Iskandar Iskandar
Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris Samarinda

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PENDIDIKAN POLITIK DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN DAN HADITS Siti Rahmah; Iskandar Iskandar
MUSHAF JOURNAL: Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran dan Hadis Vol. 1 No. 1: Desember 2021
Publisher : CV. Adiba Aisha Amira

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (885.541 KB) | DOI: 10.54443/mushaf.v1i1.9

Abstract

Islam is a perfect religion that not only regulates ritualistic relationships between humans and their creators, but Islam is a comprehensive religion that regulates all aspects of human life both spiritually and physically, as well as regulates human affairs in social life and lays down the principles of the nation and state. State, including matters related to politics, power and government, political education, in political Islam known as siyasa which studies matters concerning matters concerning the affairs of the people and the state with all forms of law, regulation, and policies made by the holder of power. The Qur'an also uses the term Sulthan, "Physical ability to exercise influence and or coercion on other people or society" Mulk, "Power as an object of right (ownership)", and bukm "Organizing order in human life. What is more discussed is related to the principles of leadership where humans are the main subject and at the same time the object in politics. These principles are deliberation, trustworthiness, fair dealing, leadership is responsibility, leaders must not deceive their people, leaders do not do wrong to their people, leaders must pay attention to the condition of the Islamic Ummah (welfare), leaders must act fairly in governing, leaders love their people and their people love him, positions because they are trusted are mandated not requested. This research is a research library (library research).
KONSEP FITRAH DALAM PENDIDIKAN ISLAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN DAN HADIST Eko Nursalim; Iskandar Iskandar
MUSHAF JOURNAL: Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran dan Hadis Vol. 1 No. 1: Desember 2021
Publisher : CV. Adiba Aisha Amira

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.909 KB) | DOI: 10.54443/mushaf.v1i1.8

Abstract

The concept of the nature of Islamic education in the perspective of the Koran and Hadith from the literature review that was carried out, there were several findings in the research including; First, etymologically, Fitrah means al-khilqah (instinct, nature) and al-thabī'ah (nature, character, character) which Allah swt created in humans. Fitrah is also taken from the word al-fathr which means shaq (split). From this meaning, other meanings are born, including creator or event. Second, all human nature in the form of the potential for piety, apart from trying to grow and develop, must and need to be educated and directed. Because the influence of parents (representing the environment in the form of association, reading, education, and so on) can affect humans to be bad, evil and so on. Third, if the child has a basic nature that is seen as an evil trait, educational efforts are to educate, direct and focus on eliminating and replacing or at least reducing the elements of the crime. Fourth, humans are blessed with two extraordinary potentials, namely reason ('aql) and free will (nafs). It turns out that these two potentials can be the cause of an advantage that is difficult to imagine, but at the same time can be a very fatal weakness as well.
HATI DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN DAN HADITS Muhammad Nasikin; Iskandar Iskandar
MUSHAF JOURNAL: Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran dan Hadis Vol. 1 No. 1: Desember 2021
Publisher : CV. Adiba Aisha Amira

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (803.863 KB) | DOI: 10.54443/mushaf.v1i1.10

Abstract

The existence of the heart described by the heart in Islamic scientific discourses quoted from Islamic sources, namely the Al-Quran and Al-Hadith can provide correct understanding and caution for the community in using and maintaining the heart in humans. The study of this research is literature, where the author concludes that a safe heart is a heart that is clean from the filling of other gods besides Allah with lots of istighfar, so that there is no defilement of the heart because of greed that is born to glorify Allah's creation, and to deify it. The heart is always filled by a servant by remembering and establishing love with Allah SWT, including praying, so that the relationship strengthens his belief and develops into the fabric of love among His creatures.
AKAL DAN KECERDASAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF AL-QUR’AN DAN HADITS Muhammad Isnaini; Iskandar Iskandar
MUSHAF JOURNAL: Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran dan Hadis Vol. 1 No. 1: Desember 2021
Publisher : CV. Adiba Aisha Amira

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.984 KB) | DOI: 10.54443/mushaf.v1i1.13

Abstract

The research study carried out was literature where the results of the research carried out contained several findings in the study, including; First, Humans were created by Allah SWT in a perfect form which makes it different from other creatures. Second, the human mind is a gift from Allah SWT, which is used to think, understand, be able to understand something, from within the human being himself, so that humans have the readiness to absorb everything. Third, religion is a matter of reason and its use must be in accordance with the provisions and limits that have been set and not result in absolute and absolute thinking that can harm humans themselves. Fourth, human intelligence is described through the ability of humans themselves to be able to restrain their lusts, those who do the most charity to remember death and the best in preparing provisions to face life after death. Fifth, in the context of human life today, the intelligence referred to includes intelligence IQ (Intellegence Quotient), EQ (Emotional Quotient), and SQ (Spiritual Quotient) and there are even other intelligences as part of one's potential that must always be honed and developed. Sixth, the function of reason which is accompanied by good intelligence in Islamic education, with the concepts of tadhakkur, tadabbur, tafakkur and has knowledge and faith, has a very important role in realizing quality Islamic education.
GURU DAN MURID DALAM PERSEKTIF AL QUR’AN DAN HADITS Iskandar Yusuf; Iskandar Iskandar
MUSHAF JOURNAL: Jurnal Ilmu Al Quran dan Hadis Vol. 1 No. 1: Desember 2021
Publisher : CV. Adiba Aisha Amira

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.591 KB) | DOI: 10.54443/mushaf.v1i1.14

Abstract

Teachers in the perspective of Islamic education are people who are responsible for the development of all potential students. If we look functionally the word teacher can be interpreted as a giver or distributor of knowledge, skills. A teacher has a sense of responsibility towards his duties as a teacher. As said by Imam Ghazali that "the task of educators is to perfect, clean, perfect and bring the human heart to Taqarrub to Allah SWT. While students are creatures who are in the process of development and growth according to their respective natures, where they really need consistent guidance and direction towards the optimal point of their natural abilities. Based on this understanding, students can be characterized as people who are in need of knowledge or knowledge, guidance and direction.