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Monitoring of avian influenza cases based on the detection of viral antigen subtype H5N1 by immunohistochemical technique Damayanti, Rini; Dharmayanti, N.L.P.I; Indriani, R.; Wiyono, A.; Adjid, R.M.A
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 10, No 4 (2005)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.695 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i4.1106

Abstract

Monitoring on the cases of Avian Influenza virus was conducted by detecting viral antigen subtype H5N1 usingimmunohistochemical technique. A total of 212 sampels of various avian tissues were collected from the Provinces of East Java(Districts of Madiun, Tulung Agung, Blitar and Kediri), West Java (Districts of Bogor, Bekasi, Cianjur and Sukabumi), Banten(Districts of Pandeglang and Tangerang) and DKI Jakarta. The sampels were collected four times i.e. June 2004, September2004, October 2004 and between January and February 2005. All sampels were stained using immunohistochemical technique.The antigen could be visualized clearly both in the intra-nuclear and intra-cytoplasmic areas of brain, comb, wattle, trachea,lung, heart, breast and thigh muscle, proventriculus, liver, spleen, kidney, intestine and ovary. A number of 39 of 212 cases(18.4%) have been catagorized as positives. The results show that monitoring of HPAI cases conducted in June and September2004 in the Provinces of West Java, Banten and East Java, none of the sampels were positive. However, monitoring of thedisease in September 2004 in the Province of Jakarta showed that AI virus antigen were detected in various organs of chickenfrom Jakarta. Furthermore, monitoring of the disease conducted between October 2004 and February 2005 revealed that AI virusantigen were also detected in chicken not only from Jakarta Provinces but also from Provinces of Banten and West Java. Basedon these results, it is concluded that between June and September 2004, HPAI infection were not found in areas where previousoutbreaks occured in the Provinces of Banten, West Java and East Java. However, the disease was spread in Jakarta Province inSeptember 2004 and subsequently to some districts in the Provinces of Banten and West Java. A part from this, anticipation ofdisease spread to currently AI-free areas should be considered as part of disease monitoring system.Key Words: Avian Influenza, H5N1, Monitoring, Immunohistochemistry, Poultry
Monitoring of avian influenza cases based on the detection of viral antigen subtype H5N1 by immunohistochemical technique Rini Damayanti; N.L.P.I Dharmayanti; R. Indriani; A. Wiyono; R.M.A Adjid
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 10, No 4 (2005): DECEMBER 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Animal Research and Development (ICARD)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.695 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i4.1106

Abstract

Monitoring on the cases of Avian Influenza virus was conducted by detecting viral antigen subtype H5N1 usingimmunohistochemical technique. A total of 212 sampels of various avian tissues were collected from the Provinces of East Java(Districts of Madiun, Tulung Agung, Blitar and Kediri), West Java (Districts of Bogor, Bekasi, Cianjur and Sukabumi), Banten(Districts of Pandeglang and Tangerang) and DKI Jakarta. The sampels were collected four times i.e. June 2004, September2004, October 2004 and between January and February 2005. All sampels were stained using immunohistochemical technique.The antigen could be visualized clearly both in the intra-nuclear and intra-cytoplasmic areas of brain, comb, wattle, trachea,lung, heart, breast and thigh muscle, proventriculus, liver, spleen, kidney, intestine and ovary. A number of 39 of 212 cases(18.4%) have been catagorized as positives. The results show that monitoring of HPAI cases conducted in June and September2004 in the Provinces of West Java, Banten and East Java, none of the sampels were positive. However, monitoring of thedisease in September 2004 in the Province of Jakarta showed that AI virus antigen were detected in various organs of chickenfrom Jakarta. Furthermore, monitoring of the disease conducted between October 2004 and February 2005 revealed that AI virusantigen were also detected in chicken not only from Jakarta Provinces but also from Provinces of Banten and West Java. Basedon these results, it is concluded that between June and September 2004, HPAI infection were not found in areas where previousoutbreaks occured in the Provinces of Banten, West Java and East Java. However, the disease was spread in Jakarta Province inSeptember 2004 and subsequently to some districts in the Provinces of Banten and West Java. A part from this, anticipation ofdisease spread to currently AI-free areas should be considered as part of disease monitoring system.Key Words: Avian Influenza, H5N1, Monitoring, Immunohistochemistry, Poultry
Isolasi dan Identifikasi Wabah Avian Influenza pada Bulan Oktober 2004-Maret 2005 di Indonesia Dharmayanti, NLP. I.; Indriani, R.; Damayanti, R.; Wiyono, A.
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 3, No 9 (2005): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1043.223 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v3i9.3277

Abstract

ABSTRACTIsolation and Identification of Avian Influenza Outbreak in October 2004 - March 2005in Indonesia. Recent outbreak of avian influenza A (HSNI) in poultry throughout Asiaincluding Indonesia caused major economic problems. Birds infection with this virus wasidentified in Indonesia in January 2004. Since March 2004, the avian influenza cases hasdecreased, but then in October 2004 was reported that outbreak has occurred in some districtin Indonesia. This study is the first to isolation and identification the avian influenza outbreakin Indonesia in October 2004 until March 2005. Our finding revealed that outbreak of poultrydisease in this period was caused by an avian influenza H5 subtype.Keywords: Identification, virus avian influenza subtype H5
ISOLASI DAN IDENTIFIKASI WABAH AVIAN INFLUENZA PADA BULAN OKTOBER 2004-MARET 2005 DI INDONESIA Dharmayanti, NLP. I.; Indriani, R.; Damayanti, R.; Wiyono, A.
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 3, No 9 (2005): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v3i9.3277

Abstract

ABSTRACTIsolation and Identification of Avian Influenza Outbreak in October 2004 - March 2005in Indonesia. Recent outbreak of avian influenza A (HSNI) in poultry throughout Asiaincluding Indonesia caused major economic problems. Bird's infection with this virus wasidentified in Indonesia in January 2004. Since March 2004, the avian influenza cases hasdecreased, but then in October 2004 was reported that outbreak has occurred in some districtin Indonesia. This study is the first to isolation and identification the avian influenza outbreakin Indonesia in October 2004 until March 2005. Our finding revealed that outbreak of poultrydisease in this period was caused by an avian influenza H5 subtype.Keywords: Identification, virus avian influenza subtype H5
The pathogenecity of H5N1 highly pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus clade 2.3.2. in Indonesian indigenous chicken by contact tranmission with infected duck Damayanti, R.; Wiyono, A.; Nuradji, H.; Cahyono, M. I.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 42, No 2 (2017): June
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.42.2.72-80

Abstract

An experimental transmission study was conducted using nine healthy Indonesian indigenous chickens placed together with two 30 days old ducks which were experimentally infected with H5N1 HPAI clade 2.3.2 virus in the Biosafety Laboratory Level 3 (BSL-3) facilities. The aim of the study was to find out the pathogenicity of H5N1 HPAI virus clade 2.3.2 in Indonesian indigenous chickens. The study showed that within twenty four hours rearing, the chickens were exhibited mild clinical signs and by 48 hours, all of the chickens died, whereas the ducks survived but with severe clinical signs. The H5N1 HPAI virus has been successfully isolated from chickens and ducks swabs, confirming that those animals were infected by the virus. Histologically, the infected chicken encountered with severe inflammation reaction namely non suppuratives encephalitis, tracheitis, myocarditis, interstitial pneumonia, hepatitis, proventriculitis, enteritis, pancreatitis, nephritis and bursitis. Necrotizing spleen and pancreas were also prominent. Viral antigen was detected by immunohistochemistry staining in various affected visceral organs. This suggests that Indonesian indigenous chickens were susceptible to H5N1 HPAI virus clade 2.3.2 and it can be transmitted easily to Indonesian indigenous chickens by contact transmission with infected ducks.