Bagus Dwi Handoko
Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Rancang Bangun Alat Bantu Pemeriksaan Knee Joint pada Kasus Osteoarthritis Bagus Dwi Handoko; Agung Bayu Pamungkas; Akhmad Haris Sulistiyadi
Jurnal Imejing Diagnostik (JImeD) Vol 7, No 1: JANUARY 2021
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jimed.v7i1.5855


Background : The Knee joint is a hinge joint with a change formed by the two condyls of the femur that are jointed with the superior surface of the tibial tube. Radiographic examination of the knee joint on AP weight bearing and lateral weight bearing projections is a good projection in revealing joint gaps in the knee joint. The constraints on this examination are when patients who have little difficulty standing on one leg when doing lateral projection of weight bearing. So that a knee joint examination tool is needed in the case of osteoarthrithis.Methods : The purpose of this study was to describe the design, study the function tests and performance tests of knee joint hearing aids in the case of osteoarthrithis.This research is a type of experimental research with the design of a one shoot case study. Data collection is obtained by a check list of results of functional tests and performance test tools. The data obtained was assessed by Guttman's scale and conclusions and suggestions were drawn.This study produced a design in the form of a knee joint examination tool. The tool is made of stainless steel pipes, on a pedestal made of wooden boards, foam and cloth. Based on the calculation of the check list using the Guttman scale.Result: The function test results were 100% and the performance test results were 96%. Until the knee joint examination tool in the case of osteoarthrithis is said to be feasible to use.Conclusion : This knee joint examination aid has a number of parts, a pedestal made of wood sheets, adjustable footrests, and a patient's padded arms. The auxiliary framework uses a 3 cm diameter stainless steel pipe with a thickness of 1 mm. Based on the functional tests in the Radiology Installation of Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo Purwokerto obtained results 100% for knee joint examination in osteoarthritis cases with AP weight bearing projections and lateral weight bearing. Based on performance tests which involved 5 respondents who were radiographers were said to be very appropriate with a percentage of 96% with an excess of ease in operation, reducing the movement of patients, and helping the radiographers to produce informative radiographs.
Jurnal Imejing Diagnostik (JImeD) Vol 5, No 1: January 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jimed.v5i1.4012


Background: Abdomen radiography is a radiographic examination procedure in the abdominal area to show abnormalities that occur in the tractus digestivus / gastrointestinal. Radiographic examination of the abdomen is directly related to the reproductive organs that are sensitive to radiation. The purpose of this study was to find out the optimization technique of AP projection radiographic Abdomen examination with the 10 kV rule method, knowing the radiation dose received by the reproductive organs using the 10 kV rule method, knowing the quality of radiographs produced on AP projection radiographic examination using the 10 kV rule method.Methods: Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian Pre Eksperimental yaitu dengan melakukan pengukuran terhadap kualitas hasil radiograf dengan metode kenaikan 10 kVruledisertai penurunan mAs 50%. Pengukuran dosis radiasi dengan menggunakan alat ukur radiasi ray safe X-2, sedangkan untuk pengukuran kualitas dilakukan secara kuantitatif nilai pixel value dan visual citra.Method: The type of research used in this study is Pre Experimental research, namely by measuring the quality of the results of the radiograph by increasing the method of 10 kV rule with a decrease of 50% mAs.Results :The results of radiation dose measurements received by the AP projection reproductive organs with standard exposure factors (1) are kV 70 and mAs 32 is 8.33 mGy. In the exposure factor (2) kV 80 and mAs 16 is 5.50 mGy. Exposure factor (3) with kV 90 and mAs 8 radiation doses received at reproductive organs are 3.47 mGy and exposure factor (4) with kV 90 and mAs 4 produce radiation doses of 1.18 mGy. The highest contrast value (Δ pixel value) of each exposure factor is the exposure factor (2) kV 80 mAs 16, then the exposure factor (3) kV 90 mAs 8. The lowest Contrast value ((pixel value) is the exposure factor. (4) kV 100 mAs 4. The results of radiographic quality assessment on Abdomen examination of AP projection show that by visual assessment of radiographic specialists showed that the exposure factor that produced the most optimal Abdomen radiography was exposure factor 3 at kV 90 and mAs 8.Conclusion: Optimal abdominal radiographic examination with a low radiation dose can use exposure factors of kV 80 mAs 16 and kV 90 mAs 8.
Perbandingan Informasi Citra Potongan Axial T2 Antara Turbo Spin Echo (TSE) Dengan Half-Fourier Aquisition Single-Shot Turbo Spin Echo (HASTE) Pada Pemeriksaan Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) Adilfi Amalia Yuniar; Dartini Dartini; Rasyid Rasyid; Bagus Dwi Handoko; Nanang Sulaksono
Jurnal Imejing Diagnostik (JImeD) Vol 7, No 2: JULY 2021
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31983/jimed.v7i2.7464


Backgroud: MRCP is a non-invasive imaging examination, which is used for the evaluation of biliary tract, pancreatic duct, and gallbladder. Pulse sequences which can be used to visualize organs in MRCP on T2 weighting is using a fast pulse sequences such as sequences TSE or Haste. The purpose of this research was to knowing the difference image information between T2 axial TSE with Haste and where better to use between the two sequences on axial T2 MRCP examination.Methods: This type of research is experimental observational approach, it has been carried out in the best MRI 1.5 Tesla at RSU Haji Surabaya. Sample used were 5 patients. Each patient performed two pieces of axial T2 sequences in which the TSE and Haste. Furthermore, the image submitted to the three doctors radiologist to fill out a questionnaire that has been provided to assess the image consisting of the liver, gallbladder, common bile duct (CBD), pancreas, intrahepatic duct and an assessment of the artifacts.Results: The results of analytical assessment Wilcoxon test, for the entire anatomy with ρ value of 0.002 which means that ρ 0.05, and the artifacts show the ρ value of 0.006, which means ρ 0.05. This proves that there are differences in image information between T2 axial TSE with T2 axial Haste the MRCP examination. At each of anatomy, liver has ρ value of 0,071 (ρ 0.05), gallbladder has ρ value of 0.317 (ρ 0.05), CBD has ρ value of 0.003 (ρ 0.05), pancreas has ρ value of  0.014 (ρ 0.05) and intrahepatic duct has ρ value of 0.004  (ρ 0.05). Based on the mean rank statistical test results show sequence Haste better in generating image information on the whole anatomy, but in each of anatomy based on the mean rank of gallbladder both sequences are equally good in showing gallbladder, whereas to display the liver, CBD, pancreas, and intrahepatic duct, the results showed T2 Haste mean rank better, it is because it has the characteristics of high Haste T2 signal intensity and better in reducing motion artifacts.Conclusion: Wilcoxon test analysis results expressed Ha accepted, meaning that there is a difference between the image information pieces axial T2 TSE with Haste the MRCP examination. The mean rank shows Haste superior to TSE, this is because the artifacts on TSE and therefore contributes to the respondent's assessment, other than that Haste has a high signal intensity so that it can show more clearly ducts.