R. Yudianti
Pusat Penelitian Fisika – Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

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Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Material Nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 Untuk Aplikasi Material Superkapasitor Subagio, A.; -, Priyono; -, Pardoyo; Yudianti, R.
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2014): January 2014
Publisher : Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Semarang State University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jpfi.v10i1.3056

Abstract

Telah dilakukan fabrikasi material nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 sebagai material elektroda superkapasitor dengan reaksi redox antara CNT dan KMnO4. Variasi komposisi dari kedua bahan tersebut dilakukan untuk mengetahui sifat struktur, morfologi dan kelistrikannya dengan perbandingan massa CNT/MnO2 sebesar 0, 25, 50 dan 75%. Pola struktur kristal dan morfologi dari material serbuk nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 dikarakterisasi dengan X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) dan transmission electron microscope (TEM), sedangkan pola ikatannya dikarakterisasi dengan FTIR. Serbuk nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 ini selanjutnya dibuat pellet berbentuk silinder berukuran diameter 1 cm dan ketebalan 2 mm dengan variasi penambahan pengikat polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) sebesar 10, 20 dan 30% dari campuran CNT/MnO2. Pellet dari material CNT/MnO2 ini selanjutnya dipanaskan pada temperatur 70 oC selama 1 jam. Hasil pengukuran resistansinya menunjukkan bahwa material CNT/MnO2 dengan perbandingan massa CNT/MnO2 sebesar 75% dan penambahan pengikat PVDF sebesar 20% menunjukkan nilai resistansi yang paling rendah. Selanjutnya prototip superkapasitor CNT/MnO2 dengan menggunakan PVDF sebesar 20% diukur dengan metode electrochemical impedance spectroscopy menghasilkan nilai kapasitansi spesifik sebesar 7,86 F/gr. Nanocomposite materials CNT/MnO2 have been fabricated as candidate of supercapacitor electrode material with a redox reaction between CNT and KMnO4. Variations in the composition of the two materials were carried out to determine the structure, morphology and electrical properties of CNT/MnO2 with mass ratio of 0, 25, 50 and 75 %. Pattern of the crystal structure and morphology of the CNT/MnO2 nanocomposite powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM), while the bond pattern was characterized by FTIR. CNT/MnO2 nanocomposite powder was managed to make cylindrical pellets with diameter of 1 cm and thickness of 2 mm with variations addition of binder polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) of 10, 20 and 30%. Pellets of the material were then heated at a temperature of 70 oC for 1 hour. Resistance measurement results showed that the ratio of the mass of material CNT/MnO2 by 75% and additions by 20% PVDF binder showed the lowest resistance value. Furthermore, CNT/MnO2 supercapacitor prototype using PVDF of 20% measured with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy method showed specific capacitance of 7.86 F/gr.
Sintesis dan Karakterisasi Material Nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 Untuk Aplikasi Material Superkapasitor Subagio, A.; -, Priyono; -, Pardoyo; Yudianti, R.
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/jpfi.v10i1.3056

Abstract

Telah dilakukan fabrikasi material nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 sebagai material elektroda superkapasitor dengan reaksi redox antara CNT dan KMnO4. Variasi komposisi dari kedua bahan tersebut dilakukan untuk mengetahui sifat struktur, morfologi dan kelistrikannya dengan perbandingan massa CNT/MnO2 sebesar 0, 25, 50 dan 75%. Pola struktur kristal dan morfologi dari material serbuk nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 dikarakterisasi dengan X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) dan transmission electron microscope (TEM), sedangkan pola ikatannya dikarakterisasi dengan FTIR. Serbuk nanokomposit CNT/MnO2 ini selanjutnya dibuat pellet berbentuk silinder berukuran diameter 1 cm dan ketebalan 2 mm dengan variasi penambahan pengikat polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) sebesar 10, 20 dan 30% dari campuran CNT/MnO2. Pellet dari material CNT/MnO2 ini selanjutnya dipanaskan pada temperatur 70 oC selama 1 jam. Hasil pengukuran resistansinya menunjukkan bahwa material CNT/MnO2 dengan perbandingan massa CNT/MnO2 sebesar 75% dan penambahan pengikat PVDF sebesar 20% menunjukkan nilai resistansi yang paling rendah. Selanjutnya prototip superkapasitor CNT/MnO2 dengan menggunakan PVDF sebesar 20% diukur dengan metode electrochemical impedance spectroscopy menghasilkan nilai kapasitansi spesifik sebesar 7,86 F/gr. Nanocomposite materials CNT/MnO2 have been fabricated as candidate of supercapacitor electrode material with a redox reaction between CNT and KMnO4. Variations in the composition of the two materials were carried out to determine the structure, morphology and electrical properties of CNT/MnO2 with mass ratio of 0, 25, 50 and 75 %. Pattern of the crystal structure and morphology of the CNT/MnO2 nanocomposite powder were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM), while the bond pattern was characterized by FTIR. CNT/MnO2 nanocomposite powder was managed to make cylindrical pellets with diameter of 1 cm and thickness of 2 mm with variations addition of binder polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) of 10, 20 and 30%. Pellets of the material were then heated at a temperature of 70 oC for 1 hour. Resistance measurement results showed that the ratio of the mass of material CNT/MnO2 by 75% and additions by 20% PVDF binder showed the lowest resistance value. Furthermore, CNT/MnO2 supercapacitor prototype using PVDF of 20% measured with electrochemical impedance spectroscopy method showed specific capacitance of 7.86 F/gr.
Use of Carbon Compounds (Carbon Nanotubes and Activated Carbon) in theImprovement of TiO2–Carbon Supercapacitor Performance Sudarto, Joko; Subagio, Agus; Priyono,; Pardoyo,; Yudianti, R.; Subhan,
Makara Journal of Science
Publisher : UI Scholars Hub

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Improvement ofthe performance of titanium oxide (TiO2)–carbon supercapacitor was studied by fabricating a double-layer electrode compositeconsistingof (TiO2), activated carbon(AC), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). A thin layer of TiO2/CNT/AC electrode was coated on an aluminum foil substrate through the addition of a polyvynilidene fluoride adhesive of around 15% of the total weight of the composite. The resultant layer was then made into a double layer, and its conductivity and capacitance were measured using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Results showed that the supercapacitor performance improved with the addition of CNTs. The highest performance was obtained with a composition of 23.3% TiO2, 21.0% CNT, and 4.0% AC with a 1.29×10-2 S/m conductivity and 5.56 F/g capacitance (C) at a frequency of 0.1 Hz.