morals.Keywords: Natural Law, Legal Positivism, Law and Morals