A. Zaini Dahlan
Fakultas Syariah Institut Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Al-Quran Jakarta

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KONSEP MAKRIFAT MENURUT AL-GHAZALI DAN IBNU ‘ARABI: SOLUSI ANTISIPATIF RADIKALISME KEAGAMAAN BERBASIS EPISTEMOLOGI Sangidu, Sangidu; Soeratno, Siti Chamamah; Dahlan, A. Zaini; Mursyidi, Ahmad
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.44 KB)

Abstract

Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) is Sunni sufi representing Islamic mysticism and Ibnu Arabi (1165-1240) represents philosophical Sufism. Al- Ghazali’s concept of Gnosis (knowing God) is based on the Quran and Hadith which is similar to its predecessor, al asy’ari. In contrast, Ibnu Arabi’s concept of Gnosis is based on Greek philosophy and the school of Bathiniyah (Syiah). The fundamental difference between the two scholars is that Al-Ghazali is consistent with classical model of epistemological interpretation. He is very cautious in preventing understanding Islam (the sunni view) especially on aqidah (faith) from polytheism (musyrik) or infidelity (kafir). Meanwhile, Ibnu Arabi explores a variety of sources: Greek philosophy, school of shi’i Bathiniyah, and other sources with contempory interpretation paradigms whose characteristics are pluralistic, multicultural and universal, and gives more priority to welfare and justice. Even though the paradigm used by Al-Ghazali differs from the one employed by I bnu Arabi,they agree in some points. There are similarities in their paradigms and understandings. Al- Ghazali even justifies the righteousness of paradigm deployed by Ibnu arabi. Reflections of the two scholars’ paradigms bear the main principles of mysticism. Al-Ghazali develops it with tahalli, takhalli, and tajalli, while Ibnu Arabi in addition to the three of Al Ghazali develops it with the teaching of wahdatul wujud.
MEMAHAMI AGAMA DAN BUDAYA SEBAGAI SOLUSI MENGATASI KONFLIK TEOLOGIS Dahlan, A. Zaini
Jurnal CMES Vol 8, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Arabic Letters and Department

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/cmes.8.1.11620

Abstract

This article is intended to establish a common perception in the understanding of religion as a way of life or common life rule in religion and nation. Therefore in this article described the essence of religious term that is misunderstood by some people - the negative effects of ignorance about the essence and incomprehension about the various terms of religion - is the extreme attitude in religious life, thats so convicting others (who do not agree with him) as an "infidel", "the lost", even worse  they take anarchy action to "justify the blood" of others for the same reason. Besides, to avoid the "negative effects" above, this article also aims to realize and prove that Islam is a friendly, polite, tolerant religion - as did the prophet in Medina charter- more particularly the diversity (diversity - which is the grace of the gods- as proof that Islam brings blessing for the whole world (rahmatan lil alamin).