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COMMUNICATION BETWEEN LECTURERS AND STUDENTS : PRESPECTIVE OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN GROUPS Dahesihsari, Rayini
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 16, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

This paper explores the pattern of communication between lecturers and students in an educational setting. Using the framework of Communication Accommodation Theory, this study investigates whether the communication patterns between lecturers and students were influenced by an intergroup context. In depth interviews were conducted for 25 pairs of lecturers and students at Unika Atma Jaya, Jakarta. The findings show that participants communication behaviour were influenced by status differences between lecturers and students. Status differences created a social distance between lecturers and students which lead to incongruence perceptions and communication satisfactions. Equal relationships can be managed by employing accommodative communication behaviour.Keywords: intergroup context, communication accommodation
MENONJOLNYA KATEGORISASI AGAMA DALAM KEMAJEMUKAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Dahesihsari, Rayini; Murniati, Juliana; Erlan, Hoshael Waluyo
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

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Abstract

Perbedaan agama sebagai salah satu sumber konflik di dalam masyarakat Indonesiamelatarbelakangi tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk melihat apakah agama merupakan kategoriyang nyata di dalam interaksi sosial masyarakat yang majemuk. Penelitian ini menggunakankombinasi metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif, meliputi survei dan wawancara. Dua ratus tigamahasiswa berasal dari tiga universitas secara sukarela berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini.Dua universitas mewakili latar belakang agama yang berbeda, yaitu Islam, Kristen,sedangkan sebuah universitas bersifat netral. Hasil survei diolah dengan statistik deskriptif,sedangkan hasil wawancara diolah dengan metode analisa tema. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan bahwa kategorisasi berbasis agama memang cukup menonjol pada respondenpenelitian dan digunakan sebagai dasar mereka dalam memberikan dukungan kepadakelompoknya. Menonjolnya kategorisasi agama tersebut ternyata tidak terkait dengan afiliasiuniversitas tempat responden berasal. Keterlibatan responden dalam aktivitas keagamaanserta pengalaman interaksi mereka dengan kelompok agama yang berbeda ternyata lebihberperan terhadap penonjolan kategorisasi agama tersebut. Responden yang kaya dalampengalaman kontak dengan kelompok agama lain umumnya memiliki pandangan yang lebihinklusif dan akomodatif terhadap masyarakat di luar kelompok mereka. Hasil penelitian inimenunjukkan bahwa kontak yang intensif dengan orang dari kelompok agama yang berbedaakan dapat mengurangi bias negatif dan stereotipe terhadap kelompok agama lain, yangselanjutnya akan membantu terciptanya hubungan yang lebih harmonis antar kelompokagama yang berbeda.AbstractWhile we often found diversity in terms of religion as a source of conflict in our society, thispaper is designed to investigate whether religion background is a salient categorization in asocial interaction among people in our society. To achieve the objective, this research used acombination of quantitative and qualitative methods, including a survey and interviews. Twohundred and three students (all volunteers) from three universities, each of them representingMoslem, Christian and neutral affiliation participated for the study. All the interviews wereexamined through thematic analyses, while statistical procedures used included descriptivestatistics. The finding indicates that categorization based on religion is salient amongparticipants and would highly likely to be used as a basis to support their ingroup. Howeverthe salient of religion categorization is not related to the institution affiliation to a certainreligion where the participants belong to. It is more influenced by the extent to which theparticipants’ involvement in religion activities and their interaction experiences with peoplefrom different religions. Subjects with a rich contact to people from other religion would havea more inclusive and accommodative opinion about their outgroup members. In summary, thisstudy suggests that contact with people from other religion would reduce negative bias andstereotype about outgroup which lead to such a more harmonious relationships among peoplefrom different religion backgrounds.
The Organizational Attraction at Company-Owned University Rocky, Rocky; Dahesihsari, Rayini
INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL OF BUSINESS STUDIES Vol 9, No 3 (2016): December 2016 - March 2017
Publisher : Universitas Prasetiya Mulya

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Abstract

Psychological Empowerment Of Agent Of Change: Case Study In Public Sector Organization Oktaviani, Mimy; Dahesihsari, Rayini
GUIDENA: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Psikologi, Bimbingan dan Konseling Vol 8, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24127/gdn.v8i2.1255

Abstract

Many studies show that the process of change does not always have the expected impact if not managed thoughtfully. One of the key actors in managing the change process is an agent of change. Studies on organizational change generally focus on the organization and readiness of the people to change. There is not much attention is given to studying the agent of change. Even though they are important actors responsible for initiating, facilitating, and evaluating means of adjustment (Smither et al. (2016)).This study focuses on the psychological empowerment of change agents, which are required in the role to overcome various obstacles and constraints in initiating and implementing change (Bowen and Lawler (1992), The study was conducted in the public sector in Jakarta using a qualitative approach. Depth interviews were conducted among three employees of an organization designated as a member of the team changes, to explore their thoughts, appreciation, and sense of competence that they have to implement the changes and overcome the challenges and obstacles. The results showed that participants appreciate their role as agents of change because of the removal of their boss, feel the task is part of them, and see the positive impact of their role in bringing a positive difference to the organization. They generally feel quite able to perform their purpose well enough, though still in need of capacity building continuously throughout the process of change. However, Others experience a significant task in the role of agents of change, and participants generally feel that they can not perform their function optimally because of the limitations of their authority. Excellent coordination skills required for this condition so that each unit can be encouraged to get a more integrative perspective on organizational change.