Journal of Arabic Literature (Jali)
Vol 2, No 1 (2020): Journal of Arabic Literature (JaLi)

Al-Kalam Al-Insya’I wa Ma’anihi fi Surati Al-Shaffat

Muhimmatul Musyayyadah (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya)

Article Info

Publish Date
16 Jan 2021


Balāghah is a science that studies the style of language in a text or expression. Some kinds balāghah studies are ‘ilmu bayān, ‘ilmu ma’ānī, and ‘ilmu badī’. In this study, the researcher studied surah al-Sāffāt by using the study of balāghah ‘ilmu ma’ānī namely Kalām Inshā’ī. Kalām Inshā’ī  is an expression that does not show truth or lies. Kalām Inshā’ī divided to two parts, that is kalām inshā’ī ṭalabī dan kalām inshā’ī ghairu ṭalabī. Through a qualitative descriptive approach, the present study reveals that there are 47 sentences consisting of kalām inshā’ī including: 16 amr (imperatives), 22 istifhām (interrogative), 2 tamannī, 4 nidā’, 2 qasm, and 1 madh.  

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Journal Info







Journal of Arabic Literature (Jali) (ISSN Print: 2746-0118 and E-ISSN: 2722-5585) is a journal of Arabic Literature focused on literary studies, such as literary history, literary theories, literary criticism, and others. The article must be written in either Arabic or English. JaLi: Journal of ...