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Preservation of Orchid Plants through Cultivation as Nature Tourism Objects in Mount Rinjani National Park, Lombok Island Ahmad Jupri; Rohimati Saadah; Sukiman; Kurniasih Sukenti; Wardatul Jannah
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol. 23 No. 1 (2023): January - March
Publisher : Biology Education Study Program, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v23i1.4750


Orchid is one of the horticultural plants that are in great demand because of the beauty of their flowers. Orchids are included in the Orchidaceae family. It is important to do this research in order to gain knowledge about Orchid Cultivation Techniques in the National Park of Mount Rinjani Resort Joben. The data collection used in this research is by interview, observation, and direct practice with the supervisor. Based on the results of the research that has been done, the results can be described as listed either through interviews, observations and direct practice as outlined in the form of narratives and pictures. The results of this study indicate that there are 16 types of orchids collected both from within and from outside the area. There is one species endemic orchid from Lombok Island found that is Vanda lombokensis. The cultivation proses consist of demonstration plots, propagation technique and maintenance. The technique used is the split technique or clump separation, namely cutting off the shoots that come out of the stem; cutting off the saplings that come out of the roots and flower stalks and planted using the kadaka media. The maintenance includes watering, fertilization and cleaning weeds. The strategy to develop the tourism object with produce and maintain the original orchid appropriate technology-based.
Morphological Characters of Plant Species of the Zingiberaceae Tribe in Joben Resort Gunung Rinjani National Park, East Lombok Erika Wulan Milenia; Tri Mulyaningsih; Sukiman
Quagga: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Biologi Vol 16 No 1 (2024): QUAGGA : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Biologi
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Kuningan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25134/quagga.v16i1.73


Zingiberaceae is a family of aromatic herbaceous plants, pseudostem, and rhizomes. Members of this species are found in the low-high lands (2000 meters above sea level), in areas with very high rainfall, and in humid places. Resort Joben is located in the south of Mount Rinjani so the water source is quite abundant and the humid forest conditions are a place to grow various species of Zingiberaceae. This study aims to determine the species and distribution of Zingiberaceae in the Joben Resort, Rinjani Mount National Park, East Lombok. Sampling used the cruising method with five cruising lines, each line has a wide range of 20 meters.    Morphological characters identify using the reference book Vascular Plant Systematics, and the kinship relationship dendrogram was created using past 4.09 software. Samples were collected and documented as herbarium, then identified their morphological characters and species. The results of the study found six species of Zingiberaceae which belong to three sub-family, namely Zingiberoideae: Curcuma zanthorrhiza and Hedychium coronarium; Alpinioideae: Amomum dealbatum, Etlingera spinulosa and Etlingera rubroloba, and Costoideae: Costus spiralis.