Marhumah Marhumah
State Islamic University (UIN) of Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta

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KONSTRUKSI GENDER, HEGEMONI KEKUASAAN, DAN LEMBAGA PENDIDIKAN Marhumah, Marhumah
JURNAL KARSA (Terakreditasi No. 80/DIKTI/Kep/2012) Vol 19, No 2 (2011): Islam, Budaya dan Perempuan
Publisher : STAIN PAMEKASAN

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AbstrakIsu gender adalah bagian dari persoalan sosial kemasyarakatan di Indonesia, yang persoalan utamanya  adalah kesenjangan mencolok antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Selama ini, sosialisasi gender adalah dengan cara mengedarkan pesan-pesan, wacana, nilai-nilai, norma-norma, kepercayaan dan model-model yang merepresentasikan kontruksi gender tertentu, yang dalam konsep Foucault sebagai diskursus (discourse). Dengan konsep wacana tersebut, sosialisasi gender mengandaikan adanya relasi pengetahuan dan kekuasaan. Di dalam dunia pesantren, berdasarkan berbagai studi, menunjukkan rendahnya sensitifitas gender, berupa miskinnya perhatian pada isu perempuan dibarengi dengan dominannya figur kiai dan ustadz. Perhatian pada isu gender muncul pada studi-studi pesantren pada periode yang lebih kemudian, misalnya hasil kajian yang menunjukkan adanya peran nyai yang sangat penting dalam turut menjaga keberlangsungan pesantren. Perkembangan ini mengisyaratkan menghangatnya pergesekan antara diskursus gender yang telah lama mapan dengan diskursus baru dalam proses sosialisasi gender di dunia pesantren.Kata kunci:Konstruksi gender, sosialisasi gender, kekuasaan, dan pesantrenAbstract:Gender issue appears as part of social problem in Indonesia. its  main problem is  that the exist of conspicuous discrepancy between man and woman. Gender socialization has been currently proposed by handing around messages, discourse, values, norms, belief, and presenting a model of certain gender construction. It is somewhat a discourse from the Foucault perspective. Thic concept puts knowledge and power in a relation to socialize gender discourse. Some studies show that in pesantren (Islamic boarding school) gender sensitivity is poor. The studies are proved  by the lack of attention on woman issues and the hegemony of kiai and ustadz figures. However, the interest on gender issues of pesantren studies turn up at the latest time. It is well described on the result of a study that nyai (femal Islamic scholar) takes an important role to survive the pesantren as an educational institution. This progress signals a clash of gender discourse and new discourses in the process of gender socialization in pesantren world.Key words:gender construction, gender socialization, power, and pesantren.
Method of Memorizing the Quran In Early Childhood Period (Case Studies in TKIT Yaa Bunayya and RA Darussalam Yogyakarta) Hariyanti, Wahyu Eko; Marhumah, Marhumah
Indonesian Journal of Islamic Early Childhood Education Vol 2 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Association of Indonesian Islamic Kindergarten Teachers Education Study Program

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the method of memorizing the Quran used TKIT Yaa Bunayya and RA Darussalam. This research is a kind of qualitative research with field research method. Data collected with interviews, observations, and documentation studies. The results of this study are the method of memorizing Al Quran that used in TKIT Yaa Bunayya is classical, private and murottal. While the method of memorizing Al Quran applied in RA Darussalam is simai, murajaah and using audio visual media. From this new method obtained results there are some children who are able to memorize the letter exceeds the target in group B (QS Al Insyirah). The target group A recitation is 12 letters in juz 30 (An Naas - Al Ashr), target group B is 21 letters in Juz 30 (An Naas - Al Insyirah). Factors that supported the program to memorize the Quran in TKIT Yaa Bunayya and RA Darussalam are the same, that are the enthusiastic and enthusiastic of students in the memorization, the parents factor that helps the process of memorizing the childrens at home, the teachers who use the method of learning appropriately and innovatively , as well as facilities that are available at school and at home. While the inhibiting factors are the spirit of the students to memorize sometimes down or the condition is less focused, the condition of parents who are too busy so do not have time to repeat the childs memorization at home, and infrastructure facilities are less available.
PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER MANDIRI SISWA MI BAIQUNIYYAH DAN ANAK BINAAN RSB DIPONEGORO Safi’ah, Ranti; Marhumah, Marhumah
Abdau: Jurnal Pendidikan Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Desember
Publisher : STPI Bina Insan Mulia Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pendidikan karakter serta persamaan dan perbedaan kemandirian siswa MI Baiquniyyah Bantul dan anak binaan Rumah Singgah dan Belajar Diponegoro (RSB Diponegoro). Jenis penelitian adalah penelitian kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian: Pertama pendidikan karakter mandiri: (1) Siswa MI Baiquniyyah melalui: Pembiasaan mengelola pembagian snack dan makan siang, mengurus keperluan sholat; Pendidikan kemandirian dalam proses pembelajaran; Reward punishment; Sabtu ceria; Rutinitas santri PPA Baiquniyyah. (2) Anak Binaan RSBD melalui: Pelatihan/Penyuluhan kemandirian; Konseling; Melakukan aktifitas alam; Mengikis stigma masyarakat terhadap anjal; Mengembalikan fungsi keluarga; Mengembalikan rutinitas harian anjal; RSBD menginspirasi melalui usaha songkok dan sablon. Kedua persamaan dan perbedaan kemandirian siswa MI Baiquniyyah dan anak binaan RSBD (1) Kemandirian emosi kelas rendah non pondok dan anjal children on the street masih tergantung orang tua, sementara siswa kelas atas dan anjal children of the street kemandirian emosinya baik; (2) Kemandirian intelektual siswa pondok kelas 1 dan 2 dan anjal children of the street masih rendah, sementara siswa kelas 1 dan 2 non pondok, siswa kelas 3-5 serta anjal children on the street terbilang baik; (3) Siswa MI Baiquniyyah belum memiliki kemandirian ekonomi, sementara anjal children on the street beraktifitas ekonomi untuk membantu keluarga sedang tipe children of the street untuk kebutuhan sendiri; (4) Kemandirian sosial siswa MI Baiquniyyah dan anjal children on the street menunjukkan interaksi yang baik, sedangkan anjal children of the street setelah mendapat pendampingan di RSBD menunjukkan perubahan yang positif.
URGENSI NILAI AGAMA PADA MORAL ANAK DI ERA SOCIETY 5.0 Madyawati, Lilis; Marhumah, Marhumah; Rafiq, Ahmad
Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Agama dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Vol. 18 No. 2 (2021): Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Agama dan Ilmu Pengetahuan (JAIP)
Publisher : UIR Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25299/al-hikmah:jaip.2021.vol18(2).6781

Abstract

This study aims to identify and describe the importance of religious and moral values ​​instilled by parents in welcoming society in the 5.0 era. This research is qualitative with library research. A sorting method with two determining elements, children's spiritual and moral values, was used to analyze the data. Researchers explain the data into categories and characteristics. We also limited the data, performed content analysis, and studied the text literature. In the era of society 5.0: 1) parents are advised to educate their children as did Rasulullah (SAW); 2) parents are responsible for children's academic education; 3) parents are encouraged to grow the Rabbani generation (religion-based); 4) parents need to bring up good habits. Due to increasingly sophisticated technological developments, parents must increase their knowledge of this new technology, positively direct digital devices and media, and balance the time in using digital media and real-life interactions. In addition, parents are also encouraged to choose programs or applications that are positive for children that can positively impact their child's growth and development.
Talaqqi Method: Children's Language Development in Tahfidzul Al-Qur'an Program During Covid-19 Pandemic Azizah, Annafi Nurul Ilmi; Marhumah, Marhumah; Sufa, Feri Faila
JOYCED: Journal of Early Childhood Education Vol 1 No 2 (2021): JOYCED : Journal of Early Childhood Education
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI MAGISTER PENDIDIKAN ISLAM ANAK USIA DINI (PIAUD) FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14421/joyced.2021.12-03

Abstract

This study aims to describe the implementation of the talaqqi method in the development of language and religious values in the Qur'an tahfidzul program for early childhood applied in BA Aisyiyah Mayang Gatak. This research uses descriptive methods with a qualitative approach. The subjects of the study were the principal, Teacher Tahfidz, and Children. Data collection in this study using observation methods, interviews, and documentation. This study shows that the implementation of talaqqi method on language development in receptive language achievement is that the child will have many and varied vocabulary, can straighten the child's tongue, read letters well, children can pronounce according to the makhraj letter. The implementation of talaqqi method on the development of children's religious values can instill culture to children, invite children to love Allah SWT, Children are introduced to the Qur'an and love the Qur'an, and print a generation of praiseworthy morals. Children can understand and understand the content of the Qur'an, and children have a religious character from an early age.