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HUKUM DAN ETIKA DAKWAH Izmuddin, Iiz
Alhurriyah Vol 10, No 1 (2009): Januari - Juni 2009
Publisher : IAIN Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1106.182 KB) | DOI: 10.30983/alhurriyah.v10i1.376

Abstract

A missionary endeavor is a God’s command. There are two kinds of law related with the missionary endeavor called as fardlu ‘ain and fardlu kifayah. The meaning of fardlu ‘ain is an obligation for every Moslem, while fardlu kifayah is an obligation to all every Moslem; the others Moslem should not do the obligation when one Moslem have done it. It considered as fardlu ‘ain if we observe a Moslem as a single personality. Every Moslem has an obligation to have a missionary endeavor in his or her life. Then, it considered as fardlu kifayah when a Moslem of a society has done the obligation instructed. Indirectly, all Moslem in the society should not do the same thing in the same way the Moslem. To carry out the obligation of a missionary endeavor, there are some important things that must to be pay attention such as wisdom ways, there are full of tenderness, sympatric, a wisdom words indicates good advices and etc.
MENAKAR KEMAJUKAN HUKUM EKONOMI DI DUNIA ISLAM Izmuddin, Iiz
Alhurriyah Vol 13, No 2 (2012): Juli - Desember 2012
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (472.082 KB) | DOI: 10.30983/alhurriyah.v13i2.590

Abstract

Tujuan umtuk mengetahui keberadaan hukum Islam yang terinteraksi dengan keberagaman budaya lokal sehingga menjadi realitas sosial. Metodo penelitian yang dilakukan adalah deskriptif analitis terkait reallitas sosial yang terjadi di Indonesia secara umum. Faktanya hukum islam dalam setiap daerah memerlukan pernafsiran yang disesuaikan berdasarkan kontek sosial sehingga hukum Islam mempunyai jati dirinya masing-masing akan tetapi walaupun begitu subtansinya sama yaitu menerpakan spirit syariah.
FATWA METHODOLOGY OF NATIONAL SHARIA BOARD OF INDONESIAN ULAMA COUNCIL IN ISLAMIC ECONOMICS Iiz Izmuddin
MIQOT: Jurnal Ilmu-ilmu Keislaman Vol 42, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : State Islamic University North Sumatra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30821/miqot.v42i1.499

Abstract

Abstract: This study aims to find out the methodology of DSN-MUI fatwa in response to the problems of Muslims in Indonesia related to economy. The DSN-MUI comes by issuing its fatwa with a distinctive fatwa methodology, called mutawassitah (moderation) between the mutasâhil (liberal) method and the mutasyaddid (textualist) method. There are about 116 fatwas issued by DSN-MUI from 2000 to present time (2017). The first fatwa on Giro 01/DSN-MUI/IV/2000 and the latest fatwa No. 116/DSN-MUI/II/2017 on Uang Elektronik Syariah. The approach in this study is the mashlahah approach, the jurisprudence (fiqh) principles and madhhab comparison especially mutasyaddid (texstualist) and mutasâhil sects (liberal). This study concludes that the methodology of the DSN-MUI fatwa declaring with moderation methodology is in fact closer to the mazhab of mutasâhil even though the approach of fiqhiyah approaches more closely to the textualist but the subtance is closer to the madhhab mutasâhil.Abstrak: Moderasi Metodologi Fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional Majelis Ulama Indonesia dalam Perkembangan Ekonomi Syariah. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui model metodologi fatwa DSN-MUI dalam menjawab persoalan umat Islam di Indonesia yang berkaitan dengan ekonomi. DSN-MUI hadir dengan mengeluarkan fatwanya dengan metodologi fatwa yang khas, yaitu dengan jalan mutawassitah (moderasi) antara metode mutasâhil (liberal) dan metode mutasyaddid (tekstualis). Ada sekitar 116 fatwa yang dikeluarkan oleh DSN-MUI dari tahun 2000 sampai sekarang (2017). Fatwa pertama tentang Giro bernomor 01/DSN-MUI/IV/2000 dan fatwa terakhir bernomor 116/DSN-MUI/II/2017 tentang Uang Elektronik Syariah. Pendekatan dalam studi ini adalah pendekatan mashlahah, kaidah-kaidah fikih dan perbandingan mazhab terutama mazhab mutasyaddid (tekstualis) dan mazhab mutasâhil (liberal). Studi ini menyimpulkan bahwa metodologi fatwa DSN-MUI yang mendeklarasikan dengan metodologi moderasi, kenyataannya lebih mendekati kepada mazhab mutasâhil walaupun proses pendekatan fiqhiyah lebih mendekati mazhab tekstualis, akan tetapi subtansinya lebih mendekati mazhab mutasâhil.Keywords: moderation, fatwa, DSN-MUI, Islamic economic
Sinergi Pengelolaan Zakat dan Wakaf Produktif dengan Mengembangkan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Finance Syariah di Indonesia Awaluddin Awaluddin; Iiz Izmuddin; Rusyaida Rusyaida; Rina Anggraini; Vewi Julita
Al-Kharaj : Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah Vol 4 No 6 (2022): Al-Kharaj: Jurnal Ekonomi, Keuangan & Bisnis Syariah
Publisher : Research and Strategic Studies Center (Pusat Riset dan Kajian Strategis) Fakultas Syariah IAI Nasional Laa Roiba

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.61 KB) | DOI: 10.47467/alkharaj.v4i6.1092

Abstract

This research is entitled Synergy for the Management of Productive Zakat and Waqf with the Development of Sharia Micro Finance by using descriptive research methods with a qualitative approach. The sources of data in this study are in the form of observation and reviewing several books and readings related to this discussion and comparing them with expert opinions and materials from seminars that discuss the issues under study. Data analysis was carried out qualitatively by interpreting data, facts and information that had been collected through intellectual understanding empirically and then studied in an in-depth way so as to produce a picture of the actual data. The management of zakat and productive waqf is generally under the control of amil zakat agencies and waqf institutions through Nazir waqf. The formula developed in the management of zakat and waqf has not been unified and combined in the management aspect between zakat management and waqf management. The utilization of productive zakat and waqf through Islamic microfinance institutions can be described by a model of adjusting zakat and waqf management in the aspect of zakat and productive waqf utilization through Islamic microfinance institutions. With the adjustment model of zakat and waqf management, it will be expected to give birth to an agreement in the management of zakat and productive waqf through sharia microfinance institutions
ANALISIS PENGARUH ANGKATAN KERJA DAN INFLASI TERHADAP PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL DI INDONESIA DALAM KAJIAN EKONOMI MAKRO ISLAM Amsah Hendri Doni; Iiz Izmuddin
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Januari-Juni 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v2i1.537

Abstract

This article focused on analyse (1) influence of labor force and consumer price index to international trade in Indonesia. Data used time series data of (2002 - 2016). This article use analyzer model multiple linear regression method. The result of research conclude that (1) labor force have an effect on by signifikan to international trade in Indonesia. The increase of to labor force, will be the increase of international trade in Indonesia. (2) inflation (consumer price index) have an effect on by signifikan to international trade in Indonesia. The increase of to inflation (consumer price index), will be the increase of international trade in Indonesia. (3) labor force and inflation (consumer price index) simultan have an effect on by signifikan to international trade in Indonesia. The increase of to labor force and inflation (consumer price index) simultan will be the increase of international trade in Indonesia.
Pengaruh Religiusitas Dan Budaya Terhadap Prilaku Konsumen Muslim Dalam Membeli Makanan Kafe Rezkina Hayati; Iiz Izmuddin; Anne Putri
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Januari-Juni 2019
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v3i1.1265

Abstract

This research attempts to analyze the effect of religiosity and culture on purchasing decisions in buying cafe food in Bukittinggi partially or simultaneously. The design of this study is quantitative correlational. The population is Muslim teenagers in the city of Bukittinggi. The sample of this study was Muslim teenagers in the Bukit Tinggi town who bought cafe food. Furthermore, the determination of the sample to be used as the respondent was done by purposive sampling, by taking and selecting Muslim adolescents in Bukittinggi as respondents.Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that: partially Religiosity and Culture have a positive effect on purchasing decisions in buying cafe food, while Religiosity and Culture simultaneously influence purchasing decisions in buying cafe food where the contribution of the determination coefficient (R Square) is 38.8% and the remaining 61.2% is influenced by other variables which are not included in this similarity regression or variables not examined.
Pengaruh Islamic Human Capital dan Pengembangan Karir terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Bank Syariah Rahayu Ningsih; Asyari Asyari; Iiz Izmuddin
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Juli-Desember 2020
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v4i2.3490

Abstract

This study aims to measure the effect of Islamic Human Capital and career development on the performance of Islamic Bank employees in Pasaman district. This research was a causality research with a quantitative approach based on statistical data and empirical data at the research location. The population in this study were employees of Islamic Banks in Pasaman district. Sampling was carried out by total sampling, consisting of Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Syariah BTPN and Bank Nagari Syariah, as many as 32 people. Data were collected using  questionnaires, observation and documentation. Based on the results of the data analysis, it appears that Islamic Human Capital has a positive effect on employee performance (p-value = 0.000). While the career development variable does not have a positive and significant effect on employee performance (p-value = 0.589). Simultaneously, the Islamic Human Capital variable and career development have an effect on employee performance (p-value = 0.000). The findings of this study reveal the importance of improving Islamic Human Capital and career development efforts in improving the performance of Islamic Bank employees, especially in Pasaman districtPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur pengaruh Islamic Human Capital dan pengembangan karirterhadap kinerja karyawan Bank Syariah di Kabupaten Pasaman. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kausalitas dengan pendekatan kuantitatif berdasarkan data statistik dan data empiris di lokasi penelitian. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah karyawan dari Bank Syariah yang terdapat di Kabupaten Pasaman. Penarikan sampel dilakukan dengan total sampling, yang terdiri dari Bank Syariah Mandiri, Bank Syariah BTPN dan Bank Nagari Syariah, sebanyak 32 orang. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah dengan metode kuesioner, observasi dan  dokumentasi,  Berdasarkan hasil analisis data terlihat bahwa  Islamic Human Capital berpengaruh positif terhadap kinerja karyawan (p-value = 0,000). Sedangkan variabel pengembangan karir tidak berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja karyawan (p-value = 0,589). Secara simultan, variabel Islamic Human Capital dan pengembangan karir berpengaruh terhadap kinerja karyawan (p-value = 0.000). Temuan penelitian ini mengungkap pentingnya perbaikan  Islamic Human Capital dan dan upaya pengembangan karir dalam meningkatkan kinerja karyawan Bank Syariah, terutama di kabupaten Pasaman
PENGARUH CAPITAL, NILAI TAMBAH EKONOMI DAN TINGKAT UPAH TERHADAP PENYERAPAN TENAGA KERJA PADA INDUSTRI KECIL DI KOTA BUKITTINGGI Iiz Izmuddin; Yuwarman Mansur
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017): Januari-Juni 2017
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v1i1.447

Abstract

The background of this research is to know the factors that influence the absorption of labor in small industry sector in Bukittinggi. The results of this research is expected to improve the scientific discourse of the economics development, especially about the absorption of labor in the small industrial sector. The hypothesis testing in this research is moderating regression by using t test, F test and coefficient of determination (R2). The population of this research is all small industry sector in Bukittinggi. The sampling technique in this research is using Slovin method, then, the sample obtained is 58 small industry in Bukittinggi. Based on the results of the research, it is known that the capital does not affect the absorption of manpower in the small industrial sector in Bukittinggi. Thus, H1 is denied the truth, it means the increase of capital made by the company to add modern machines or equipment capable of generating economic added value ) is bigger than human power. This is in line with the basic concept of relationship between factors of production (substitution or Complement) it means the addition of production factors (capital) will reduce the other factors of production (Labor). Economic value added positively and significantly influence the absorption of labor in small industry sector in Bukittinggi, so that H2 accepted. It means that high demand of labor force demanded by businessman (Demand of labor) is influenced by the high amount of goods produced by labor. This is related to the effect of output or the effect of the scale of production. It means the normal factor of production (output) will increase the use of other factors of production (labor). The wage rate has a negative and significant effect on the absorption of labor in the small industrial sector in Bukittinggi, so that H3 is accepted.it means that the higher the wage rate, the less employers demand for labor. This is in accordance with the theory of wages, namely the ability to pay from the company by calculating the profit Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor Industri Kecil di Kota Bukittinggi. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan wacana keilmuan bidang Ilmu Ekonomi Pembangunan khususnya mengenai penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor indusri kecil. Pengujian hipotesis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan alat analisis regresi moderating dengan uji t, uji F dan koefisien determinasi (R2). Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah seluruh industri kecil di Kota Bukittinggi. Teknik pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode Slovin, sehingga diperoleh 58 industri kecil di Kota Bukittinggi sebagai sampel penelitian. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa Capital (modal) tidak berpengaruh terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor industri kecil di Kota Bukittinggi, sehingga H1 ditolak kebenarannya, artinya peningkatan modal yang dilakukan oleh perusahaan untuk menambahkan mesin atau peralatan modern yang mampu menghasilkan nilai tambah ekonomi (produksi) lebih besar dibandingkan tenaga manusia. Hal ini sejalan dengan konsep dasar hubungan antar faktor produksi (substitusi atau Komplemen) yaitu penambahan faktor produksi (modal) akan mengurangi penggunaan faktor produksi yang lain (Tenaga kerja). Nilai tambah ekonomi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor industri kecil di Kota Bukittinggi, sehingga H2 diterima kebenarannya, artinya tinggi rendahnya jumlah tenaga kerja yang diminta oleh pengusaha (Demand of labor) dipengaruhi oleh tinggi rendahnya jumlah barang yang diproduksi oleh tenaga kerja tersebut. Hal ini berkaitan dengan efek output atau efek skala produksi, yakni pada faktor produksi normal bila terjadi penambahan skala produksi (output) akan meningkatkan penggunaan faktor produksi yang lain (tenaga kerja) Tingkat upah berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada sektor industri kecil di Kota Bukittinggi ,sehingga H3 diterima kebenarannya, artinya semakin tinggi tingkat upah, semakin kecil permintaan pengusaha akan tenaga kerja. Hal ini sesuai dengan teori upah, yaitu kemampuan membayar dari perusahaan dengan memperhitungkan kemampulabaan.
RASIONALITAS KONSUMSI RUMAH TANGGA MUSLIM KOTA BUKITTINGGI Rika Widianita; Asyari Asyari; Iiz Izmuddin
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Juli-Desember 2017
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v1i2.432

Abstract

Teori perilaku konsumen rasional dalam paradigma ekonomi konvensional didasari pada prinsip-prinsip dasar utilitarianisme, tujuannya adalah untuk memaksimalkan kepuasan (utility) dengan mengutamakan kepentingan individu (self interest). Sedangkan tujuan konsumsi dalam Islam tidak hanya terpenuhinya kebutuhan materi tetapi juga spritual, tidak hanya untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pribadi tetapi juga untuk kepentingan orang lain, dalam hal inilah adanya konsumsi sosial dalam Islam (konsumsi akhirat). Karena tujuan utama dari syariat Islam adalah terciptanya maslahah bagi individu dan masyarakat. Penelitian ini menyajikan sebuah survey empiris mengenai penerapan perilaku konsumsi Islam. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui bagaimanakah perilaku konsumsi seorang muslim. Apakah dalam melakukan kegiatan konsumsi seorang muslim telah rasional sesuai dengan prinsip dan ajaran agama Islam ataukah belum. Penelitian ini menggunakan populasi seluruh rumah tangga muslim yang tinggal di kota Bukittinggi. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebanyak 100 responden. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa perilaku konsumsi rumah tangga muslim Bukittinggi tergolong rasional menurut ajaran Islam. Rasionalitas konsumsi ditunjukkan dengan mengkonsumsi produk halal, tidak berlebihan dalam konsumsi, melakukan konsumsi sosial, membuat prioritas kebutuhan dan membuat perencanaan masa depan dengan menabung.
ANANILSA PENERAPAN EKONOMI SYARIAH PADA UNIT USAHA BUMDes DALAM MENINGKATKAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DESA Yenty Astari Dewi; Iiz Izmuddin
EKONOMIKA SYARIAH : Journal of Economic Studies Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Juli-Desember 2018
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30983/es.v2i2.725

Abstract

The purpose of this Writing is to analyze the study of the Implementation of Sharia Values in the business of the Nagari-Owned Business Entity (BUMNag). The analytical method used in this study is the SWOT analysis. This study shows that the contracts that exist in Islamic economics can be applied to Business Units that may be formed by BUMNag in accordance with laws and regulations. In addition to having strength (the majority of the Muslim population and Nagari have Alim Ulama, have BUMNag and good development), and Opportunities (The development of Islamic economics and the National Sharia Council, the existence of the Law concerning Islamic economics), this concept also has shortcomings (lack of public understanding of sharia contracts, lack of academic staff in Nagari) and Threats (Overall Islamic economics cannot be applied in Indonesia and the development of conventional transactions in the community). To realize BUMNag based on an Islamic economic perspective, it requires an active role and joint commitment from the Nagari government, the community, religious scholars, the National Sharia Council, non-governmental organizations, and parties concerned about the development of BUMNag and the Islamic economy.