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All Journal Corruptio Ius Poenale
Risa Mahdewi
Kejaksaan Negeri Merangin

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Money Laundering As A Transnational Crime Problems And The Ideas Of Legal Policy Reformation In Indonesia Japriyanto Japriyanto; Desia Rakhma Banjarani; Risa Mahdewi
Corruptio Vol 3 No 1 (2022)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25041/corruptio.v3i1.2604


Various countries today are threatened by money laundering as a transnational crime known as borderless crime. This is because the impact of money laundering is not ordinary. The crime of money laundering has a considerable impact disrupting the stability of the economy and social life and even damaging the world economic order. However, various legal problems in dealing with money laundering often occur in Indonesia. With these various problems, it shows that Indonesia needs a legal reformulation related to money laundering as classified as a transnational crime. Based on this background, this research will discuss the problems of how money laundering can be classified as a transnational crime, the problems with its law enforcement, and the legal policy of money laundering as a transnational crime reformulation in Indonesia. This study uses a descriptive normative research method with a qualitative approach. The results show that the idea of reformulation in law enforcement of money laundering as a transnational crime in Indonesia is through the reconstruction of Mutual Legal Assistance or MLA between the Indonesian government and various countries in the world and the application of other international instruments, such as extradition and confiscation. Then regarding the problem of money laundering in law enforcement, it is necessary to reformulate the authority of the Corruption Eradication Commission or KPK to prosecute money laundering crimes originating from the criminal act of corruption because the Anti-Money Laundering Law has not yet clearly regulated the law enforcers who are authorized to carry out prosecutions for the Crime of Money Laundering. So to overcome this law enforcement problem, it is necessary to reform the money laundering law.
The Role of Prosecutors in The Effort For Assets Recovery From Corruption Crimes Midian Hosiholan Rumahorbo; Risa Mahdewi; Desia Rakhma Banjarani
Ius Poenale Vol 3 No 2 (2022)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25041/ip.v3i2.2752


Corruption is an extraordinary crime because the impact of corruption harms the financial condition of a country; corruption is also alleged to violate the social and economic rights of the community or citizens in the country. Since corruption criminal is included as a extraordinary crime, an extraordinary method must be applied to eradicate corruption. For this reason, also steps are needed to provide a deterrent effect to perpetrators of corruption. Punishment of corruption perpetrators is expected to provide a deterrent effect. One of that steps is to return the state losses caused by corruption perpetrators, as well as being one of the anticipatory steps so that later, people will not dare to commit corruption. This research was made to answer how to recover assets from corruption and determine the prosecutor's office's role in recovering assets from corruption crimes. In this research, the author uses a normative legal research method that conducts an inventory of applicable laws and regulations. The results of research regarding efforts to recover assets can be carried out through criminal and civil legal remedies. Furthermore, the role of the Prosecutor's Office as a law enforcement officer in charge of law enforcement regarding assets recovery through criminal acts recognizes two mechanisms or procedures for recovery assets, the first mechanism or procedure is the seizure of assets without punishment, and the second is the mechanism or procedure for voluntary asset return. The steps that can be carried out in asset recovery are divided into several steps, including asset tracking, blocking or freezing, foreclosure, confiscation, and return.