Fathia Lestari
UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

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Perilaku Sehat Masyarakat Priangan Tahun 1911-1942 Fathia Lestari
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 4, No 2 (2020): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v4i2.9500

Abstract

This study aims at describing the healthy lifestyle of residents in Priangan . Healthy lifestyle is one of the behavior aspects involving the activity of mother - children, pattern of maintaining the body health, pattern of healthy food and sanitation. This paper used the mass media as main sources to see healthy behavior in Priangan. Mass media used is to give illustration of the mindset of healthy in society. The research conducted uses a historical method which has four parts, namely heuristic, criticism, interpretation and historiography.Based the sources, there are several things to sum up as follows :Firstly, from the 1911 until 1942 there had been a change in health behavior within the community in Priangan; Secondly, the changes are due the contact with culture, religion, and social structure; Thirdly, the change in health behavior constitutes the impact of cultural socialization from local genius and European Culture; Fourthly, Mass media has played a vital role for communicating the healthy culture in society.
Undang-Undang Sumatera Barat (Minangkabau) Tahun 1837-1862 Yulianti yulianti; Amung Ahmad Syahir Muharam; Fathia Lestari
Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah Vol 4, No 1 (2020): Historia Madania: Jurnal Ilmu Sejarah
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/hm.v4i1.9185

Abstract

This article discusses the constitution (undang-undang) of West Sumatra. The Minangkabau people constitute the Matrilineal community. Their customs and culture place the women as the inheritors of inheritance and kinship. Nevertheless, the role of men who actively play roles in religious and political spheres is still significant. Seen from their economy, the Minangkabau  indigenous people have a wealth of fertile land so that the majority of the community's work is farming various plants such as coffee, spices, rice etc. The progress of the community is not only in the economic field but also the development of Islam. The spread of Islam continues to grow and the Islam has been a popular religion among the Minangkabau people. The community also has a legal order written in an Act, which was written in Minangkabau in 1837 precisely after the Padri war and the Dutch rule in the Minangkabau land. Dutch Residents (Heinmers) ordered community leaders to write a customary law into the West Sumatra Act, the enactment of this West Sumatra Law until 1862 because when the Dutch set new regulations on the Minangkabau community, namely stelsel culture so that people followed all the new rules. The West Sumatra Law is divided into three parts: the Adat Law in Nagari, the Murder Case Law, and the Syara Companding Adat Law. Keywords: Minangkabau Society, customary law, local act.