Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Vol. 10 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi (Periodic Epidemiology Journal)


Isnaniyanti Fajrin Arifin (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, 60115)
Flora Ramona Sigit Prakoeswa (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, 60115)
Cita Rosita Sigit Prakoswa (1Departement of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga 2Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, East Java, 60115)
Kohar Hari Santoso (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, 60115)
Budi Utomo (Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, 60115)
Trias Mahmudiono (Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, East Java, 60115)
Agus Sri Wardoyo (East Java Provincial Health Office, East Java, 60115)

Article Info

Publish Date
30 Jan 2022


Background: Indonesia's annual increase in leprosy is a serious health problem. In east Java, child leprosy cases spread in several counties/cities, the number of new cases of child leprosy cases has been raised in Gresik District from 2015 until 2019. Purpose: This study analyzed characteristics, BCG vaccine status, nutritional status and home environment, the correlated risk factors to child leprosy in Gresik District. Methods: This study used a design population-based matched case-control design and analysis data using computer computing. The variables for this research were characteristics (age, sex, and education) and BCG vaccine status (BCG scar and without BCG scar), nutritional status classified as Body Mass Index (BMI)(normal and thin) and protein (albumin and Hb serum), and home environment (wall, ceiling, floor, humidity, ventilation, and density of occupancy). It was conducted in October 2019-February 2020 using a questionnaire, observation and measurements. The total sample was 36 respondents, of which the number of the case was 18, and the control was 18. Data were analyzed using the Logistic Regression method entered with a 95% CI and an OR. Results: Home environment had not correlated to leprosy cases of children. The completeness of BCG vaccine status correlated to children's leprosy cases (p=0.02). BMI had correlated to leprosy cases of children (p=0.01). The most influential variable was the completeness protein of albumin serum (Odds Ratio (OR) =9.10; 95%CI=1.11-41.44; p=0.01). Conclusion: The most dominant risk factor correlated with the incidence of leprosy is the serum albumin level.

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Journal Info





Immunology & microbiology Public Health


The scope of JBE are Epidemiology of Communicable Disease, Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease, Tropical Disease, Epidemiology Surveillance, Management Outbreak, Epidemiology of Preventable Disease, and Epidemiology of ...